- Places the scientific method in context using historical examples
- Suitable for both scientists and non-scientists looking to better understand scientific reasoning
- Written in an engaging style with clear illustrations and referencing
Appropriate for students and researchers from all disciplines who want to learn more about historical scientific reasoning.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Humanity’s Urge to Understand
2. Elements of Scientific Thinking: Skepticism, Careful Reasoning, and Exhaustive Evaluation Are All Vital
2.1 Science Is Universal
2.2 Maintaining a Critical Attitude
2.4 Evaluating Scientific Hypotheses
2.5 Science at the Frontier
3. Christopher Columbus and the Discovery of the “Indies”: It Can Be Disastrous to Stubbornly Refuse to Recognize That You Have Falsified Your Own Hypothesis
4. Antoine Lavoisier and Joseph Priestley Both Test the Befuddling Phlogiston Theory: Junking a Confusing Hypothesis May Be Necessary to Clear the Way for New and Productive Science
5. Michael Faraday Discovers Electromagnetic Induction but Fails to Unify Electromagnetism and Gravitation: It Is Usually Productive to Simplify and Consolidate Your Hypotheses
6. Wilhelm Röntgen Intended to Study Cathode Rays but Ended Up Discovering X-Rays: Listen Carefully When Mother Nature Whispers in Your Ear—She May Be Leading You to a Nobel Prize
7. Max Planck, the First Superhero of Quantum Theory, Saves the Universe from the Ultraviolet Catastrophe: Assemble Two Flawed Hypotheses About a Key Phenomenon into a Model That Fits Experiment Exactly and People Will Listen to You Even if You Must Revolutionize Physics
8. Albert Einstein Attacks the Problem “Are Atoms Real?” from Every Angle: Solving a Centuries-Old Riddle in Seven Different Ways Can Finally Resolve It
9. Niels Bohr Models the Hydrogen Atom as a Quantized System with Compelling Exactness, but His Later Career Proves that Collaboration and Developing New Talent Can Become More Significant than the Groundbreaking Research of Any Individual
10. Conclusions, Status of Science, and Lessons for Our Time
10.1 Conclusions from Our Biographies
10.2 What Thought Processes Lead to Innovation?
10.3 Is the Scientist an Outsider?
10.4 The Status of the Modern Scientific Enterprise
10.5 Lessons for Our Time
10.6 Can the Scientific Method Be Applied to Public Policy?
10.7 Why So Little Interest in Science?
10.8 Knowledge Is Never Complete
- No. of pages: 176
- Language: English
- Copyright: © Elsevier 2012
- Published: October 1, 2012
- Imprint: Elsevier
- Paperback ISBN: 9780323282673
- eBook ISBN: 9780123985040
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