Holographic Nondestructive Testing

Holographic Nondestructive Testing

1st Edition - July 28, 1974

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  • Editor: Robert Erf
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149501

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Holographic Nondestructive Testing presents a unified discussion of the principles and methods of holography and its application holographic nondestructive testing. The book discusses in detail the basic theoretical concepts, the experimental methods for recording holograms, and different specialized holographic techniques. Several kinds of holography are discussed in the beginning chapters such as continuous-wave holography, pulsed holography, and interferometric holography. Other topics covered in the book are holographic surface contouring, holographic correlation, and holographic vibration analysis. Microwave and acoustical holography are the major areas of interest in Chapters 9 and 10. The text serves as an important reference to both engineers and optical scientists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Chapter 2. Holography

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 General Theoretical Analysis

    2.3 Types of Holograms

    2.4 Experimental Techniques for Making CW Holograms


    Chapter 3. Pulsed Holography

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Pulsed Laser Operating Characteristics

    3.3 Pulsed Laser Holographic System Configurations

    3.4 Environmental Effects

    3.5 Practical Considerations

    3.6 Nondestructive Testing


    Chapter 4. Interferometric Holography

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Techniques of Interferometric Holography

    4.3 Variations of the Basic Technique

    4.4 Interferometric Holography as Applied to Nondestructive Testing


    Chapter 5. Holographic and Moire Surface Contouring

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Line Projection Contouring Techniques

    5.3 Moire Contouring

    5.4 Multiple-Frequency Holographic Contouring

    5.5 Multiple-Refractive-Index Holographic Contouring

    5.6 CRT and Speckle Pattern Techniques for Optical-Field Contouring


    Chapter 6. Holographic Correlation

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Correlation and Interferometry

    6.3 Optical Matched Filtering and Holographic Correlation

    6.4 Real-Time Surface Inspection by Optical Correlation

    6.5 Non-Real-Time Correlation

    6.6 Conclusion


    Chapter 7. Holographic Vibration Analysis

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Observation of Fringes

    7.3 Separable Object Motions

    7.4 Inseparable Object Motions

    7.5 Measurement versus Analysis

    7.6 Vibration Analysis with Sinusoidal Excitation

    7.7 Photographing J0 Fringes

    7.8 Applications of Holographic Vibration Analysis


    Chapter 8. Specialized Holographic Techniques and Applications

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Object Motion Compensation in CW Holography

    8.2.1 Introduction

    8.2.2 Local Reference Beam Generation

    8.2.3 Reference Beam Compensation Using an Electronic Feedback Servo System

    8.2.4 Scanned Beam Holography


    8.3 Temporal Modulation Techniques

    8.3.1 Introduction

    8.3.2 Modulation Techniques for Vibrating Objects

    8.3.3 Techniques for Producing Modulation


    8.4 The Use of Contour Maps for Measuring Surface Displacement

    8.4.1 Introduction

    8.4.2 Limitations on the Useful Range of Displacement Amplitudes Measureable by Hologram Interferometry

    8.4.3 Contour Maps in Displacement Measurement

    8.4.4 Experimental Results


    8.5 Strain Measurement

    8.5.1 Introduction

    8.5.2 Holographic Methods

    8.5.3 Laser Speckle Pattern Methods

    8.5.4 Surface Coating Techniques


    8.6 Crack Detection

    8.6.1 Basic Concepts

    8.6.2 Detection of Microcracks

    8.6.3 Observation of Stress-Corrosion Cracking

    8.6.4 Discussion


    8.7 Laminate Structure Inspection

    8.7.1 Introduction

    8.7.2 Stressing Concepts

    8.7.3 Practical Testing and Limitations

    8.7.4 Typical Examples and Equipment


    8.8 Composite Materials Inspection

    8.8.1 Introduction

    8.8.2 Application of Acoustic Stressing

    8.8.3 Inspection of Composite Test Samples

    8.8.4 Inspection of Composite Compressor Blades

    8.8.5 Advantages, Disadvantages, and Limitations of the Method


    8.9 Cylindrical Bore Inspection

    8.9.1 Introduction

    8.9.2 Comparison of Shapes by Holographic Interferometry

    8.9.3 Holographic Interferometers for Comparing Cylinder Bores

    8.9.4 Fringe Interpretation

    8.9.5 Simple Methods of Bore Inspection Using Laser Light


    8.10 Turbine Blade Inspection

    8.10.1 Introduction

    8.10.2 Vibration Analysis

    8.10.3 Wall Thickness Measurement

    8.10.4 Internal Structural Integrity

    8.10.5 Experimental Techniques


    8.11 Pneumatic Tire Inspection

    8.11.1 Introduction

    8.11.2 Internal Defect Evaluation

    8.11.3 Vibrational and Structural Analysis


    8.12 Solid Propellant Rocket Inspection

    8.12.1 Introduction

    8.12.2 Experimental Test Procedure and Illustrative Results

    8.12.3 Advantages, Disadvantages, and Limitations of the Method


    Chapter 9. Microwave Holography

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Microwave Hologram Theory

    9.3 Microwave Zone Plates

    9.4 Early Microwave Holograms

    9.5 Microwave Holograms as Detection Devices

    9.6 The Kinoform and Its Microwave Equivalent

    9.7 Microwave Holograms Using Liquid Crystals

    9.8 Microwave Holographic Interferometry

    9.9 Microwave Hologram Antennas


    Chapter 10. Acoustical Holography with Scanned Hologram Systems

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Parameters of Hologram Formation

    10.3 Parameters of Image Formation

    10.4 Analytical Expressions

    10.5 Correcting for Aberrations

    10.6 A Brief Description of the Scan System

    10.7 The Optical Processor

    10.8 Magnification and Resolution

    10.9 Examples of Practical Applications


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 460
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: July 28, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149501

About the Editor

Robert Erf

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