History of Computing in the Twentieth Century

History of Computing in the Twentieth Century

1st Edition - September 28, 1980

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  • Editor: Nicholas Metropolis
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483296685

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A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century focuses on the advancements in the processes, methodologies, programs, and techniques in computing. The selection first elaborates on computing developments in Cambridge, U.S.A., pioneering work on computers at Bletchley, and the COLOSSUS. Discussions focus on secrecy and priority, the first COLOSSUS, MARK II COLOSSUS, postwar developments in computing, and the HEATH ROBINSON project. The text then ponders on Turing's work at the National Physical Laboratory and the construction of Pilot ACE, DEUCE, and ACE, the Smithsonian Computer History Project, and programming in America. Topics include origins of FORTRAN, optimization techniques in FORTRAN, DEUCE computer, and the Pilot ACE. The book takes a look at the development of programming in the USSR, advancement of programming languages, and reflections on the evolution of algorithmic language. The book also examines the computer development at Manchester University, the sieve process, MANIAC project, and the ENIAC project. The selection is a valuable reference for computer science experts and researchers interested in the development of computing.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    Introductory Essay

    Part I Introduction

    We Would Know What They Thought When They Did It

    Historiography: A Perspective for Computer Scientists

    Part II The Human Side

    Computer Developments 1935-1955, as Seen from Cambridge, U.S.A.

    Pioneering Work on Computers at Bletchley


    Von Neumann: The Interaction of Mathematics and Computing

    Turing's Work at the National Physical Laboratory and the Construction of Pilot ACE, DEUCE, and ACE

    The Smithsonian Computer History Project and Some Personal Recollections

    Part III The Languages

    Programming in America in the 1950s—Some Personal Impressions

    The Early Development of Programming in the USSR

    The Early Development of Programming Languages

    Reflections on the Evolution of Algorithmic Language

    Part IV The Machines

    Computer Development at the Institute for Advanced Study

    From ENIAC to the Stored-Program Computer: Two Revolutions in Computers

    Computer Development at Argonne National Laboratory

    The ORDVAC and the ILLIAC


    Reminiscences of Oak Ridge

    Computer Development at IBM

    The SWAC: The National Bureau of Standards Western Automatic Computer

    Computer Development at Manchester University

    A History of the Sieve Process

    The MANIAC

    Early Research on Computers at RCA

    Memories of the Bureau of Standards' SEAC

    Early Computers

    The Start of an ERA: Engineering Research Associates, Inc., 1946-1955

    Early Programming Developments in Cambridge

    Part V The Places

    Between Zuse and Rutishauser—The Early Development of Digital Computing in Central Europe

    The ENIAC

    The ENIAC

    Computers in the University of London, 1945-1962

    A Programmer's Early Memories

    Early History of Computing in Japan

    From Mechanical Linkages to Electronic Computers: Recollections from Czechoslovakia

    Central European Prehistory of Computing

    Some Remarks on the History of Computing in Germany

    The Origins of Digital Computers: Supplementary Bibliography

    General Index

    Index of Claimed Firsts and Inventions

    Index of Names

Product details

  • No. of pages: 659
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: September 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483296685

About the Editor

Nicholas Metropolis

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