High Temperature Vapors

High Temperature Vapors

Science and Technology

1st Edition - January 1, 1975

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  • Author: John Hastie
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148139

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Description

High Temperature Vapors: Science and Technology focuses on the relationship of the basic science of high-temperature vapors to some areas of discernible practical importance in modern science and technology. The major high-temperature problem areas selected for discussion include chemical vapor transport and deposition; the vapor phase aspects of corrosion, combustion, and energy systems; and extraterrestrial high-temperature species. This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins with an introduction to the nature of the high-temperature vapor state, the scope and literature of high-temperature vapor-phase chemistry, and the role of high-temperature vapors in materials science. The discussion then turns to gas-solid reactions with vapor products; chemical vapor transport and deposition; vapor-phase aspects of corrosion at high temperature; and flames and combustion. High-temperature vapor-phase processes associated with gas turbine systems are also considered. The final chapter is devoted to the chemistry of high-temperature species in space. This monograph should serve as a valuable reference for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as scientists in fields such as chemistry, physics, materials science, and metallurgy.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface

    Terminology

    1 Introduction

    I. The Nature of High Temperature Vapors

    II. The Scope and Literature of High Temperature Vapor-Phase Chemistry

    III. Thermodynamic Relationships between High Temperature Vapors and the Other States of Matter

    IV. The Role of High Temperature Vapors in Materials Science

    V. Basic Concepts and Controlling Factors in High Temperature Vapor-Phase Processes

    Appendix. Major Literature Sources for High Temperature Chemistry

    2 Gas-Solid Reactions with Vapor Products

    I. Introduction

    II. Gas-Solid Reaction Types

    III . Reaction Mechanisms

    IV. Oxidation Reactions

    V. Halogenation Reactions

    VI. Synergistic Reactions

    VII. Graphite-Gas Reactions

    VIII. Water Vapor-Solid Reactions

    IX. Miscellaneous Examples of Practical Interest

    Appendix. Some Additional Recent Literature on High Temperature Gas-Solid Reactions

    3 Chemical Vapor Transport and Deposition

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical and Physical Vapor Deposition Processes

    III. Chemical Transport along a Temperature Gradient

    IV. Enhanced Volatility Processes and Complex Vapors

    V. Chemical Synthesis with Quenched High Temperature Species

    VI. Plasma Chemistry

    VII. Vapor-Phase Metallurgy

    VIII. Ore Genesis

    IX. Metal Halide Lamps

    4 Vapor-Phase Aspects of Corrosion at High Temperature

    I. Introduction

    II. Corrosion without Vaporization

    III. Corrosion with Vaporization

    5 Combustion

    I. Introduction

    II. Molecular Aspects of Flames—Flame Chemistry

    III. Ion Chemistry in Flames

    IV. Analytical Flame Spectroscopy

    V. Chemical Inhibition of Flames

    VI. Smoke Formation and Suppression

    VII. Combustion Knock

    VIII. Combustion of Metals

    IX. Theoretical Performance of Chemical Rocket Engines

    6 Energy Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Thermal Energy Transport

    III. Nuclear Fission Systems

    IV. Fusion Power

    V. Coal Gasification

    VI. High Temperature Vapor-Phase Processes Associated with Gas Turbine Systems

    VII. Magnetohydrodynamic Energy Systems

    7 Chemistry of High Temperature Species in Space

    I. Introduction

    II. The Upper Atmosphere

    III. The Outer Solar System

    IV. The Interstellar Region

    V. Stellar Atmospheres

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 1, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148139

About the Author

John Hastie

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