High-Pressure Research

High-Pressure Research

Applications in Geophysics

1st Edition - January 28, 1977

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  • Editors: Murli H. Manghnani, Syun-Iti Akimoto
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260532

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High-Pressure Research: Applications in Geophysics contains the papers presented during a U.S.-Japan joint seminar held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 6-9 July 1976. The seminar brought together scientists engaged in high pressure-high temperature research to exchange ideas on the latest state-of-the-art developments, their experimental results, and their latest interpretations with regard to the significance of these results to the geophysical sciences in general. Four formal sessions were held. Of the forty-two papers presented at the seminar, thirty-nine appear as contributed papers and three as abstracts in this volume. The papers in Session I examine the geophysics and geochemistry of the crust and upper mantle. The contributions in Session II focus on phase transitions related to Earth's deep interior. Session III is devoted equations of state and shock wave experiments while Session IV covers instrumentation, pressure calibration, and standardization.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    Session I Geophysics and Geochemistry of the Crust and Upper Mantle

    A Brief Summary of Our Present Day Understanding of the Effect of Volatiles and Partial Melt on the Mechanical Properties of the Upper Mantle

    Phase Transformation in Silicate Melts under Upper-Mantle Conditions

    The Electrical Conductivity of Polycrystalline Olivine and Pyroxene under Pressure

    Anisotropic Changes in Resistivity and Velocity during Rock Deformation

    Elastic Wave Velocities in the Ichinomegata Ultramafic Nodules: Composition of the Uppermost Mantle

    Experimental Studies on the Influence of CO2 and H2O in the Upper Mantle

    The Role of Amphiboles and Water in Circum-Pacific Volcanism

    Dual Plate Tectonics Model (abstract)

    Physical and Chemical Nature of the Lithosphère and Asthenosphere, Especially at Their Boundary

    Upper Mantle P-Structure and the 650-km Discontinuity

    Hydroxyl-Clinohumite and Hydroxyl-Chondrodite: Possible H2O-Bearing Minerals in the Upper Mantle

    A Pressure-Induced Phase Transition in As2Se3 Glass

    Crystal Structures of Phases Produced by Disproportionation of K-Feldspar under Pressure

    Session II Phase Transitions Related to Earth's Deep Interior

    Silicate Llmenites and the Post-Spinel Transformations

    Phase Transitions in Rutile-Type Structures

    Orthorhombic Perovskite (Mg,Fe)SiO3 and Constitution of the Lower Mantle

    The Post-Spinel Phases of Twelve Silicates and Germanates

    Phase Relations of Pure Mg2SiO4 up to 200 Kilobars

    Metallic Transition of Oxides, H2O and Hydrogen

    Prediction of High-Pressure Phase Transitions by Elastic Constant Data

    Chemical Composition of the Outer Core (Abstract)

    Session III Equations of State and Shock Wave Experiments

    Equation of State of Mantle Minerals Determined through High-Pressure X-Ray Study

    Compression Studies of Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) and Enstatite (MgSiO3)

    A Comparison of α-Quartz Shock Compression Data with Recent Determinations of the Bulk Modulus of Stishovite

    Some Comments on the Elasticity of Stishovite as Determined by Ultrasonic and High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Techniques

    Bcc Transition Metals under Pressure: Results from Ultrasonic Interferometry and Diamond-Cell Experiments

    Physics and Chemistry of Iron and Potassium at Lower-Mantle and Core Pressures

    Processes Occurring in Shock Wave Compression of Rocks and Minerals

    Pyroxenes and Olivines: Structural Implications of Shock-Wave Data for High Pressure Phases

    Phase-Transition Pressures of Fe3O4 and GaAs Determined from Shock-Compression Experiments

    Formation of Diaplectic Glass in Anorthite by Shock-Loading Experiments

    Session IV Instrumentation, Pressure Calibration, and Standardization

    Techniques of Electrical Conductivity Measurement to 300 Kbar

    Pressure and Electrical Resistance Measurements in the Diamond Cell

    Compression Experiments on MgO and Ruby with the Diamond-Window Pressure Cell to 1 Megabar

    Brillouin Scattering: A New Way to Measure Elastic Moduli at High Pressures

    Transducer and Bond Phase Shifts in Ultrasonics, and Their Effects on Measured Pressure Derivatives of Elastic Moduli

    A Novel Device to Reach Higher Pressure in Larger Volume

    Pressure Calibration above 100 Kbar Based on the NaCl Internal Standard

    High Temperature-Pressure Phase Boundaries in Silicate Systems Using In Situ X-Ray Diffraction

    Ultrasonic Wave Velocity Measurements in Solids under High Pressure Using Solid Pressure Media

    Gruneisen Parameter of NaCl at High Compressions (Abstract)

    Strain Fields Associated with Fracture under High Pressure, Viewed with Holographic Interferometry

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 658
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 28, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260532

About the Editors

Murli H. Manghnani

Syun-Iti Akimoto

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