High-Pressure Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124687509, 9781483260532

High-Pressure Research

1st Edition

Applications in Geophysics

Editors: Murli H. Manghnani Syun-Iti Akimoto
eBook ISBN: 9781483260532
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1977
Page Count: 658
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Description

High-Pressure Research: Applications in Geophysics contains the papers presented during a U.S.-Japan joint seminar held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 6-9 July 1976. The seminar brought together scientists engaged in high pressure-high temperature research to exchange ideas on the latest state-of-the-art developments, their experimental results, and their latest interpretations with regard to the significance of these results to the geophysical sciences in general.
Four formal sessions were held. Of the forty-two papers presented at the seminar, thirty-nine appear as contributed papers and three as abstracts in this volume. The papers in Session I examine the geophysics and geochemistry of the crust and upper mantle. The contributions in Session II focus on phase transitions related to Earth's deep interior. Session III is devoted equations of state and shock wave experiments while Session IV covers instrumentation, pressure calibration, and standardization.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Program

Session I Geophysics and Geochemistry of the Crust and Upper Mantle

A Brief Summary of Our Present Day Understanding of the Effect of Volatiles and Partial Melt on the Mechanical Properties of the Upper Mantle

Phase Transformation in Silicate Melts under Upper-Mantle Conditions

The Electrical Conductivity of Polycrystalline Olivine and Pyroxene under Pressure

Anisotropic Changes in Resistivity and Velocity during Rock Deformation

Elastic Wave Velocities in the Ichinomegata Ultramafic Nodules: Composition of the Uppermost Mantle

Experimental Studies on the Influence of CO2 and H2O in the Upper Mantle

The Role of Amphiboles and Water in Circum-Pacific Volcanism

Dual Plate Tectonics Model (abstract)

Physical and Chemical Nature of the Lithosphère and Asthenosphere, Especially at Their Boundary

Upper Mantle P-Structure and the 650-km Discontinuity

Hydroxyl-Clinohumite and Hydroxyl-Chondrodite: Possible H2O-Bearing Minerals in the Upper Mantle

A Pressure-Induced Phase Transition in As2Se3 Glass

Crystal Structures of Phases Produced by Disproportionation of K-Feldspar under Pressure

Session II Phase Transitions Related to Earth's Deep Interior

Silicate Llmenites and the Post-Spinel Transformations

Phase Transitions in Rutile-Type Structures

Orthorhombic Perovskite (Mg,Fe)SiO3 and Constitution of the Lower Mantle

The Post-Spinel Phases of Twelve Silicates and Germanates

Phase Relations of Pure Mg2SiO4 up to 200 Kilobars

Metallic Transition of Oxides, H2O and Hydrogen

Prediction of High-Pressure Phase Transitions by Elastic Constant Data

Chemical Composition of the Outer Core (Abstract)

Session III Equations of State and Shock Wave Experiments

Equation of State of Mantle Minerals Determined through High-Pressure X-Ray Study

Compression Studies of Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) and Enstatite (MgSiO3)

A Comparison of α-Quartz Shock Compression Data with Recent Determinations of the Bulk Modulus of Stishovite

Some Comments on the Elasticity of Stishovite as Determined by Ultrasonic and High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Techniques

Bcc Transition Metals under Pressure: Results from Ultrasonic Interferometry and Diamond-Cell Experiments

Physics and Chemistry of Iron and Potassium at Lower-Mantle and Core Pressures

Processes Occurring in Shock Wave Compression of Rocks and Minerals

Pyroxenes and Olivines: Structural Implications of Shock-Wave Data for High Pressure Phases

Phase-Transition Pressures of Fe3O4 and GaAs Determined from Shock-Compression Experiments

Formation of Diaplectic Glass in Anorthite by Shock-Loading Experiments

Session IV Instrumentation, Pressure Calibration, and Standardization

Techniques of Electrical Conductivity Measurement to 300 Kbar

Pressure and Electrical Resistance Measurements in the Diamond Cell

Compression Experiments on MgO and Ruby with the Diamond-Window Pressure Cell to 1 Megabar

Brillouin Scattering: A New Way to Measure Elastic Moduli at High Pressures

Transducer and Bond Phase Shifts in Ultrasonics, and Their Effects on Measured Pressure Derivatives of Elastic Moduli

A Novel Device to Reach Higher Pressure in Larger Volume

Pressure Calibration above 100 Kbar Based on the NaCl Internal Standard

High Temperature-Pressure Phase Boundaries in Silicate Systems Using In Situ X-Ray Diffraction

Ultrasonic Wave Velocity Measurements in Solids under High Pressure Using Solid Pressure Media

Gruneisen Parameter of NaCl at High Compressions (Abstract)

Strain Fields Associated with Fracture under High Pressure, Viewed with Holographic Interferometry

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
658
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483260532

About the Editor

Murli H. Manghnani

Syun-Iti Akimoto