Chapter headings. Selected papers. Preface.
Contents. List of Contributors. Introduction. High pressure: definitions and examples in nature. Early historical roots of high pressure technology. High pressure technology today - motivations for using high pressure. High pressure technology today - application survey and examples. Thermodynamic Properties at High Pressure. Introduction. Phase equilibria. Calculation of high pressure phase equilibria. Chemical reaction equilibria. Experimental methods. Kinetic Properties at High Pressure. Interesting features at high pressure. Kinetics of high pressure reactions. Measurement of chemical kinetic data at high pressure. Transport properties. Design and Construction of High Pressure Equipment for Research and Production. High pressure machinery. High pressure piping equipment. High pressure vessels and other components. Instrumentation of high pressure facilities. Industrial reaction units. Reactors for homogeneous reactions. Hydrodynamics and mass transfer in fixed-bed gas-liquid-solid reactors operating at high pressure. Slurry catalytic reactors. Catalytic reactors for olefin polymerizations. Separation Operations and Equipment. Pressure distillation. Packed towers: random and structured packings. Tray columns. Trays or packings? Conclusions for pressure distillation. Extraction from solids. Extraction from liquids. Safety and Control in High Pressure Plant Design and Operation. General safety aspects in high pressure facilities. Runaway of polyethylene reactors. Safety in high pressure extraction plants. Economics of High Pressure Processes. High pressure extraction plants. High pressure polymerization of ethylene. Precipitation by supercritical antisolvent. Applications. Chemical reactions in supercritical solvents (SCFs). E