Heteropolyacids as Highly Efficient and Green Catalysts Applied in Organic Transformations

Heteropolyacids as Highly Efficient and Green Catalysts Applied in Organic Transformations

1st Edition - January 19, 2022

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  • Authors: Majid Heravi, Fatemeh Bamoharram
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323884419
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323906586

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Heteropolyacids as Highly Efficient and Green Catalysts Applied in Organic Transformations introduces heteropolyacids (HPAs) as promising candidates for use as green catalysts. This book initially presents an overview of chemistry of HPAs, including the history of their discovery and applications, systematic classifications, solubility, coordination and binding chemistry, isomerization, stability, redox activity, acidic properties, basicity, skeleton structure, structure types, self-assemblage, surface area, electrochemical behavior, methods of investigation, and characterization. Other sections present and compare the applications of HPAs as homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. The book provides readers with a basic-to-advanced range of knowledge on how useful and green HPAs can be used for use as catalysts in organic transformations and even the synthesis of complex organic molecules.

Key Features

  • Focuses on applications of HPAs as catalysts, but also includes basic information on HPAs to make it useful to those researchers and scientists whose activities are focused on biochemical analysis, electrochemistry, electrochemical devices, protection of corrosion, medicine and photo-catalyzed reactions
  • Includes a subdivision devoted to HPA-catalyzed multicomponent reactions for the synthesis of some biologically active compounds via a double-green strategy
  • Illustrates reactions with approximately 100 chemical reaction schemes to aid understanding


Chemists researching catalysis in both academia and R&D sectors of different chemical industries; faculty and post-graduate students of organic and inorganic chemistry

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Foreword
  • 1.2: Catalysis
  • 1.3: History
  • 1.4: Nanocatalysis
  • 1.5: Classification of catalysis
  • 1.6: Solid acid catalysts
  • 1.7: Heteropoly acids as green catalysts
  • 1.8: Solid-solid phase catalysis
  • 1.9: Green processes using heteropoly acid catalysts in two phases
  • 1.10: Types of catalytic activity of heteropoly acids
  • 1.11: Catalytic properties
  • 1.12: Photocatalysis
  • 1.13: Electrocatalysis
  • 1.14: Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis
  • 1.15: Nano polyoxometalates
  • 1.16: Organic/inorganic hybrid materials
  • 1.17: Various morphological states
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Heteropoly acids: An overview
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Polyoxometalates
  • 2.2: Heteropoly acids
  • 2.3: Nomenclature
  • 2.4: Classification of heteropoly acids
  • 2.5: General properties
  • 2.6: Basic properties
  • 2.7: Characterization
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Applications of heteropoly acids as heterogeneous catalysts
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: Synthesis of heterocycles
  • 3.3: Multicomponent reactions (MCRs)
  • 3.4: Oxidation
  • 3.5: Photocatalysis
  • 3.6: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Applications of heteropoly acids as homogeneous catalysts
  • Abstract
  • 4.1: Introduction
  • 4.2: Synthesis of heterocycles
  • 4.3: Multicomponent reactions
  • 4.4: Oxidation
  • 4.5: Photocatalysis
  • 4.6: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Supported heteropoly acids
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Introduction
  • 5.2: Techniques of immobilization
  • 5.3: Synthetic methods for the immobilization of polyoxometalates
  • 5.4: Chemical interactions between the polyoxometalate and the support
  • 5.5: Substrate effects and functional properties
  • 5.6: Host/guest interactions in supported polyoxometalate hybrids
  • 5.7: Polyoxometalate hybrids covalently immobilized onto mesoporous supports
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Applications of heteropoly acids in industry
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: Applications of heteropoly acids in the chemical industry
  • 6.3: Applications of heteropoly acids in pharmaceuticals
  • 6.4: Applications of Heteropoly acids in the food industry
  • 6.5: Applications of Heteropoly acids in biomass
  • 6.6: Applications of heteropoly acids in removal of pollutants
  • 6.7: Miscellaneous applications of heteropoly acids
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 388
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 19, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323884419
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323906586

About the Authors

Majid Heravi

Majid M Heravi was born in 1952 in Mashhad, Iran. He received his B. Sc. degree from the National University of Iran in 1975 and his M. Sc. and Ph. D. degrees from Salford University, England in 1977 and 1980, respectively. He completed his doctoral thesis under the supervision of the late Jim Clarck in Salford University, England. He started his career as a research fellow in Daroupakhsh (a pharmaceutical company) in 1981 Tehran, Iran and joined as an assistant professor to Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran in 1983, and was promoted to associate professor in 1993 and full professor in 1997. In 1999 he moved to Alzahra University of Tehran, Iran as professor of chemistry where he still works. He has previously been a visiting professor at UC Riverside, California, USA and Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany. His research interests focus on heterocyclic chemistry, catalysis, organic methodology and green synthetic organic chemistry. He has published more than 850 ISI cited papers, including reviews and 12 chapters in Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, as well as two books with Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Chemistry, School of Physics and Chemistry, Alzahra University, Vanak, Tehran, Iran

Fatemeh Bamoharram

Fatemeh F. Bamoharram is a professor in Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Iran. She received her BSc degree from Birjand University in Iran in 1993 and her MSc and PhD degrees from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran, in 1997 and 2003, respectively. She started her work as an assistant professor in Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Iran, in 2003. She was promoted to associate professor in 2003 and to full professor in 2014. Her research activity is focused on the chemistry, synthesis and applications of heteroplyacids as green solid acid catalysts in organic transformations. Recently, she worked on synthesis of nanostructures based in HPAs and their applications as effective photocaralysts. She has published over 200 peer-reviewed papers in ISI journals and presented more than 180 papers at national and international conferences. In addition to teaching she is engaged in research focused on HPAs from different points of view.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Chemistry, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

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