Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

2nd Edition - October 24, 2013

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  • Authors: Satish Kandlikar, Srinivas Garimella, Dongqing Li, Stephane Colin, Michael King
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081013267
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080983516

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Heat exchangers with minichannel and microchannel flow passages are becoming increasingly popular due to their ability to remove large heat fluxes under single-phase and two-phase applications. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels methodically covers gas, liquid, and electrokinetic flows, as well as flow boiling and condensation, in minichannel and microchannel applications. Examining biomedical applications as well, the book is an ideal reference for anyone involved in the design processes of microchannel flow passages in a heat exchanger.

Key Features

  • Each chapter is accompanied by a real-life case study
  • New edition of the first book that solely deals with heat and fluid flow in minichannels and microchannels
  • Presents findings that are directly useful to designers; researchers can use the information in developing new models or identifying research needs


Mechanical Engineers, Process Engineers, Thermal systems specialists

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction

    1.1 Need for smaller flow passages

    1.2 Flow channel classification

    1.3 Basic heat transfer and pressure drop considerations

    1.4 The potential and special demands of fluidic biological applications

    1.5 Summary

    1.6 Practice problems


    Chapter 2. Single-Phase Gas Flow in Microchannels

    2.1 Rarefaction and wall effects in microflows

    2.2 Gas flow regimes in microchannels

    2.3 Pressure-driven steady slip flows in microchannels

    2.4 Pulsed gas flows in microchannels

    2.5 Thermally driven gas microflows and vacuum generation

    2.6 Heat transfer in microchannels

    2.7 Future research needs

    2.8 Solved examples

    2.9 Practice problems


    Chapter 3. Single-Phase Liquid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Pressure drop in single-phase liquid flow

    3.3 Total pressure drop in a microchannel heat exchanger

    3.4 Roughness effects

    3.5 Heat transfer in microchannels

    3.6 Roughness effects on heat transfer in microchannels and minichannels

    3.7 Heat transfer enhancement with nanofluids

    3.8 Microchannel and minichannel geometry optimization

    3.9 Enhanced microchannels

    3.10 Solved examples

    3.11 Practice problems

    Appendix A


    Chapter 4. Single-Phase Electrokinetic Flow in Microchannels

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Electrical double layer field

    4.3 Electroosmotic flow in microchannels

    4.4 Experimental techniques for studying electroosmotic flow

    4.5 Electroosmotic flow in heterogeneous microchannels

    4.6 AC electroosmotic flow

    4.7 Electrokinetic mixing

    4.8 Electrokinetic sample dispensing

    4.9 Electroosmotic flow with joule heating effects

    4.10 Practice problems


    Chapter 5. Flow Boiling in Minichannels and Microchannels

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Nucleation in minichannels and microchannels

    5.3 Nondimensional numbers used in microchannel flow boiling

    5.4 Flow patterns, instabilities, and heat transfer mechanisms during flow boiling in minichannels and microchannels

    5.5 Critical Heat Flux in microchannels

    5.6 Stabilization of flow boiling in microchannels

    5.7 Predicting heat transfer in microchannels

    5.8 Pressure drop during flow boiling in microchannels and minichannels

    5.9 Adiabatic two-phase flow

    5.10 Practical cooling systems with microchannels

    5.11 Enhanced microchannel flow boiling systems

    5.12 Novel open microchannels with manifold

    5.13 Solved examples

    5.14 Practice problems


    Chapter 6. Condensation in Minichannels and Microchannels

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Flow regimes

    6.3 Void fraction

    6.4 Pressure drop

    6.5 Heat transfer coefficients

    6.6 Conclusions

    6.7 Exercises


    Chapter 7. Biomedical Applications of Microchannel Flows

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Microchannels to probe transient cell adhesion under flow

    7.3 Blood capillaries and “optimal bumpiness” for minimization of flow resistance

    7.4 Circular cross-section microchannels for blood flow research

    7.5 Nanoscale roughness in microtubes: effects on cell adhesion and biological applications

    7.6 Microchannels and minichannels as bioreactors for long-term cell culture

    7.7 Microspherical cavities for cell sorting and tumor growth models

    7.8 Generation of normal forces in cell detachment assays

    7.9 Small-bore microcapillaries to measure cell mechanics and adhesion

    7.10 Solved examples

    7.11 Practice problems


Product details

  • No. of pages: 592
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2013
  • Published: October 24, 2013
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081013267
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080983516

About the Authors

Satish Kandlikar

Satish Kandlikar has been a professor in the mechanical engineering department at Rochester Institute of Technology for the last twenty-one years. He is the founder and Chairman of the Rochester Heat Transfer Chapter of ASME and serves as Heat and History Editor of the internal journal of Heat Transfer Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Rochester Institute of Technology, NY, USA

Srinivas Garimella

Srinivas Garimella is a Professor in the Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is director of the Sustainable Thermal Systems Laboratory, which he founded upon his arrival at Georgia Tech in 2003. Dr. Garimella's research has resulted in over 100 archival journal and refereed conference publications, in addition to five patents on heat pump systems and components.

Affiliations and Expertise

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA

Dongqing Li

Dongqing Li is the Professor of microfluidics and nanofluidics at the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology at the University of Waterloo. Dr. Li has published 210 papers in leading international journals, 10 book chapters and three books. He is the Editor-in-Chief of an international journal Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

Affiliations and Expertise

Waterloo Institute of Nanotechnology, Canada

Stephane Colin

Stéphane Colin is a Professor of mechanical engineering at the National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), in the University of Toulouse, France. In 2008, he received the Hydrotechnic Great Award from the Hydrotechnic Society of France.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France

Michael King

Affiliations and Expertise

Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

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  • Federico M. Mon May 14 2018


    excellent manuscript