Heat Flow Below 100°K and Its Technical Applications - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080120492, 9781483186009

Heat Flow Below 100°K and Its Technical Applications

1st Edition

Proceedings of the International Institute of Refrigeration Commission 1, Grenoble, 1965

Authors: Yong Zhou
eBook ISBN: 9781483186009
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 114
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Description

Heat Flow below 100°K and Its Technical Applications covers the proceedings of the International Institute of Refrigeration. This release serves the purpose of compiling supplementary materials to the published report by Committee 3, entitled Protection against Ionizing Radiation from External Sources. This text is a compilation of 12 appendices that comprise information for employing the recommendations of ICRP Publication 15. These appendices relate to the sources of external radiation encountered in medical, dental, and veterinary radiology, as well as in industry and research. Some of the information included are on the collision stopping power of charged particles; interpolated values of quality factor; and quality factor as a function of charged particle energy. This compendium then presents materials on conversion factors, neutron sources and shielding, and range-energy curves. The last two materials cover the shielding for beta sources and X-ray and gamma-ray shielding. This compilation will cater those interested in the technical applications of heat flow, as well as to those who have read the ICRP Publication 15 and in need of supplementary materials.

Table of Contents


Preface

Amendments to ICRP Publication

Commission Statement on External Sources

List of Figures

List of Tables

Introduction

Appendix 1. Collision Stopping Power of Charged Particles in Water

Collision Stopping Power of Heavy Charged Particles in Water

Collision Stopping Power of Electrons in Water

Appendix 2. Interpolated Values of Quality Factor

Appendix 3. Quality Factor as a Function of Charged Particle Energy

Appendix 4. Calculation of Absorbed Dose and Dose Equivalent Distribution in the Body

Depth-dose Equivalent Calculations for Neutrons and for Very High to Ultra High Energy Protons, Electrons, and Photons

Calculated Depth-dose Data for High to Very High Energy Electrons

Experimental Depth-dose Data for Beta Particles

Experimental Depth-dose Data for Low and High Energy Photons

The Interpretation of Radiation Measurements in Terms of Organ Doses

Depth-dose Equivalent, Conversion Factors, and Effective Quality Factors

Appendix 5. Conversion Factors for Electrons

Appendix 6. Conversion Factors and Effective Quality Factors for Neutrons

Appendix 7. Conversion Factors and Effective Quality Factors for Protons

Appendix 8. Conversion Factors for Photons

Appendix 9. Neutron Sources and Shielding

Accelerator Neutron Sources

Radioactive Neutron Sources

Transmission of Obliquely Incident Neutron Beams

Other Information

Appendix 10. Range-energy Curves

Appendix 11. Shielding for Beta Sources

Appendix 12. X-Ray and Gamma-ray Shielding

Outputs of X-Ray Generators

Outputs of Gamma-ray Sources

Transmission of Primary X Rays and Gamma Rays through Shields

Transmission of Obliquely Incident Beams

Half-value-thicknesses and Tenth-Value-Thicknesses

Shielding Values of Selected Materials for Low Energy X Rays

Scattering of X Rays and Gamma Rays

Transmission of Scatter Radiation through Shields

Transmission of Leakage Radiation through Shields

Shielding for Combined Scatter and Leakage Radiation

Special Problems with High and Very High Energy Electron Accelerators

Formula for Designing X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Shields

Shielding Requirements for Selected Sources

X-Ray Diagnostic Installations

References

General Shielding Bibliography and Information Services

Other ICRP Publications

Details

No. of pages:
114
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1966
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483186009

About the Author

Yong Zhou

Professor Yong Zhou is a recognized expert in the field of non-linear difference equations and their applications in China. He was Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Dynamical Systems and Differential Equations over 2007-2011, and is present Guest Editor at Optimization (T&F), Nonlinear Dynamics and Journal of Vibration and Control (Sage), and at Elsevier former Guest Editor of Computers & Mathematics with Applications over 2010-2012 and Applied Mathematics and Computation over 2014-2015.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, P.R. China.