Heart Failure, An Issue of Critical Nursing Clinics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780323402422, 9780323402439

Heart Failure, An Issue of Critical Nursing Clinics, Volume 27-4

1st Edition

Author: Jennifer Kitchens
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323402422
eBook ISBN: 9780323402439
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 25th November 2015

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Heart failure is the only cardiovascular disease that is increasing. The impact on the critical care environment and the health care system, as a whole, is significant from both a cost and burden to the system perspective. There are 6.5 million hospital days a year and nearly $40 billion dollars in yearly health care costs attributed to heart failure in the United States. There are more Medicare monies spent for diagnosing and treating heart failure than any other Diagnosis Related Group. There is a 24% hospital re-admission rate for this diagnosis which leads to financial implications for health care systems.
The human cost is also significant. Less than half of Americans diagnosed with heart failure survive greater than 5 years. The ongoing health care needs and cost of this chronic disease takes a significant toll on patients’ finances, time and quality of life. Over $2.9 billion dollars is spent annually on the pharmaceutical management of heart failure in the United States. This diagnosis is the leading cause of hospitalization for patients who are 65 years of age and older. Few health care providers in the critical care environment are not affected by heart failure on a routine basis. Caring for these patients and their families is both a challenging and yet a rewarding experience. This edition will provide critical care nurses with a comprehensive heart failure review which is essential in caring for this challenging population given the dynamic health and critical care environments.


© Elsevier 2015
25th November 2015
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Jennifer Kitchens

Affiliations and Expertise

Eskenazi Health, Indianapolis, IN