Health Effects of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster

Health Effects of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster

1st Edition - April 30, 2022

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  • Editors: Kenji Kamiya, Hitoshi Ohto, Masaharu Maeda
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240984
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240991

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Description

Health Effects of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster provides a multidisciplinary retrospective on the health consequences on the population the first decade after the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Sections 1 and 2 of the book begins with an introduction and an overview of the developments surrounding the Fukushima accident. Section 3 discusses topics such as the physical health impact of radiation exposure as well as diseases that resulted from long-term evacuation. Section 4 examines the psychological factors and the social impact of the disaster and how their combined influence affected the physical and mental wellness of the population. The book concludes with Section 5 which covers the mitigation strategy for treatment and care of psychological health issues resulting from the disaster. The book contains expert contributions from those who have first-hand experience in the recovery efforts and are still actively researching the impact of the disaster. Health Effects of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster provides readers with a coherent, multi-dimensional narrative about the physical, psychosocial, and psychological aspects of the decade-long aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

Key Features

  • Provides information based on evidence obtained through scientific methods such as long-term epidemiological surveys and case studies
  • Examines the indirect health impact, especially psychosocial effects, caused by technological disasters like nuclear accidents
  • Includes contributions from experts in the field who participated in the recovery efforts and are currently researching the health impact of the Fukushima disaster

Readership

Health, public health, and mental health professionals; radiological and nuclear emergency preparedness and response community; disaster investigators and researchers

Table of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Section I: Development of Fukushima disaster
  • Chapter 1: Development of Fukushima disaster
  • Abstract
  • Accident
  • Radiation effects
  • Evacuation in early phase
  • Fukushima Health Management Survey
  • Goals of the book
  • References
  • Section II: Physical and radiological effects
  • Chapter 2: Initial turmoil in an emergency setting
  • Abstracts
  • Lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Radiation dose after the disaster
  • Abstract
  • Release of radioactive materials into environment
  • Radiation protection activities in acute phase
  • Radiation protection activities in the chronic phase
  • Radiation dose to the public
  • Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Thyroid ultrasound examination program to address health concerns of Fukushima residents after the nuclear accidents
  • Abstract
  • Thyroid examination in the Fukushima Health Management Survey
  • TUE program outline
  • Informed consent for the TUE program
  • Mental care support
  • Regular results of the TUE program (Table 1)
  • Obvious findings of the TUE program
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Trends in pregnancy and birth after the Great East Japan earthquake and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in the Fukushima prefecture: A 7-year survey
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials and methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Lifestyle-related diseases caused by evacuation: Results of the comprehensive health check in the Fukushima health management survey
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Health effects of atomic bomb radiation in 1945—Epidemiological investigations
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Construction of cohorts, follow-up, and outcomes
  • Evaluation of exposure
  • Major results from atomic bomb survivors
  • Major results from in utero exposed persons
  • Major results from children of survivors (F1)
  • Some special aspects of atomic bomb survivor studies
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Section III: Mental health and psychosocial issues
  • Chapter 8: Posttraumatic stress responses and related issues: A chronological view
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Chronological changes in mental health status
  • Discussion
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Suicide-related issues among affected people
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • General trends in the relationship between disasters and suicide
  • Suicide trend among residents in evacuation order area
  • Standardized mortality ratio of suicide in EOA
  • Disaster-related suicide in Fukushima
  • Perspective for suicide prevention effort after the triple disaster
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Alcohol-related issues among affected people
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Findings from the Fukushima Health Management Survey
  • Fukushima “Alcohol Project”
  • Questionnaire and group intervention for public employees and helping professionals
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Psychological impact on affected children in Fukushima
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Interviews
  • Complex evacuation
  • Reputational damage and discrimination: Support by a homogeneous group
  • Newly revealed problems
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Disaster-related health issues among older adults
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Actual conditions and support for older adults in the Fukushima nuclear disaster
  • Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Psychosocial support for anxiety related to thyroid cancer: A team approach during the secondary confirmatory examination in thyroid ultrasound examination
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Roles of thyroid support team
  • Details of thyroid support
  • Frequently asked questions during the secondary confirmatory examination
  • Recent considerations and tasks of psychosocial support during TUE
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Radiation risk perception after the Fukushima disaster
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Radiation risk perception: Survey/questionnaire items and changing perceptions after the Fukushima disaster
  • Radiation-risk perception: Factors and effects post-Fukushima
  • Perspectives of radiation risk perception studies
  • References
  • Chapter 15: Influence of different media, producing stigma
  • Abstract
  • The rise of the Internet and SNS
  • Dissemination of incorrect news
  • Adherence to misconceptions about heredity and radiation bullying
  • Changes in the way information is received and given over time
  • Future measures
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Crises and resilience among local communities
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Community disruption and resilience after disasters
  • Health promotion activities for reconstruction in Iwaki City
  • Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 17: A comparative study of psychological reactions of the former Soviet Union, Scandinavia, and Fukushima people to nuclear disasters
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Comparative studies of the people’s reaction
  • Analysis of people’s psychological reactions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Section IV: Long-term support
  • Chapter 18: A mother’s work is to worry: Accepting maternal concerns during a health crisis
  • Abstract
  • Background
  • Decline and recovery of pregnancy intention
  • Maternal depression and confidence
  • Listening to concerns
  • Facing another health crisis
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 19: Telephone support
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Structure
  • Results
  • Discussions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 20: The recovery process of the community in Kawauchi Village after the nuclear disaster
  • Abstract
  • Evacuation, return and recovery process of Kawauchi Village
  • Establishment of a Nagasaki University satellite office and risk communication
  • Evaluation of environmental radioactivity in Kawauchi Village
  • Food monitoring system and mushroom map project in Kawauchi
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 21: Posttraumatic responses among outpatients in disaster area: Case reports
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials and methods
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 394
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: April 30, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240984
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240991

About the Editors

Kenji Kamiya

Dr. Kamiya graduated from Hiroshima University School of Medicine in 1977, where he also completed a PhD in Experimental Pathology in 1986. From 1982 to 1987, he held a research appointment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. After joining Hiroshima University’s Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, he worked to advance radiation biology, radiation carcinogenesis, and radiation emergency medicine. In 1996, he became a Professor at Hiroshima University, and served as Director of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine from 2001 to 2005 and 2009 to 2013. He has served as Director of the Radiation Emergency Medicine Promotion Center since 2004 and Vice President of Hiroshima University since 2013. Following Fukushima’s 2011 nuclear accident, he was appointed as a Vice President of Fukushima Medical University, while serving concurrently as a radiation health risk management advisor to the Fukushima Prefectural Government, as well as working as an advisor to the Cabinet Secretariat’s Advisory Group on Nuclear Disasters. In 2016, he became Director of the Radiation Medical Science Center for the Fukushima Health Management Survey at Fukushima Medical University. In 2009, he received the Asian Association of Radiation Research Award, and was awarded the Prime Minister’s Commendation to Contributors for Disaster Prevention in 2012. In 2020, he received the Japanese Radiation Research Society’s JRRS Outstanding Contribution Award, among other awards. He served as President of the Japanese Radiation Research Society (2008-2011), Secretary General of the 15th Annual International Congress on Radiation Research (ICRR2015), and as a member of the Science Council of Japan and a chairman of the board for The Nuclear Regulation Authority’s Radiation Council.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice President, Hiroshima University (HU) and Fukushima Medical University (FMU), Japan

Hitoshi Ohto

Professor Emeritus Ohto is General Vice President of Fukushima Medical University (FMU). He graduated from FMU (MD) in 1977 and finished PhD thesis of medicine in 1984 at the University of Tokyo. His research focuses chiefly on fetomaternal micro-transfusion and its consequences to mother and child, including transmission of pathogens and alloimmune responses. He has studied mother-to-infant transmission of hepatitis viruses, and infantile and maternal microchimerism during and after pregnancy. He has contributed to world-wide transfusion safety initiatives, especially the prevention of transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease, which is uniformly fatal, by introducing universal irradiation of cellular transfusion components at FMU in 1989, first in the world. He guest edited a collection of articles with the theme “Disasters and Transfusion” in an international journal. He has published more than 200 peer-reviewed scientific papers in international top journals. He is currently serving in the Fukushima Health Management Survey as General Vice Director.

Affiliations and Expertise

General Vice President, Fukushima Medical University (FMU), Fukushima, Japan

Masaharu Maeda

Professor Maeda is Professor and Chair of the Department of Disaster Psychiatry at the Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine in Fukushima, Japan. Professor Maeda received his medical degree at Kurume University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan, and completed his residency training in psychiatry at Kurume University Hospital. He later returned to his alma mater in 1996 as Associate Professor, before assuming his current roles. Professor Maeda served as President of Japanese Society of Traumatic Stress Studies from 2009 to 2013. He has been actively involved in providing psychiatric examinations and organizing psychiatric intervention teams for survivors of several major disasters that have occurred in Japan, particularly man-made disasters. Professor Maeda’s current clinical and research interests lie in the widespread psychosocial effects resulting from the Fukushima nuclear accident. As Assistant Manager of the Fukushima Center for Disaster Mental Health, he is leading the Mental Health and Life Style Survey to facilitate the adequate care of resident who are at risk of developing mental health problems following the complicated nuclear accident.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Chair, Department of Disaster Psychiatry, Fukushima Medical University (FMU), School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan

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