Headache and Migraine in Practice

Headache and Migraine in Practice

1st Edition - May 19, 2022

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  • Editors: Mansoureh Togha, Elham Jafari, Hossein Ansari, Samaneh Haghighi, Seyed Mohammadianinejad
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323997294
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323997300

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Headache and Migraine in Practice provides practical and precise approaches to the headaches and facial pains commonly encountered in hospitals and clinics. The book pays specific attention to the clinical features of headaches to present treatment solutions, while also recommending ICHD3 differential diagnoses based on diagnostic criteria. Topics covered were developed by colleagues with expertise in Neurology, Nutrition, Psychiatry, Physical Medicine, and Sports Medicine, thus providing a collaborative authorship that adds interdisciplinary value. Sections cover the diagnosis and treatment of various types of headaches in children, the elderly and women during different periods of pregnancy, lactation and hormone-related stages. This book is recommended for general practitioners, internists, neurologists, headache nurse specialists, and all others who would like to contribute to better diagnoses and more effective treatment plans for patients with headaches and facial pains.

Key Features

  • Provides practical guidance on the diagnosis and treatment of different primary and secondary headaches
  • Includes classifications of headaches according to the latest international headache standards
  • Covers a variety of migraine and headache types, as well as disorders affecting cervical structures and cranial nerves


Neurologists, clinicians, neuroscientists, researchers working in migraine and headache biology

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • Editor-in-chief
  • Acknowledgment
  • Introduction
  • Chapter One. Approach to a patient with headache
  • Introduction
  • History taking in patients with headache
  • Imaging in HA
  • Laboratory and other investigations in headache
  • Chapter Two. Migraine
  • Introduction
  • Important notes
  • Migraine with brainstem aura
  • Hemiplegic migraine
  • Retinal migraine
  • Periodic syndromes associated with migraine
  • Migraine triggers and their management
  • Treatment of acute migraine attack
  • Prophylactic treatment of migraine
  • Chronic migraine
  • Migraine and vertigo
  • Chapter Three. Tension-type headache
  • Introduction
  • Classification
  • Pathophysiology
  • Signs and symptoms
  • TTH in children
  • TTH in the elderly
  • Aggravating factors
  • Diagnosis
  • Acute treatment
  • Prophylactic treatment
  • Nonpharmacological TTH treatments
  • Electromyographic biofeedback
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Relaxation training
  • Other physical therapies
  • Acupuncture
  • Chapter Four. Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia
  • Introduction
  • Cluster headache
  • Paroxysmal hemicrania
  • Hemicrania continua
  • Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache
  • Chapter Five. Other primary headaches
  • Introduction
  • Primary stabbing headache
  • Primary exercise headache
  • Primary cough headache
  • Headache associated with sexual activity
  • Cold stimulus headache
  • External pressure headache
  • Nummular headache
  • Hypnic headache
  • New daily persistent headache
  • Chapter Six(a). Headache attributed to trauma
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Pathophysiology of posttraumatic headache
  • Treatment
  • Chapter Six(b). Headache attributed to cranial and/or cervical vascular disorder
  • Introduction
  • Headache attributed to cerebral ischemia
  • Headache attributed to nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Headache attributed to arteriovenous malformation
  • Headache attributed to intracranial endovascular procedures
  • Headache attributed to subdural hemorrhage
  • Headache attributed to intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Headache attributed to cervical carotid or vertebral artery dissection
  • Headache attributed to reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome
  • Headache attributed to cerebral venous thrombosis
  • Chapter Six(c). Thunderclap headache
  • Introduction
  • Causes of thunderclap headache
  • SAH
  • Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome
  • Vertebral and carotid artery dissection
  • Spontaneous intracranial hypotension
  • Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis
  • Primary thunderclap headache
  • Chapter Six(d). Headaches related to alteration in the cerebrospinal fluid pressure
  • Headache attributed to idiopathic intracranial hypertension
  • Headache attributed to low cerebrospinal fluid pressure
  • Chapter Six(e). Medication overuse headache
  • Introduction
  • How it clinically manifests?
  • What is the pathophysiologic process causing MOH?
  • Are acute symptomatic medications the same in producing MOH?
  • Who is at more risk for MOH?
  • How to diagnose a patient with MOH?
  • What differentials should be considered before the diagnosis of MOH?
  • How to manage MOH?
  • Chapter Six(f). Headache attributed to infection
  • Introduction
  • Pathophysiology of headache
  • Headache attributed to intracranial infection
  • Headache attributed to systemic infection
  • Postinfectious headache
  • Chapter Six(g). Headache attributed to disorders of homoeostasis
  • Metabolic (systemic) headaches
  • Headache attributed to hypoxia and/or hypercapnia/hypercapnia
  • High-altitude headache
  • Airplane travel headache
  • Diving headache
  • Sleep apnea headache
  • Dialysis headache
  • Headache attributed to arterial hypertension
  • Headache attributed to preeclampsia and eclampsia
  • Headache attributed to autonomic dysreflexia
  • Headache attributed to hypothyroidism
  • Cardiac cephalgia
  • Headache attributed to fasting
  • Headache and hypercalcemia
  • Drug-induced headaches
  • Chapter Six(h). Headache or facial pain attributed to disorder of the cranium, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, teeth, mouth, or other facial structure
  • Introduction
  • Headache attributed to disorders of cranial bone
  • Headache related to ophthalmologic disorder
  • Headache attributed to disorder of the ears
  • Headache attributed to temporomandibular joint disorders
  • Headache attributed to disorder of the nose or paranasal sinuses
  • Headache attributed to dental or other mouth disorders
  • Chapter Six(i). Cervicogenic headache
  • Introduction
  • Epidemiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Diagnosis
  • Differential diagnosis of cervicogenic headache
  • Treatment of cervicogenic headache
  • Chapter Seven. Headache attributed to psychiatric disorder
  • Introduction
  • Bidirectional relationship of headache and mental disorders
  • The relation between common types of headache and psychological factors
  • Headache in children and adolescents
  • Personality and headache
  • Suicide and headache
  • Diagnostic approaches and treatment strategies
  • Summary
  • Chapter EIGHT. Painful lesions of the cranial nerves and other facial pain
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Medical treatment
  • Surgical treatments
  • Glossopharyngeal neuralgia
  • Postherpetic neuralgia
  • Occipital neuralgia
  • Chapter Nine. Pediatric headache
  • Introduction
  • Epidemiology
  • Diagnosis of primary and secondary headaches
  • Management of headache
  • Chapter Ten. Headache in women
  • Introduction
  • Migraine and menstruation
  • Headache and contraception
  • Headache and pregnancy
  • Important secondary headaches in pregnancy
  • Primary headaches
  • Migraine and menopause
  • Chapter Eleven. Headache in the elderly
  • Introduction
  • Sleep apnea headache
  • Giant cell arteritis
  • Diagnostic interventions
  • Treatment
  • Chapter Twelve. Headaches attributed to COVID-19 infection
  • Introduction
  • Unremitting headache after recovery
  • Headache after vaccination for COVID-19
  • Headache in COVID-19 era caused by lifestyle changes
  • Suggestions for headache management
  • Chapter Thirteen(a). Approach to cervicogenic headache from the perspective of physical medicine
  • Epidemiology and pathophysiology
  • History and physical examination
  • Imaging studies
  • Differential diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Rehabilitation
  • Chapter Thirteen(b). Headache and exercise
  • Introduction
  • Other helpful exercises to relieve headaches
  • Wall test
  • Mirror test
  • Correct posture while working on the computer (Fig. 13b.3)
  • Some exercises for neck posture correction
  • Five simple exercises to relieve headaches [17]
  • Chapter Fourteen. Role of diet, food, and nutrition in prevention and treatment of headache
  • Introduction
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix 1
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 392
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: May 19, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323997294
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323997300

About the Editors

Mansoureh Togha

Dr. Togha has 25 years’ experience in academic teaching. She studied general medicine at Shiraz University and is board certified in neurology from Tehran University of Medical Sciences. She is now a professor of neurology at the Tehran University of Medical Sciences. She teaches medical students and neurology residents and has received the Avicenna, Hakim Jorjani Award as one of the best university teachers in the field of education. Dr. Togha’s main clinical and research interests are diagnosis and management of headache and facial pain disorders. She has co-authored more than 140 articles and 5 neurology books so far, and is among the most highly cited neurologists in Iran. She is the founder and president of the Iranian Headache Society and the organizer of the headache fellowship in Iran. She is also the editor of the headache section of the Iranian Journal of Neurology. She is actively involved in several domestic and international professional associations, including the International Headache Association (IHS) and the European Headache Federation and has presented at many national and international conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Neurology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran; Founder and President, Iranian Headache Society and the organizer of the Headache fellowship, Iran

Elham Jafari

Dr Elham Jafari studied general medicine at Tehran University and was board certificated in neurology in 2011 by Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Sina Hospital. She is an active member and site administrator of the Iranian Headache Association. Dr. Jafari is especially interested in clinical and research work in the field of headache. She has presented in several national and international conferences in the field of headache.

Affiliations and Expertise

Active Member and Site Administrator, Iranian Headache Association, Iran

Hossein Ansari

Dr. Ansari is Associate professor of Neuroscience and Director of Headache Clinic at the University of San Diego, California. He has been based at the University of California, San Diego since 2015 when he established the university’s Headache and Facial Pain Clinic. He now serves as director, alongside his appointment as an Associate Professor of Neuroscience and his teaching and patient care duties. In July 2020 Dr. Ansari joined the Kaizen Brain Center in La Jolla to develop a Headache Clinic and Facial Pain Clinic, and additionally expand the concussion and traumatic brain injury (TBI) unit. Before his move to California, he created a multidisciplinary Headache Clinic at Neurology and Neuroscience Associates (NNA) in Akron Ohio, where he then served as Medical Director. He is actively involved in multiple domestic and international professional societies including the International Headache Society (IHS) and has presented in numerous national and international conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Neuroscience and Director, Headache clinic University of California, San Diego, California, USA

Samaneh Haghighi

Dr. Samaneh Haghighi is an assistant professor of neurology at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Sina Hospital. She is a board-certified neurologist and completed an epilepsy fellowship at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. She is an active member of the Iranian Headache Association and has presented at several national and international conferences in the field of headache. In 2018, Dr. Haghighi was executive secretary of the 6th European Headache Federation School of Advanced Studies (EHF-SAS) Headache School.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor of Neurology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Sina Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Seyed Mohammadianinejad

Dr. Mohammadianinejad is an associate professor of neurology at Tehran University of Medical Sciences and researcher at the research center of Imam Khomeini Hospital. He was board certified in neurology in 1999 and completed a fellowship in multiple sclerosis in 2017. Dr. Mohammadianinejad has been an active member of the Iranian Headache Society (IHS) for the last six years, working on scientific activities in collaboration with colleagues in the society. He has also been a lecturer and/or active participant at several national and international headache meetings and symposiums. His special interests are in the areas of headache and multiple sclerosis, and he has published several articles in collaboration with colleagues in peer-reviewed journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Neurology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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  • Hosein M. Thu Aug 18 2022


    Very practical book