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Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444521446, 9780080548586

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Volume 37

1st Edition

Optical Spectroscopy

Series Volume Editors: Karl Gschneidner Jr. Jean-Claude Bünzli Vitalij Pecharsky
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444521446
eBook ISBN: 9780080548586
Imprint: North Holland
Published Date: 12th July 2007
Page Count: 558
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Table of Contents

Contents of Volumes 1-36
Index of Contents of Volumes 1-37
Dedication to Professor Bill Carnall (J. Beitz, and G. Liu)
231. Ab-initio Calculation of Energy Levels and Transition Intensities for 4fn and 4fn+1 5d Configurations (K. Ogasawara, M. Brik, and T. Ishii)
232. 4f^n - 4f^(n-1) 5d Transitions(G. Burdick, and M. Reid)
233. Spectroscopic Properties of Lanthanides in Nano-materials (G.i Liu, and X. Chen)
234. Lanthanide Chelates as Luminescent Labels in Biomedical Analyses (T. Nishioka, K. Fukui and K. Matsumoto)
235. Lanthanide Near-Infrared Luminescence in Molecular Probes and Devices (S. Comby, and J.-C. Bünzli)
Author Index
Subject Index


Optical spectroscopy has been instrumental in the discovery of many lanthanide elements. In return, these elements have always played a prominent role in lighting devices and light conversion technologies (Auer mantles, incandescent lamps, lasers, cathode-ray and plasma displays). They are also presently used in highly sensitive luminescent bio-analyses and cell imaging. This volume of the Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths is entirely devoted to the photophysical properties of these elements. It is dedicated to the late Professor William T (Bill) Carnall who has pioneered the understanding of lanthanide spectra in the 1960’s and starts with a Dedication to this scientist. The following five chapters describe various aspects of lanthanide spectroscopy and its applications. Chapters 231 presents state-of-the-art theoretical calculations of lanthanide energy levels and transition intensities. It is followed by a review (Chapter 232) on both theoretical and experimental aspects of f-d transitions, a less well known field of lanthanide spectroscopy, yet very important for the design of new optical materials. Chapter 233 describes how confinement effects act on the photophysical properties of lanthanides when they are inserted into nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanosheets, nanowires, nanotubes, insulating and semiconductor nanocrystals. The use of lanthanide chelates for biomedical analyses is presented in Chapter 234; long lifetimes of the excited states of lanthanide ions allow the use of time-resolved spectroscopy, which leads to highly sensitive analyses devoid of background effect from the autofluorescence of the samples. The last review (Chapter 235) provides a comprehensive survey of near-infrared (NIR) emitting molecular probes and devices, spanning an all range of compounds, from simple chelates to macrocyclic complexes, heterometallic functional edifices, coordination polymers and other extended structures. Applications ranging from telecommunications to light-emitting diodes and biomedical analyses are assessed.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive look at optical spectroscopy and its applications
    - A volume in the continuing authoritative series which deals with the chemistry, materials science, physics and technology of the rare earth elements


Researchers working on rare earth materials, Rare earth industry, University libraries, Research institutions


No. of pages:
© North Holland 2007
12th July 2007
North Holland
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Series Volume Editors

Karl Gschneidner Jr.

Gschneidner has published over 485 journal articles and chapters in books and edited or written 40 books on the chemistry, materials science, and physics or rare earth materials. He was the founder of the Rare-earth Information Center and served as its Director for 30 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Iowa State University, Ames, USA

Jean-Claude Bünzli

Jean-Claude Bünzli

J.-C. Bünzli was educated as a physico-chemical inorganic chemist (BSc and PhD at EPFL; postdocs at UBC, Canada and ETH Zürich). He started to work on lanthanide coordination chemistry in 1975 at the University of Lausanne and was promoted full professor in 1980. In 2001 he transferred to EPFL where he founded the Laboratory of Lanthanide Supramolecular Chemistry. After studying the solvation of lanthanide ions by innovative experimental techniques, he turned to macrocyclic and supramolecular chemistry, focusing on self-assembly processes. In parallel he kept interest in the relationship between luminescence and structure, developing several luminescent materials, including ionic liquids, liquid crystals, and nanoparticles. All this led to the design of rugged and sensitive luminescent bioprobes for the detection of markers expressed by cancerous cells and tissues. Lately he has expanded this aspect of his research by collaborating with several groups in Australia and China. Selected as World Class University professor at Korea University during 2009-2013, he has since been working at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, UTS (Sydney), HKBU (Hong Kong), and SUSTech (Shenzhen). He has also been invited professor at ten different universities in China, Japan, France, Belgium, and the U.K. He has been elected dean of the Faculty of Science (1990-1991) and Vice-president of the University of Lausanne (1991-1995) and as such implemented the Erasmus program in Switzerland. He also acted as expert on several review committees in China, France, Norway, Switzerland, Ireland, Italy, Finland, UK, and USA. He is the founder (1989) and president of the European Rare Earth and Actinide Society and co-editor of the Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths. He has published 330 WOS papers (>27 300 cites, h factor =78).

Affiliations and Expertise

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland

Vitalij Pecharsky

Vitalij Pecharsky

V.K. Pecharsky received a combined BSc/MSc degree in Chemistry (1976) and a PhD degree in Inorganic Chemistry (1979) from Lviv State University (now Ivan Franko National University of Lviv) in Ukraine. He held a faculty appointment at the Department of Inorganic Chemistry at Lviv State University between 1979 and 1993, after which he moved to Ames, Iowa, where he became a staff member at the U.S. Department of Energy Ames Laboratory. In 1998 he accepted a faculty position at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Iowa State University, while remaining associated with Ames Laboratory. He was named an Anson Marston Distinguished Professor of Engineering in 2006. He also serves as a Faculty Scientists, Field Work Project Leader, and Group Leader at Ames Laboratory. While in Lviv, V. Pecharsky was studying phase relationships and crystallography of ternary intermetallic compounds containing rare earths. After moving to Ames his research interests shifted to examining composition-structure-physical property relationship of rare-earth intermetallic compounds. Together with Karl Gschneidner, Jr., he discovered a new class of materials that exhibit the giant magnetocaloric effect in 1997, triggering worldwide interest in caloric materials and caloric cooling, which promises to become an energy-efficient, environmentally-friendly alternative to conventional vapor-compression approach. Today his research interest include synthesis, structure, experimental thermodynamics, physical and chemical properties of intermetallic compounds containing rare-earth metals; anomalous behavior of 4f-electron systems; magnetostructural phase transformations; physical properties of ultra-pure rare earth metals; caloric materials and systems; hydrogen storage materials; mechanochemistry, mechanically induced solid-state reactions and mechanochemical transformations. He organized the 28th Rare Earth Research Conference in Ames, Iowa in 2017. He serves as co-editor of the Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths and senior editor of the Journal of Alloys and Compounds. He has published over 500 WOS papers (>22 600 cites, h factor = 60).

Affiliations and Expertise

Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA