Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9781895198867, 9781927885017

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization

2nd Edition

Authors: George Wypych
eBook ISBN: 9781927885017
Hardcover ISBN: 9781895198867
Imprint: ChemTec Publishing
Published Date: 20th March 2015
Page Count: 430
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Description

This book, the second edition of the first monograph fully devoted to UV degradation and stabilization ever published in English, has 12 chapters discussing different aspects of UV related phenomena occurring when polymeric materials are exposed to UV radiation.

In the introduction the existing literature has been reviewed to find out how plants, animals and humans protect themselves against UV radiation. This review permits evaluation of mechanisms of protection against UV used by living things and potential application of these mechanisms in protection of natural and synthetic polymeric materials. This is followed by chapters with a more detailed look at more specific aspects of UV degradation and stabilization.

Key Features

  • A practical and up-to-date reference guide for engineers and scientists designing with plastics, and formulating plastics materials
  • Explains the effects of UV light on plastics, and how to mitigate its effects through the use of UV stabilizers
  • Surveys the range of UV stabilizers on the market, and provides advice on their selection and use

Readership

Plastics engineers, product designers, materials scientists. Core sectors – construction, consumer goods (e.g., toys, cosmetics), automotive/aerospace.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION
  • Chapter 2: PHOTOPHYSICS
    • 2.1 NATURE OF RADIATION
    • 2.2 ABSORPTION OF RADIATION BY MATERIALS
    • 2.3 FATE AND UTILIZATION OF ABSORBED ENERGY
    • 2.4 RADIATIVE PROCESSES INVOLVING DIMERS
    • 2.5 MODELING AND PHOTOPHYSICAL DATA
    • 2.6 ILLUSTRATING EXAMPLES
  • Chapter 3: MECHANISMS OF UV STABILIZATION
    • 3.1 ABSORPTION, REFLECTION, AND REFRACTION
    • 3.2 ENERGY DISSIPATION
    • 3.3 RADICAL DEACTIVATION AND RETARDING PROPAGATION OF REACTIONS CHAIN
    • 3.4 SINGLET OXYGEN QUENCHING
    • 3.5 DEGREE OF HINDRANCE
    • 3.6 ANTIOXIDATION
    • 3.7 PEROXIDE AND HYDROPEROXIDE DECOMPOSITION
    • 3.8 ACID NEUTRALIZATION
    • 3.9 REPAIRING DEFECTS CAUSED BY DEGRADATION
    • 3.10 SYNERGISM
    • 3.11 ANTAGONISM
    • 3.12 EFFECT OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
  • Chapter 4: UV STABILIZERS
    • 4.1 ORGANIC UV ABSORBERS
    • 4.2 PARTICULATE UV SCREENERS
    • 4.3 FIBER
    • 4.4 HINDERED AMINE STABILIZERS
    • 4.5 PHENOLIC ANTIOXIDANTS
    • 4.6 PHOSPHITES AND PHOSPHONITES
    • 4.7 THIOSYNERGISTS
    • 4.8 AMINES
    • 4.9 QUENCHER
    • 4.10 OPTICAL BRIGHTENERS
    • 4.11 SYNERGISTIC MIXTURES OF STABILIZERS
  • Chapter 5: STABILITY OF UV STABILIZERS
    • 5.1 UV DEGRADATION
    • 5.2 ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
    • 5.3 CHEMICAL REACTIVITY
    • 5.4 VOLATILITY
    • 5.5 EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE
    • 5.6 OXYGEN PARTIAL PRESSURE
    • 5.7 POLLUTANTS
    • 5.8 ACID NEUTRALIZATION
    • 5.9 RADICAL ATTACK
    • 5.10 DIFFUSION AND MIGRATION
    • 5.11 GRAFTING
    • 5.12 POLYMERIZATION AND COPOLYMERIZATION
    • 5.13 EFFECT OF PESTICIDES
    • 5.14 COMPLEXATION AND LIGAND FORMATION
    • 5.15 EXCITED STATE INTERACTIONS
    • 5.16 SOL-GEL PROTECTIVE COATINGS
    • 5.17 INTERACTION WITH PIGMENTS
    • 5.18 GAS FADING
    • 5.19 EFFECT OF STRESS
  • Chapter 6: PRINCIPLES OF STABILIZER SELECTION
    • 6.1 POLARITY
    • 6.2 ACID/BASE INTERACTION
    • 6.3 HYDROGEN BONDING
    • 6.4 PROCESS TEMPERATURE
    • 6.5 COLOR
    • 6.6 PART THICKNESS
    • 6.7 VOLATILITY, DIFFUSION, MIGRATION, AND EXTRACTION
    • 6.8 FOOD CONTACT
    • 6.9 THERMAL STABILIZING PERFORMANCE
    • 6.10 STATE
  • Chapter 7: UV DEGRADATION & STABILIZATION OF POLYMERS & RUBBERS
    • 7.1 POLYMERS
    • 7.2 RUBBERS
  • Chapter 8: UV DEGRADATION & STABILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
    • 8.1 ADHESIVES
    • 8.2 AEROSPACE
    • 8.3 AGRICULTURE
    • 8.4 AUTOMOTIVE
    • 8.5 BIOLOGY
    • 8.6 COATED FABRICS
    • 8.7 COATINGS AND PAINTS
    • 8.8 COIL-COATED MATERIALS
    • 8.9 COSMETICS
    • 8.10 DENTAL
    • 8.11 DOOR AND WINDOW PROFILES
    • 8.12 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • 8.13 FIBERS AND YARNS
    • 8.14 FILMS
    • 8.15 FISHING NETS
    • 8.16 FOAMS
    • 8.17 FOOD
    • 8.18 FURNITURE
    • 8.19 GEOSYNTHETICS
    • 8.20 GLAZING
    • 8.21 MEDICAL SUPPLIES
    • 8.22 OPTICAL FIBERS
    • 8.23 PHARMACEUTICALS
    • 8.24 PIPES AND TUBING
    • 8.25 PULP AND PAPER
    • 8.26 RAILWAY MATERIALS
    • 8.27 ROTATIONAL MOLDED PRODUCTS
    • 8.28 ROOFING MATERIALS
    • 8.29 SEALANTS
    • 8.30 SHEETS
    • 8.31 SIDING
    • 8.32 SOLAR CELLS AND SOLAR ENERGY APPLICATIONS
    • 8.33 SPORTING EQUIPMENT
    • 8.34 TAPES
    • 8.35 TEXTILES
    • 8.36 WINDSHIELD
    • 8.37 WIRE AND CABLE
    • 8.38 WOOD
  • Chapter 9: FOCUS TECHNOLOGY – SUNSCREENS
    • 9.1 INTRODUCTION AND HISTORY OF SUNSCREENS
    • 9.2 PHOTOREACTIONS OF UV ABSORBERS IN COSMETIC SUNSCREENS
    • 9.3 WAYS OF PHOTOSTABILIZATION IN SUNSCREEN PRODUCTS
    • 9.4 FORMULATING FOR PHOTOSTABILITY
    • 9.5 SUMMARY
  • Chapter 10: UV STABILIZERS AND OTHER COMPONENTS OF FORMULATIONS
  • Chapter 11: ANALYTICAL METHODS IN UV DEGRADATION AND STABILIZATION STUDIES
    • 11.1 QUALITY CONTROL OF UV STABILIZERS
    • 11.2 LIFETIME PREDICTION
    • 11.3 MOLECULAR WEIGHT
    • 11.4 COLOR CHANGE
    • 11.5 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
    • 11.6 MICROSCOPY
    • 11.7 IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENT
    • 11.8 SURFACE ROUGHNESS
    • 11.9 IMAGING TECHNIQUES
    • 11.10 CHROMATOGRAPHY
    • 11.11 SPECTROSCOPY
    • 11.12 HYDROPEROXIDE DETERMINATION
  • Chapter 12: UV STABILIZERS – HEALTH & SAFETY
    • 12.1 TOXIC SUBSTANCE CONTROL
    • 12.2 CARCINOGENIC EFFECT
    • 12.3 WORKPLACE EXPOSURE LIMITS
    • 12.4 FOOD REGULATORY ACTS
  • INDEX

Details

No. of pages:
430
Language:
English
Copyright:
© ChemTec Publishing 2015
Published:
Imprint:
ChemTec Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9781927885017
Hardcover ISBN:
9781895198867

About the Author

George Wypych

George Wypych has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research and development. He has published 18 books, 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability and the development of sealants and coatings.

Affiliations and Expertise

ChemTec Publishing, Ontario, Canada

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