Description

In the last ten years the neuroscience of language has matured as a field. Ten years ago, neuroimaging was just being explored for neurolinguistic questions, whereas today it constitutes a routine component. At the same time there have been significant developments in linguistic and psychological theory that speak to the neuroscience of language. This book consolidates those advances into a single reference. The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language provides a comprehensive overview of this field. Divided into five sections, section one discusses methods and techniques including clinical assessment approaches, methods of mapping the human brain, and a theoretical framework for interpreting the multiple levels of neural organization that contribute to language comprehension. Section two discusses the impact imaging techniques (PET, fMRI, ERPs, electrical stimulation of language cortex, TMS) have made to language research. Section three discusses experimental approaches to the field, including disorders at different language levels in reading as well as writing and number processing. Additionally, chapters here present computational models, discuss the role of mirror systems for language, and cover brain lateralization with respect to language. Part four focuses on language in special populations, in various disease processes, and in developmental disorders. The book ends with a listing of resources in the neuroscience of language and a glossary of items and concepts to help the novice become acquainted with the field. Editors Stemmer & Whitaker prepared this book to reflect recent developments in neurolinguistics, moving the book squarely into the cognitive neuroscience of language and capturing the developments in the field over the past 7 years.

Key Features

* History section focuses on topics that play a current role in neurolinguistics research, aphasia syndromes, and lesion analysis * Includes section on neuroimaging to reflect the dramatic changes in methodology over the past decade * Experimental and clinical section reflects recent developments in the field

Readership

Researchers and clinicians in neuropsychology, neuro- and psycholinguistics. Libraries and hospitals.

Table of Contents

PART I – Methods and Techniques 1. Classical and Contemporary Assessment of Aphasia and Acquired Disorders of Language 2. The Hypothesis Testing Approach to the Assessment of Language 3. The Intracarotid Amobarbital Test (Wada Test) and Complementary Procedures to Evaluate Language Before Epilepsy Surgery 4. Architectonic Language Research 5. Microgenesis of Language: Vertical Integration of Linguistic Mechanisms Across the Neuroaxis 6. A Brief Introduction to Common Neuroimaging Techniques PART II – Neuroimaging of Language 7. PET Research of Language 8. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Research of Language 9. Event-Related Potentials in the Study of Language 10. Direct Electrical Stimulation of Language Cortex 11. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) as a Tool for Studying Language PART III – Experimental Neuroscience of Language and Communication 12. Disorders of Phonetics and Phonology 13. Impaired Morphological Processing 14. Disorders of Lexis 15. Disorders of Syntax 16. The Neural Bases of Text and Discourse Processing 17. Neuropragmatics: Disorders and Neural Systems 18. The Role of Memory Systems in Disorders of Language 19. The Relation of Human Language to Human Emotion 20. Acquired Reading and Writing Disorders 21. Number Processing 22. Neurolinguistic Computational Models 23. Mirror Neurons and Language 24. Lateralization of Language Across the Life Span 25. Interhemispheric Interaction in the Lateralized Brain PART IV – Clinical Neuroscience of Language

Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2008
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080564913
Print ISBN:
9780080453521
Print ISBN:
9781483299693

About the editors

Brigitte Stemmer

Affiliations and Expertise

Canada Research Chair in Neuroscience and Neuropragmatics, Université de Montréal, Canada

Harry Whitaker

Affiliations and Expertise

Northern Michigan University, Marquette, USA