Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language

Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language

1st Edition - March 19, 2008

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  • Editors: Brigitte Stemmer, Harry Whitaker
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080453521
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080564913

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Description

In the last ten years the neuroscience of language has matured as a field. Ten years ago, neuroimaging was just being explored for neurolinguistic questions, whereas today it constitutes a routine component. At the same time there have been significant developments in linguistic and psychological theory that speak to the neuroscience of language. This book consolidates those advances into a single reference. The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language provides a comprehensive overview of this field. Divided into five sections, section one discusses methods and techniques including clinical assessment approaches, methods of mapping the human brain, and a theoretical framework for interpreting the multiple levels of neural organization that contribute to language comprehension. Section two discusses the impact imaging techniques (PET, fMRI, ERPs, electrical stimulation of language cortex, TMS) have made to language research. Section three discusses experimental approaches to the field, including disorders at different language levels in reading as well as writing and number processing. Additionally, chapters here present computational models, discuss the role of mirror systems for language, and cover brain lateralization with respect to language. Part four focuses on language in special populations, in various disease processes, and in developmental disorders. The book ends with a listing of resources in the neuroscience of language and a glossary of items and concepts to help the novice become acquainted with the field. Editors Stemmer & Whitaker prepared this book to reflect recent developments in neurolinguistics, moving the book squarely into the cognitive neuroscience of language and capturing the developments in the field over the past 7 years.

Key Features

  • History section focuses on topics that play a current role in neurolinguistics research, aphasia syndromes, and lesion analysis
  • Includes section on neuroimaging to reflect the dramatic changes in methodology over the past decade
  • Experimental and clinical section reflects recent developments in the field

Readership

Researchers and clinicians in neuropsychology, neuro- and psycholinguistics. Libraries and hospitals.

Table of Contents

  • PART I – Methods and Techniques

    1. Classical and Contemporary Assessment of Aphasia and Acquired Disorders of Language
    2. The Hypothesis Testing Approach to the Assessment of Language
    3. The Intracarotid Amobarbital Test (Wada Test) and Complementary Procedures to Evaluate Language Before Epilepsy Surgery
    4. Architectonic Language Research
    5. Microgenesis of Language: Vertical Integration of Linguistic Mechanisms Across the Neuroaxis
    6. A Brief Introduction to Common Neuroimaging Techniques

    PART II – Neuroimaging of Language

    7. PET Research of Language
    8. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Research of Language
    9. Event-Related Potentials in the Study of Language
    10. Direct Electrical Stimulation of Language Cortex
    11. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) as a Tool for Studying Language

    PART III – Experimental Neuroscience of Language and Communication

    12. Disorders of Phonetics and Phonology
    13. Impaired Morphological Processing
    14. Disorders of Lexis
    15. Disorders of Syntax
    16. The Neural Bases of Text and Discourse Processing
    17. Neuropragmatics: Disorders and Neural Systems
    18. The Role of Memory Systems in Disorders of Language
    19. The Relation of Human Language to Human Emotion
    20. Acquired Reading and Writing Disorders
    21. Number Processing
    22. Neurolinguistic Computational Models
    23. Mirror Neurons and Language
    24. Lateralization of Language Across the Life Span
    25. Interhemispheric Interaction in the Lateralized Brain

    PART IV – Clinical Neuroscience of Language

    A. Language in Special Populations and in Various Disease Processes
    26. Acute Aphasias
    27. Language in Dementia
    28. Frontal Lobes and Language
    29. The Torque Defines the Four Quadrants of the Human Language Circuit and the Nuclear Symptoms of Schizophrenia Identify Their Component Functions
    30. Stuttering and Dysfluency
    31. Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Model for Understanding the Relationship Between Language and Memory
    32. Subcortical Language Mechanisms
    33. Language and Communication Disorders in Multilinguals
    34. Language and Communication in Aging

    B. Language and Communication in Developmental Disorders

    35. Acquired Epileptiform Aphasia or Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: Clinical and Linguistic Aspects
    36. Language and Communication in Williams Syndrome
    37. Language and Communication Disorders in Autism and Asperger Syndrome

    C. Recovery from, Treatment and Rehabilitation of Language and Communication Disorders

    38. Spontaneous Recovery of Aphasia
    39. Therapeutic Approaches in Aphasia Rehabilitation
    40. The Pharmacological Treatment of Aphasia
    41. Recovery and Treatment of Acquired Reading and Spelling Disorders
    42. The Role of Electronic Devices in the Rehabilitation of Language Disorders

    PART V – Resources
    43. Resources in the Neuroscience of Language: A Listing

Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2008
  • Published: March 19, 2008
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080453521
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080564913

About the Editors

Brigitte Stemmer

Affiliations and Expertise

Canada Research Chair in Neuroscience and Neuropragmatics, Université de Montréal, Canada

Harry Whitaker

Affiliations and Expertise

Northern Michigan University, Marquette, USA

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