Handbook of Solid-State Lasers

Handbook of Solid-State Lasers

Materials, Systems and Applications

1st Edition - February 20, 2013

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  • Editors: B Denker, E Shklovsky
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097507
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092724

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Description

Solid-state lasers which offer multiple desirable qualities, including enhanced reliability, robustness, efficiency and wavelength diversity, are absolutely indispensable for many applications. The Handbook of solid-state lasers reviews the key materials, processes and applications of solid-state lasers across a wide range of fields.Part one begins by reviewing solid-state laser materials. Fluoride laser crystals, oxide laser ceramics, crystals and fluoride laser ceramics doped by rare earth and transition metal ions are discussed alongside neodymium, erbium and ytterbium laser glasses, and nonlinear crystals for solid-state lasers. Part two then goes on to explore solid-state laser systems and their applications, beginning with a discussion of the principles, powering and operation regimes for solid-state lasers. The use of neodymium-doped materials is considered, followed by system sizing issues with diode-pumped quasi-three level materials, erbium glass lasers, and microchip, fiber, Raman and cryogenic lasers. Laser mid-infrared systems, laser induced breakdown spectroscope and the clinical applications of surgical solid-state lasers are also explored. The use of solid-state lasers in defense programs is then reviewed, before the book concludes by presenting some environmental applications of solid-state lasers.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, the Handbook of solid-state lasers is an authoritative guide for all those involved in the design and application of this technology, including laser and materials scientists and engineers, medical and military professionals, environmental researchers, and academics working in this field.

Key Features

  • Reviews the materials used in solid-state lasers
  • Explores the principles of solid-state laser systems and their applications
  • Considers defence and environmental applications

Readership

Laser scientists, engineers and professionals using lasers for medical applications, environmental applications, military applications and material processing.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials

    Foreword

    Preface

    Part I: Solid-state laser materials

    Chapter 1: Oxide laser crystals doped with rare earth and transition metal ions

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Laser-active ions

    1.3 Host lattices

    1.4 Laser medium geometry

    1.5 Rare earth-doped sesquioxides

    1.6 Mode-locked sesquioxide lasers

    1.7 Future trends

    Chapter 2: Fluoride laser crystals

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Crystal growth, structural, optical and thermo-mechanical properties of the most important fluoride crystals

    2.3 Pr3 + doped crystals for RGB video-projection and quantum information experiments

    2.4 Yb3+ doped fluorides for ultra-short and high-power laser chains

    2.5 Undoped crystals for nonlinear optics and ultra-short pulse lasers

    Chapter 3: Oxide laser ceramics

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Ceramics preparation

    3.3 Physical properties of oxide laser ceramics

    3.4 Solid-state lasers using oxide ceramic elements

    3.5 Conclusion

    3.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 4: Fluoride laser ceramics

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Fluoride powders: chemistry problems and relevant technology processes

    4.3 Fluoride ceramics as optical medium

    4.4 Development of the fluoride laser ceramics synthesis protocol

    4.5 Microstructure, spectral luminescence and lasing properties

    4.6 CaF2:Yb3 + system

    4.7 Prospective compositions for fluoride laser ceramics

    4.8 Conclusion

    4.9 Acknowledgments

    4.10 Note to the reader

    Chapter 5: Neodymium, erbium and ytterbium laser glasses

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 The history of laser glasses

    5.3 Commercial laser glasses

    5.4 Modern neodymium and erbium laser glasses

    5.5 Ytterbium glasses

    5.6 Future trends in glass-based laser materials

    Chapter 6: Nonlinear crystals for solid-state lasers

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Second-order frequency conversion

    6.3 Nonlinear crystal development

    6.4 Nonlinear crystals: current status and future trends

    6.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Part II: Solid-state laser systems and their applications

    Chapter 7: Principles of solid-state lasers

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Amplification of radiation

    7.3 Optical amplifiers

    7.4 Laser resonators

    7.5 Model of laser operation

    7.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 8: Powering solid-state lasers

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Safety

    8.3 Flashlamp pumping

    8.4 Laser diode pumping

    8.5 Control features

    8.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 9: Operation regimes for solid-state lasers

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Continuous-wave operation

    9.3 Pulsed pumping of solid-state lasers

    9.4 Q-switching

    9.5 Mode locking

    9.6 Chirped-pulse amplification

    9.7 Regenerative amplification

    Chapter 10: Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) and neodymium-doped yttrium orthovanadate (Nd:YVO4)

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Oscillators for neodymium lasers

    10.3 Power/energy limitations and oscillator scaling concepts

    10.4 Power scaling with master oscillator/power amplifier (MOPA) architectures

    10.5 Future trends

    10.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 11: System sizing issues with diode-pumped quasi-three-level materials

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Ytterbium-doped materials and bulk operating conditions

    11.3 Overview of Yb-based systems pump architectures and modes of operation

    11.4 YAG–KGW–KYW-based laser systems for nanosecond and sub-picosecond pulse generation

    11.5 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 12: Neodymium doped lithium yttrium fluoride (Nd:YLiF4) lasers

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Pumping methods of Nd:YLF lasers

    12.3 Alternative laser transitions

    12.4 Future trends

    Chapter 13: Erbium (Er) glass lasers

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Flashlamp pumped erbium (Er) glass lasers

    13.3 Laser diode (LD) pumped erbium (Er) glass lasers

    13.4 Means of Q-switching for erbium (Er) glass lasers

    13.5 Applications of erbium (Er) glass lasers

    13.6 Crystal lasers emitting at about 1.5 microns: advantages and drawbacks

    Chapter 14: Microchip lasers

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Microchip lasers: a broadly applicable concept

    14.3 Transverse mode definition

    14.4 Spectral properties

    14.5 Polarization control

    14.6 Pulsed operation

    14.7 Nonlinear frequency conversion

    14.8 Microchip amplifiers

    14.9 Future trends

    14.10 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 15: Fiber lasers

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction and history

    15.2 Principle of fiber lasers

    15.3 High power continuous wave (CW) fiber lasers

    15.4 Pulsed fiber lasers

    15.5 Ultrafast fiber lasers

    15.6 Continuous wave (CW) and pulsed fiber lasers at alternative wavelengths

    15.7 Emerging fiber technologies for fiber lasers

    15.8 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 16: Mid-infrared optical parametric oscillators

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Nonlinear optics and optical parametric devices

    16.3 Nonlinear optical materials for the infrared region

    16.4 Tuneable single frequency optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) for spectroscopy

    16.5 High power and high energy nanosecond pulselength systems

    16.6 Ultrashort pulse systems

    16.7 Sources of further information and advice

    16.8 Future trends

    Chapter 17: Raman lasers

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Raman lasers

    17.3 Solid-state Raman materials

    17.4 Raman generators, amplifiers and lasers

    17.5 Crystalline Raman lasers: performance review

    17.6 Wavelength-versatile Raman lasers

    17.7 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 18: Cryogenic lasers

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 History of cryogenically cooled lasers

    18.3 Laser material properties at cryogenic temperatures

    18.4 Recent cryogenic laser achievements

    18.5 Conclusion and future trends

    18.6 Acknowledgment

    Chapter 19: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction to laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)

    19.2 Types of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) systems and applications

    19.3 Solid-state lasers for laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)

    19.4 Future trends

    Chapter 20: Surgical solid-state lasers and their clinical applications

    Abstract:

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Laser–tissue interaction

    20.3 Clinical applications of solid-state lasers

    20.4 Current and future trends in laser surgery

    Chapter 21: Solid-state lasers (SSL) in defense programs

    Abstract:

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Background

    21.3 Properties of laser weapons

    21.4 Gas lasers

    21.5 Solid-state lasers

    21.6 Alternative lasers

    21.7 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 22: Environmental applications of solid-state lasers

    Abstract:

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Classification of atmospheric contaminants

    22.3 Light scattering as a powerful method for the measurement of atmospheric contamination by aerosols

    22.4 Instrumentation based on laser light scattering and absorption for the measurement of aerosols

    22.5 Gas monitors based on optical measurement methods using lasers

    22.6 Remote sensing using lasers and ground-based and airborne light detection and ranging (LIDAR)

    22.7 Conclusion

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 688
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: February 20, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097507
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092724

About the Editors

B Denker

Boris Denker is head of the Laboratory of Concentrated Laser Materials at the A.M.Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Moscow, Russia.

Affiliations and Expertise

A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russia

E Shklovsky

Eugene Shklovsky is Senior Laser Scientist at Optech Inc, Toronto, Canada.

Affiliations and Expertise

Optech Incorporated, Canada

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