Handbook of Seismic Risk Analysis and Management of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Handbook of Seismic Risk Analysis and Management of Civil Infrastructure Systems

1st Edition - April 30, 2013

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  • Editors: S Tesfamariam, K Goda
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857098986
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092687

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Description

Earthquakes represent a major risk to buildings, bridges and other civil infrastructure systems, causing catastrophic loss to modern society. Handbook of seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems reviews the state of the art in the seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems.Part one reviews research in the quantification of uncertainties in ground motion and seismic hazard assessment. Part twi discusses methodologies in seismic risk analysis and management, whilst parts three and four cover the application of seismic risk assessment to buildings, bridges, pipelines and other civil infrastructure systems. Part five also discusses methods for quantifying dependency between different infrastructure systems. The final part of the book considers ways of assessing financial and other losses from earthquake damage as well as setting insurance rates.Handbook of seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems is an invaluable guide for professionals requiring understanding of the impact of earthquakes on buildings and lifelines, and the seismic risk assessment and management of buildings, bridges and transportation. It also provides a comprehensive overview of seismic risk analysis for researchers and engineers within these fields.

Key Features

  • This important handbook reviews the wealth of recent research in the area of seismic hazard analysis in modern earthquake design code provisions and practices
  • Examines research into the analysis of ground motion and seismic hazard assessment, seismic risk hazard methodologies
  • Addresses the assessment of seismic risks to buildings, bridges, water supply systems and other aspects of civil infrastructure

Readership

All professionals associated with investing in, planning, designing, building, monitoring and removing infrastructure in seismic zones, such as civil and structural engineers, architects and bridge designers, quantity surveyors and managers and politicians involved in making decisions about infrastructure projects; Academics and senior and graduate students in civil engineering and seismology departments

Table of Contents

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    Preface

    Part I: Ground motions and seismic hazard assessment

    Chapter 1: Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction: past developments and current trends in assessing seismic risks

    1.2 Simulation-based probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA)

    1.3 Extension of probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) to advanced earthquake engineering analyses

    1.4 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 2: Uncertainties in ground motion prediction in probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) of civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Explanation of ground-motion prediction equations (GMPEs)

    2.3 Development of ground-motion prediction equations (GMPEs)

    2.4 Sensitivity of model components

    2.5 Future trends

    2.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: Spatial correlation of ground motions in estimating seismic hazards to civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Spatial correlation of ground motions: evaluation and analysis

    3.3 Ground-motion correlation and seismic loss assessment

    3.4 Future trends

    Chapter 4: Ground motion selection for seismic risk analysis of civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Ground motion selection in seismic performance assessment

    4.3 Case study: bridge foundation soil system

    4.4 The generalized conditional intensity measure (GCIM) approach

    4.5 Ground motion selection using generalized conditional intensity measure (GCIM)

    4.6 Application of the ground motion selection methodology

    4.7 Checking for bias in seismic response analysis due to ground motion selection

    4.8 Seismic demand curve computation

    4.9 Software implementations

    4.10 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 5: Assessing and managing the risk of earthquake-induced liquefaction to civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Hazard identification

    5.3 Hazard quantification

    5.4 Response of infrastructure to liquefaction hazards

    5.5 Tolerable risks and performance levels

    5.6 Conclusions

    Part II: Seismic risk analysis methodologies

    Chapter 6: Seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems: an overview

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Uncertainty in risk analysis

    6.3 Risk analysis

    6.4 Risk management

    6.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 7: Seismic risk analysis using Bayesian belief networks

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Bayesian belief networks (BBN)

    7.3 Application of Bayesian belief networks (BBN) to seismic risk assessment: site-specific hazard assessment

    7.4 Regional damage estimation

    7.5 Vulnerability and damage assessment of individual buildings

    7.6 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 8: Structural vulnerability analysis of civil infrastructure facing seismic hazards

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Vulnerability, hazard and risk

    8.3 Identification of vulnerability

    8.4 Analysis of risk

    8.5 Vulnerability of infrastructure networks

    8.6 Advantages of vulnerability analysis

    8.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Earthquake risk management of civil infrastructure: integrating soft and hard risks

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction: the inevitability of risk

    9.2 Managing technical risks to structures

    9.3 Reliability theory for the analysis of uncertainty and risk

    9.4 Seismic vulnerability

    9.5 Uncertainty: fuzziness, incompleteness and randomness (FIR)

    9.6 Systems thinking

    9.7 Process models and project progress maps (PPM)

    9.8 Measuring evidence of performance

    9.9 A structural example: procuring a new building

    9.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: A capability approach for seismic risk analysis and management

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Desiderata for a framework for seismic risk analysis and management

    10.3 A capability approach for seismic risk analysis and management

    10.5 Conclusions

    10.6 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 11: Resilience-based design (RBD) modelling of civil infrastructure to assess seismic hazards

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Development of performance-based design (PBD)

    11.3 Towards resilience-based design (RBD)

    11.4 Case studies

    11.5 Conclusions

    11.6 Future trends

    11.7 Acknowledgements

    Part III: Assessing seismic risks to buildings

    Chapter 12: Assessing seismic risks for new and existing buildings using performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE) methodology

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE) framework

    12.3 Application: seismic performance assessment of high-rise buildings

    12.4 Conclusions

    12.5 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 13: Assessing the seismic vulnerability of masonry buildings

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Vulnerability approaches: empirical and analytical

    13.3 Collapse-mechanism approach to seismic vulnerability of masonry buildings

    13.4 Stochastic and epistemic uncertainty quantification

    13.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 14: Vulnerability assessment of reinforced concrete structures for fire and earthquake risk

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Structural response to fire

    14.3 Seismic response of structures

    14.4 Fire performance of a reinforced concrete building following an earthquake

    14.5 Residual seismic resistance of fire-damaged building columns

    14.6 Lateral load resistance of a fire-damaged column using a hybrid method

    14.7 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 15: Seismic risk models for aging and deteriorating buildings and civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Structural degradation

    15.3 Shock-based damage accumulation models

    15.4 Approximation to graceful deterioration

    15.5 Combined progressive and shock-based deterioration

    15.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 16: Stochastic modeling of deterioration in buildings and civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 A general deterioration process

    16.3 Modeling of a general deterioration process using the stochastic semi-analytical approach (SSA)

    16.4 Stochastic modeling of deterioration in reinforced concrete (RC) bridges

    16.5 Conclusions

    Part IV: Assessing seismic risks to bridges and other components of civil infrastructure networks

    Chapter 17: Risk assessment and management of civil infrastructure networks: a systems approach

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Systems and networks

    17.3 Hierarchical representation of networks

    17.4 Risk assessment of infrastructure networks

    17.5 Optimal resource allocation in infrastructure networks

    17.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 18: Seismic vulnerability analysis of a complex interconnected civil infrastructure

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction and definitions

    18.2 Time, space and stakeholder dimensions of the problem

    18.3 Model, analysis type and interactions

    18.4 Object-oriented model (OOM) of the infrastructure and hazards

    18.5 Description of the main classes

    18.6 Performance metrics

    18.7 Probabilistic assessment of the model

    18.8 Example of an application of seismic vulnerability analysis

    18.9 Future trends

    18.10 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 19: Seismic reliability of deteriorating reinforced concrete (RC) bridges

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Mechanisms of deterioration

    19.3 Effects of deterioration on the reliability of bridges

    19.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 20: Using a performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE) approach to estimate structural performance targets for bridges

    Abstract:

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Performance-based seismic evaluation framework (PEER approach)

    20.3 Probabilistic seismic demand analysis (PSDA)

    20.4 Vector-valued probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (VPSHA)

    20.5 Performance-based seismic evaluation of ordinary highway bridges

    20.6 Future trends

    20.7 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 21: Incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) applied to seismic risk assessment of bridges

    Abstract:

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Incremental dynamic analysis (IDA)

    21.3 Structural modelling for incremental dynamic analysis (IDA)

    21.4 Sources of uncertainty

    21.5 Record selection for incremental dynamic analysis (IDA)

    21.6 Development of fragility curves using incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) results

    21.7 Case study for a continuous 4-span bridge

    21.8 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 22: Effect of soil–structure interaction and spatial variability of ground motion on seismic risk assessment of bridges

    Abstract:

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Soil–foundation–pier–superstructure interaction

    22.3 Embankment–backfill–abutment–superstructure interaction

    22.4 Realistic earthquake excitation scenarios for interactive soil–bridge systems

    22.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 23: Seismic risk management for water pipeline networks

    Abstract:

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Seismic failure of a lifeline system

    23.3 Seismic risk assessment

    23.4 Seismic risk mitigation

    23.5 Future trends

    Chapter 24: Seismic risk assessment of water supply systems

    Abstract:

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 General framework for evaluating seismic risk

    24.3 System characteristics

    24.4 Seismic hazards

    24.5 Component responses

    24.6 System responses

    24.7 Economic and social consequences

    24.8 Future trends

    24.9 Sources of further information and advice

    24.10 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 25: Seismic risk assessment for oil and gas pipelines

    Abstract:

    25.1 Introduction

    25.2 Purpose of performing a risk assessment

    25.3 Key steps in performing risk assessments for oil and gas pipelines

    25.4 Types of seismic hazard

    25.2 Determining hazard likelihood

    25.6 Determining severity of hazard

    25.7 Pipeline response to earthquake hazards

    25.8 Consequences of pipeline damage

    25.9 Mitigation approaches to reduce risk to pipelines

    25.10 Challenges and issues

    25.11 Future trends

    25.12 Conclusions

    Chapter 26: Seismic risk analysis of wind turbine support structures

    Abstract:

    26.1 Introduction

    26.2 Probabilistic demand models

    26.3 Demand models for the support structure of offshore wind turbines

    26.4 Example of fragility estimates for an offshore wind turbine support structure

    26.5 Conclusions

    26.6 Future trends

    26.7 Acknowledgments

    Part V: Assessing financial and other losses from earthquake damage

    Chapter 27: Seismic risk and possible maximum loss (PML) analysis of reinforced concrete structures

    Abstract:

    27.1 Introduction

    27.2 Analytical procedure for assessing seismic risk

    27.3 Case studies of seismic risk analysis for reinforced concrete structures

    27.4 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 28: Seismic risk management of insurance losses using extreme value theory and copula

    Abstract:

    28.1 Introduction

    28.2 Statistical modelling of extreme data

    28.3 Insurer’s earthquake risk exposure modelling

    28.4 Earthquake insurance portfolio analysis

    28.5 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 29: Probabilistic assessment of earthquake insurance rates for buildings

    Abstract:

    29.1 Introduction

    29.2 Probabilistic model for the assessment of earthquake insurance rates

    29.3 Application: assessment of earthquake insurance rates for different seismic zones in Turkey

    29.4 Implementation of earthquake insurance: Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool (TCIP)

    29.5 Conclusions and future trends

    29.6 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 30: Assessing global earthquake risks: the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) initiative

    Abstract:

    30.1 Introduction

    30.2 Current status of Global Earthquake Model (GEM)1

    30.3 OpenQuake

    30.4 Outlook for Global Earthquake Model (GEM)

    Chapter 31: Strategies for rapid global earthquake impact estimation: the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system

    Abstract:

    31.1 Introduction

    31.2 State-of-the-art of rapid earthquake loss estimation systems

    31.3 Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system development

    31.4 Earthquake loss models within the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system

    31.5 Earthquake impact scale

    31.6 Loss estimation for recent earthquakes

    31.7 Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) products and ongoing developments

    31.8 Conclusions

    31.9 Acknowledgments

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 912
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: April 30, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857098986
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092687

About the Editors

S Tesfamariam

Dr Solomon Tesfamariam is an Assistant Professor at The University of British Columbia, Canada.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of British Columbia, Canada

K Goda

Dr K. Goda is a Lecturer in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Bristol, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Bristol, UK

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