COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
Handbook of Nucleating Agents - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9781927885819, 9780323898942

Handbook of Nucleating Agents

2nd Edition

Author: George Wypych
eBook ISBN: 9780323898942
Hardcover ISBN: 9781927885819
eBook ISBN: 9781927885826
Imprint: ChemTec Publishing
Published Date: 25th January 2021
Page Count: 288
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
2 Chemical Origin of Nucleating Agents
2.1 Acids
2.2 Amides
2.3 Carbon nanotubes
2.4 Graphene derivatives
2.5 Hydrazides
2.6 Inorganic materials
2.6.1 Boron nitride
2.6.2 Calcium carbonate
2.6.3 Hydroxides and oxides
2.6.4 Silica
2.6.5 Talc
2.6.6 Others
2.7 Masterbatch
2.8 Phosphate salts
2.9 Polymeric
2.10 Proprietary nucleating agents
2.11 Renewable resouce
2.12 Salts of carboxylic acids
2.13 Sorbitol derivatives
2.14 Xylan esters
2.15 Other nucleating agents
3 Polymer Crystallization with and without Nucleating Agents
4 Parameters of Crystallization
5 What Influences Nucleation?
5.1 Concentration
5.2 Solubility of nucleating agent in polymer
5.3 Shear rate and time
5.4 Form of nucleating agent
5.5 Mixtures of nucleating agents
6 Nucleation Efficiency Measures
6.1 Nuclei density
6.2 Nucleation activity and constant
6.3 Nucleation efficiency
6.4 Activation energy
7 Mechanisms of Crystallization
8 Dispersion of Nucleating Agents
9 Nucleating Agents in Different Processing Methods
9.1 Blow molding
9.2 Blown film extrusion
9.3 Calendering
9.4 Compression molding
9.5 Dip coating
9.6 Extrusion
9.7 Foaming
9.8 Hot-melt coating
9.9 Injection molding
9.10 Micro-injection molding
9.11 Powder injection molding
9.12 Pultrusion
9.13 Reaction injection molding
9.14 Rotational molding
9.15 Sheet molding
9.16 Spinning
9.17 Thermoforming
9.18 Welding and machining
9.19 Wire coating
10 Application of Nucleating Agents in Specific Polymers
10.1 Poly(acrylonitrile-co-butadiene-co-styrene)
10.2 Cellulose acetate
10.3 Epoxy resin
10.4 Ethylene-propylene diene terpolymer
10.5 Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer
10.6 Fluorinated ethylene-propylene copolymer
10.7 Liquid crystalline polymer
10.8 Polyamide
10.9 Poly(acrylic acid)
10.10 Polyacrylonitrile
10.11 Polyaniline
10.12 Poly(butylene terephthalate)
10.13 Polycarbonate
10.14 Poly(-caprolactone)
10.15 Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
10.16 Polyethylene
10.17 Polyetheretherketone
10.18 Polyetherketoneketone
10.19 Poly(ethylene oxide)
10.20 Poly(ether sulfone)
10.21 Poly(ethylene terephthalate)
10.22 Polyethylene, silane-crosslinkable
10.23 Poly(glycolic acid)
10.24 Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)
10.25 Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)
10.26 Polyimide
10.27 Poly(lactic acid)
10.28 Polyoxymethylene
10.29 Polypropylene
10.30 Polyphthalamide
10.31 Poly(p-phenylene sulfide)
10.32 Polystyrene
10.33 Poly(trimethylene terephthalate)
10.34 Polyurethane
10.35 Poly(vinyl alcohol)
10.36 Poly(vinylidene fluoride)
10.37 Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene)
10.38 Poly(vinyl fluoride)
10.39 Poly(N-vinyl carbazole)
10.40 Unsaturated polyester
11 Nucleating Agents in Various Products
11.1 Adhesives
11.2 Aerospace
11.3 Appliances
11.4 Automotive materials
11.5 Bottles
11.6 Building construction
11.7 Cable & wire
11.8 Coatings & paints
11.9 Electronics and electrical
11.10 Fibers
11.11 Films
11.12 Medical applications
11.13 Pharmaceutical applications
11.14 Railway
11.15 Roofing
11.16 Window profiles
12 Effect of Nucleating Agents on Physical-mechanical Properties
12.1 Physical properties
12.1.1 Agglomeration
12.1.2 Aspect ratio
12.1.3 Crystalline structure
12.1.4 Hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties
12.1.5 Melting temperature
12.1.6 Moisture
12.1.7 Optical properties
12.1.8 Particle size
12.1.9 Refractive index
12.1.10 Shape memory
12.1.11 Solubility
12.1.12 Surface energy
12.1.13 Thermal conductivity
12.1.14 Transition temperature
12.1.15 Zeta potential
12.2 Mechanical properties
12.2.1 Flexural strength
12.2.2 Hardness
12.2.3 Impact strength
12.2.4 Residual stress
12.2.5 Scratch resistance
12.2.6 Shrinkage
12.2.7 Tear strength
12.2.8 Thermal deformation
12.2.9 Tensile strength
13 Important Analytical Methods Used in the Studies of Nucleating Agents
13.1 Crystallinity
13.2 Crystallization half-time
13.3 Differential scanning calorimetry
13.4 Fast scanning chip calorimetry
13.5 FTIR
13.6 Haze
13.7 Orientation degree
13.8 Polarized light microscopy
13.9 Quenching device
13.10 Small angle x-ray diffraction
13.11 Spherulite size
13.12 Thermogravimetric analysis
13.13 Vicat softening temperature
13.14 Wide angle x-ray diffraction
14 Health and Safety with Nucleating Agents

Details

No. of pages:
288
Language:
English
Copyright:
© ChemTec Publishing 2021
Published:
25th January 2021
Imprint:
ChemTec Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780323898942
Hardcover ISBN:
9781927885819
eBook ISBN:
9781927885826

About the Author

George Wypych

George Wypych has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research and development. He has published 18 books, 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability and the development of sealants and coatings.

Affiliations and Expertise

ChemTec Publishing, Ontario, Canada

Ratings and Reviews