Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Reactor Types and Industrial Applications

1st Edition - April 4, 2013

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  • Editor: A Basile
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097347

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Description

Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field.Volume 2 reviews reactor types and industrial applications, beginning in part one with a discussion of selected types of membrane reactor and integration of the technology with industrial processes. Part two goes on to explore the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels. Electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors are the focus of part three, before part four considers the use of membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medicine. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the economic aspects of membrane reactors.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field.

Key Features

  • Discusses integration of membrane technology with industrial processes
  • Explores the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels
  • Considers electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors

Readership

Membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists; Chemical and biochemial engineering/process engineers and manufacturers; Industrial separations and process engineers (including petrochemical, energy, environmental, biochemical and biomedical); Academics in this field

Table of Contents

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    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Foreword

    Preface

    Part I: Selected types of membrane reactor and integration with industrial processes

    Chapter 1: Engineering aspects of membrane bioreactors

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Biocatalysts and their immobilization

    1.3 Membranes as enzyme supports and for downstream processing

    1.4 Membrane bioreactor configurations

    1.5 Modelling and simulation: kinetics of enzyme reactions

    1.6 Transport phenomena and the effectiveness of immobilized biocatalysts

    1.7 Productivity of membrane bioreactors

    1.8 Applications of membrane bioreactors

    1.9 Conclusions and future trends

    1.11 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 2: Membrane contactors: fundamentals, membrane materials and key operations

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Membranes for membrane contactors: techniques of fabrication

    2.3 Membrane distillation (MD) technique: membranes and modules

    2.4 Membrane distillation configurations

    2.5 Heat and mass transport

    2.6 Applications of membrane distillation in membrane bioreactors

    2.7 Osmotic membrane distillation (OMD)

    2.8 Membrane crystallisation

    2.9 Conclusions and future trends

    2.11 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 3: Pervaporation membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 The basic concepts of integrated pervaporation – reaction processes

    3.3 Classification of pervaporation membrane reactors

    3.4 Overview of pervaporation membrane reactor applications

    3.5 Conclusions and future trends

    3.7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 4: Multi-phase catalytic membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Contact modalities in multi-phase catalytic membrane reactors

    4.3 Multi-phase membrane reactors: fundamental concepts, modelling and operations

    4.4 Materials and catalytic membranes for membrane reactors

    4.5 Typical reactions with three-phase membrane reactors

    4.6 Conclusion and future trends

    4.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 5: Microreactors and membrane microreactors: fabrication and applications

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Microreactors

    5.3 Microreactor design and fabrication methods

    5.4 Micromembranes

    5.5 Catalyst coating techniques and hydrogen production in microreactors

    5.6 An overview of membrane microreactors

    5.7 Conclusions and future trends

    5.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 6: Photocatalytic membrane reactors: fundamentals, membrane materials and operational issues

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Physico-chemical and photocatalytic properties of semiconductor materials

    6.3 Heterogeneous photoreactors and photocatalytic systems

    6.4 Materials and design of photocatalytic membranes

    6.5 Polymeric membranes

    6.7 Photocatalytic membrane reactors with suspended photocatalyst

    6.8 Conclusions and future trends

    6.10 Appendix: nomenclature

    6.10.2 Abbreviations

    Chapter 7: Integrating different membrane operations and combining membranes with conventional separation techniques in industrial processes

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Water desalination

    7.3 Wastewater treatment

    7.4 Agro-food production

    7.5 Polymeric membranes for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants

    7.6 Integration of a membrane reactor with a fuel cell

    7.7 Solar membrane reformer

    7.8 Membrane integrated system in the fusion reactor fuel cycle

    7.9 Conclusions and future trends

    7.11 Appendices

    Part II: Membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels

    Chapter 8: Applications of dense ceramic membrane reactors in selected oxidation and dehydrogenation processes for chemical production

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Oxygen-permeable membrane reactors

    8.3 Hydrogen permeable membrane reactors

    8.4 Conclusions and future trends

    8.5 Acknowledgements

    8.7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 9: Chlor-alkali technology: fundamentals, processes and materials for diaphragms and membranes

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Main electrolysis technologies

    9.3 Diaphragms

    9.4 Membranes

    9.5 Improved electrolysis concepts

    9.6 Conclusions and future trends

    9.7 Sources of further information

    9.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Greek symbols

    Subscripts and superscripts

    9.9.2 Abbreviations

    Chapter 10: Use of membranes in systems for electric energy and hydrogen production from fossil fuels

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Reference fossil-fuel-based technologies for hydrogen production and large-scale power generation

    10.3 Commercially ready technologies for CO2 capture from reference plants

    10.4 Integration of membranes in plants for power or hydrogen production

    10.5 Integration of oxygen membranes

    10.6 Integration of hydrogen membranes

    10.7 Optimization of plant design specifications

    10.8 Processes for treatment of off-gas streams

    10.9 Conclusions and future trends

    10.11 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 11: Palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation: preparation, economic analysis and coupling with a water gas shift reactor

    Abstract:

    11.1 Hydrogen selective membrane classification

    11.2 Membrane preparation techniques

    11.3 Membrane cost analysis

    11.4 Membrane application case study: water gas shift (WGS) reactor

    11.5 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 12: Membrane reactor for hydrogen production from natural gas at the Tokyo Gas Company: a case study

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Performance of the 40 Nm3/h-class membrane reformer

    12.3 Advanced hydrogen separation module with membrane on catalyst

    12.4 Conclusions and future trends

    12.5 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 13: Integrating membranes into industrial chemical processes: a case study of steam reforming with membranes for hydrogen separation

    Abstract:

    13.1 Integration of selective membranes in industrial plants

    13.2 Reformer and membrane module Tecnimont KT plant

    13.3 Reformer and membrane module plant behavior

    13.4 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 14: Economic analysis of systems for electrical energy and hydrogen production: fundamentals and application to two membrane reactor processes

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Calculation of the cost of electricity, hydrogen production and CO2 avoided

    14.3 Calculation of construction and operating costs

    14.4 Procedure application

    14.5 Conclusions

    14.6 Acknowledgments

    14.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Part III: Electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors

    Chapter 15: Electrochemical devices for energy: fuel cells and electrolytic cells

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Principles and features of fuel cells

    15.3 Low-temperature fuel cells: proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuels (DMFCs)

    15.4 Other types of low-temperature fuel cell

    15.5 High-temperature fuel cells: solid oxide and proton conductor fuel cells

    15.6 High-temperature fuel cells: molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFCs) and new concepts

    15.7 Economic aspects of fuel cell development

    15.8 Principles, features and applications of electrolysis cells

    15.9 Conclusions and future trends

    15.11 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 16: Palladium-based hollow cathode electrolysers for hydrogen production

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Theory

    16.3 Water electrolysers using thin-wall Pd–Ag tubes

    16.4 Applications of Pd–Ag membrane cathodes

    16.5 Conclusions and future trends

    7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 17: Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs): state-of-the-art with economic and environmental concerns

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Technical aspects in the development of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs)

    17.3 Environmental impacts of FCVs

    17.4 Economic analysis of FCVs

    17.5 Comparing different hydrogen vehicle technologies: fuel cell vehicle (FCV), battery electric vehicle (BEV) and internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV)

    17.6 Conclusion and future trends

    17.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 18: Design and engineering of metallic membranes for on-board steam reforming of biofuels in transport applications

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Membrane materials, manufacturing and reactor design

    18.3 Hydrogen permeation mechanism and solubility

    18.4 Permeation kinetics

    18.5 Membrane characterization and performances

    18.6 Customized membranes for application in the automotive industry

    18.7 Conclusions and future trends

    18.8 Sources of further information

    18.10 Appendix: nomenclature

    Greek symbols

    Part IV: Membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medicine

    Chapter 19: Membrane operations in wastewater treatment: complexation reactions coupled with membranes, pervaporation and membrane bioreactors

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Coupling complexation reactions and membranes

    19.3 Pervaporation

    19.4 Membrane bioreactors (MBRs)

    19.5 Selected applications in wastewater treatment

    19.6 Conclusions and future trends

    19.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 20: Biocatalytic membrane reactors for the removal of recalcitrant and emerging pollutants from wastewater

    Abstract:

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Fundamentals of biocatalytic membrane reactors

    20.3 Varieties of membranes for biocatalytic membrane reactors

    20.4 Emerging pollutants removal by biocatalyst membrane bioreactors

    20.5 Emerging pollutants removal by membrane biofilm and extractive membrane bioreactors

    20.6 Hybrid biocatalytic membrane reactors and modeling studies

    20.7 Development challenges

    20.8 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 21: Photocatalytic membrane reactors: configurations, performance and applications in water treatment and chemical production

    Abstract:

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Performance of membrane reactors with photocatalytic membranes

    21.3 Photocatalytic membrane reactors with suspended photocatalyst utilizing pressure driven membrane techniques

    21.4 Degradation of pharmaceutical compounds: coupling of solar photocatalysis and membrane reactor

    21.5 Photocatalytic membrane reactors utilizing other membrane techniques

    21.6 Modeling and economic analysis of membrane photoreactors

    21.7 Conclusions and future trends

    21.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 22: Biocatalytic membrane reactors: principles, preparation and biotechnological, pharmaceutical and medical applications

    Abstract:

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Principle of membrane bioreactors and biocatalytic membrane reactors

    22.3 Preparation of biocatalytic membranes

    22.4 Application of biocatalytic membrane reactors in biotechnology

    22.5 Applications in the pharmaceutical field

    22.6 Applications in the medical field

    22.7 Conclusions and future trends

    22.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 23: Economic aspects of membrane bioreactors

    Abstract:

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Rules of economic analysis

    23.3 The parameters involved in an economic analysis of membrane reactors

    23.4 Economic analysis applied to membrane bioreactors

    23.5 Economics of membrane bioreactors (MBRs) for wastewater treatment

    23.6 Conclusions

    23.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 968
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: April 4, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097347

About the Editor

A Basile

Angelo Basile, officially qualified as a Full Professor at university in the subject “Sistems, Methods and Technologies of the Chemical Engineering Processes”, until 2020 was a senior researcher at the Italian National Research Council (CNR), wherein he developed membranes for gas purification and membrane reactors for pure hydrogen production. His prolific research works have been published in numerous papers and conference proceedings, and he has also produced various Italian (8), European (3 )and worldwide (1)patents. Basile has edited more than 60 scientific books and 60 special journal issues on membrane science and technology. He is an associate editor of various international journals (like IJHE) and Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Membrane Science & Technology; and member of the editorial board of more 20 int. journals. Angelo Basile’s h-index 51, on the areas: Energy, Chem. Eng., Env. Science, Materials Science, Chemistry, (www.scopus.com – 21 March 2022). Today Basile is a R&D Manager at ECO2Energy (Rome) and Hydrogenia (Genoa), both societies under the umbrella of the European society Greeninvest; he also is offcially collaborating with the Dept. of Eng. at the University Campus Bio-medical of Rome.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute on Membrane Technology, University of Calabria, Rende, Italy

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