Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Fundamental Materials Science, Design and Optimisation

1st Edition - February 8, 2013

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  • Editor: A Basile
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097330
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094148

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Description

Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field.Volume 1 explores fundamental materials science, design and optimisation, beginning with a review of polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors in part one. Polymeric and nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors, inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen production, palladium-based composite membranes and alternatives to palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors are all discussed. Part two goes on to investigate zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors in more depth. Finally, part three explores membrane reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation, including the use of mathematical modelling, computational fluid dynamics, artificial neural networks and non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyse varied aspects of membrane reactor design and production enhancement.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field.

Key Features

  • Considers polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors
  • Discusses cereamic and carbon for membrane reactors in detail
  • Reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation is also discussed

Readership

Membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists; Chemical and biochemial engineering/process engineers and manufacturers; Industrial separations and process engineers (including petrochemical, energy, environmental, biochemical and biomedical); Academics in this field

Table of Contents

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    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Foreword

    Preface

    Part I: Polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors

    Chapter 1: Polymeric membranes for membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction: polymer properties for membrane reactors

    1.2 Basics of polymer membranes

    1.3 Membrane reactors

    1.4 Modelling of polymeric catalytic membrane reactors

    1.5 Conclusions

    1.7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 2: Inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen production: an overview with particular emphasis on dense metallic membrane materials

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Development of inorganic membrane reactors (MRs)

    2.3 Types of membranes

    2.4 Preparation of dense metallic membranes

    2.5 Preparation of Pd-composite membranes

    2.6 Preparation of Pd–Ag alloy membranes

    2.7 Preparation of Pd–Cu alloy composite membranes

    2.8 Preparation of Pd–Au membranes

    2.9 Preparation of amorphous alloy membranes

    2.10 Degradation of dense metallic membranes

    2.11 Conclusions and future trends

    2.12 Acknowledgements

    2.14 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 3: Palladium-based composite membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Development of composite membranes

    3.3 Palladium and palladium-alloy composite membranes for hydrogen separation

    3.4 Performances in membrane reactors

    3.5 Conclusions and future trends

    3.6 Acknowledgements

    3.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 4: Alternatives to palladium in membranes for hydrogen separation: nickel, niobium and vanadium alloys, ceramic supports for metal alloys and porous glass membranes

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Materials

    4.3 Membrane synthesis and characterization

    4.4 Applications

    4.5 Conclusions

    4.7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 5: Nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 An overview of fabrication techniques

    5.3 Examples of organic/inorganic nanocomposite membranes

    5.4 Structure-property relationships in nanostructured composite membranes

    5.5 Major application of hybrid nanocomposites in membrane reactors

    5.6 Conclusions and future trends

    5.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Part II: Zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors

    Chapter 6: Zeolite membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Separation using zeolite membranes

    6.3 Zeolite membrane reactors

    6.4 Modeling of zeolite membrane reactors

    6.5 Scale-up and scale-down of zeolite membranes

    6.6 Conclusion and future trends

    6.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 7: Dense ceramic membranes for membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Principles of dense ceramic membrane reactors

    7.3 Membrane preparation and catalyst incorporation

    7.4 Fabrication of membrane reactors

    7.5 Conclusion and future trends

    7.6 Acknowledgements

    7.8 Appendices

    Chapter 8: Porous ceramic membranes for membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Preparation of porous ceramic membranes

    8.3 Characterisation of ceramic membranes

    8.4 Transport and separation of gases in ceramic membranes

    8.5 Ceramic membrane reactors

    8.6 Conclusions and future trends

    8.7 Acknowledgements

    8.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 9: Microporous silica membranes: fundamentals and applications in membrane reactors for hydrogen separation

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Microporous silica membranes

    9.3 Membrane reactor function and arrangement

    9.4 Membrane reactor performance metrics and design parameters

    9.5 Catalytic reactions in a membrane reactor configuration

    9.6 Industrial considerations

    9.7 Future trends and conclusions

    9.8 Acknowledgements

    9.10 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 10: Carbon-based membranes for membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Unsupported carbon membranes

    10.3 Supported carbon membranes

    10.4 Carbon membrane reactors (CMRs)

    10.5 Micro carbon-based membrane reactors

    10.6 Conclusions and future trends

    10.7 Acknowledgements

    10.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 11: Advances in catalysts for membrane reactors

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Requirements of catalysts for membrane reactors

    11.3 Catalyst design, preparation and formulation

    11.4 Case studies in membrane reactors

    11.5 Deactivation of catalysts

    11.6 The role of catalysts in supporting sustainability

    11.7 Conclusions and future trends

    11.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Part III: Membrane reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation

    Chapter 12: Mathematical modelling of membrane reactors: overview of strategies and applications for the modelling of a hydrogen-selective membrane reactor

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Membrane reactor concept and modelling

    12.3 A hydrogen-selective membrane reactor application: natural gas steam reforming

    12.4 Conclusions

    12.5 Acknowledgements

    12.7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 13: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of membrane reactors: simulation of single-and multi-tube palladium membrane reactors for hydrogen recovery from cyclohexane

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Single palladium membrane tube reactor

    13.4 Conclusions and future trends

    13.6 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 14: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of membrane reactors: simulation of a palladium-based membrane reactor in fuel cell micro-cogenerator system

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) micro-cogenerator systems and MREF

    14.3 Model description and assumptions

    14.4 Simulation results and discussion of modelling issues

    14.5 Conclusion and future trends

    14.6 Acknowledgements

    14.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 15: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of membrane reactors: modelling of membrane bioreactors for municipal wastewater treatment

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Design of the membrane bioreactor (MBR)

    15.3 Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

    15.4 CFD modelling for MBR applications

    15.5 Model calibration and validation techniques

    15.6 Future trends and conclusions

    15.7 Acknowledgement

    15.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 16: Models of membrane reactors based on artificial neural networks and hybrid approaches

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Fundamentals of artificial neural networks

    16.3 An overview of hybrid modeling

    16.4 Case study: prediction of permeate flux decay during ultrafiltration performed in pulsating conditions by a neural model

    16.5 Case study: prediction of permeate flux decay during ultrafiltration performed in pulsating conditions by a hybrid neural model

    16.6 Case study: implementation of feedback control systems based on hybrid neural models

    16.7 Conclusions

    16.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 17: Assessment of the key properties of materials used in membrane reactors by quantum computational approaches

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Basic concepts of computational approaches

    17.3 Gas adsorption in porous nanostructured materials

    17.4 Adsorption and absorption of hydrogen and small gases

    17.5 Conclusions and future trends

    17.7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 18: Non-equilibrium thermodynamics for the description of transport of heat and mass across a zeolite membrane

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Fluxes and forces from the second law and transport coefficients

    18.3 Case studies of heat and mass transport across the zeolite membrane

    18.4 Conclusions and future trends

    18.5 Acknowledgement

    18.7 Appendix: nomenclature

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 696
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: February 8, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097330
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094148

About the Editor

A Basile

Angelo Basile, a Chemical Engineer, is a senior Researcher at the ITM-CNR where is responsible of the researches related to both the ultra-pure hydrogen production and CO2 capture using Pd-based Membrane Reactors. Angelo He has 165 scientific papers in peer to peer journals and 252 papers in international congresses; and is a reviewer for 165 int. journals, an editor/author of 50 scientific books and 120 chapters on international books on membrane science and technology; 6 Italian patents, 2 European patents and 5 worldwide patents. He is referee of 104 international scientific journals and Member of the Editorial Board of 21 of them. Basile is also Editor associate of the Int. J. Hydrogen Energy and Editor-in-chief of the Int. J. Membrane Science & Technol. and Editor-in-chief of Membrane Processes (Applications), a section of the international journal Membranes: Basile also prepared 42 special issues on membrane science and technology for many international journals (IJHE, Chem Eng. J., Cat. Today, etc.). He participated to and was/is responsible of many national and international projects on membrane reactors and membrane science. Basile served as Director of the ITM-CNR during the period Dec. 2008 – May 2009. In the last years, he was tutor of 30 Thesis for master and Ph.D. students at the Chemical Engineering Department of the University of Calabria (Italy). Form 2014, Basile is Full Professor of Chemical Engineering Processes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute on Membrane Technology, University of Calabria, Italian National Research Council, ITM-CNR, Rende, Italy

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