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Handbook of Medical Textiles - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781845696917, 9780857093691

Handbook of Medical Textiles

1st Edition

Editor: V Bartels
eBook ISBN: 9780857093691
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845696917
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 19th August 2011
Page Count: 608
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles


Part I: Types and properties of medical textiles

Chapter 1: Modern textiles and biomaterials for healthcare


1.1 Introduction

1.2 The role of textile structures and biomaterials in healthcare

1.3 Types of textiles and biomaterials for medical applications

1.4 Key properties of medical textile products

1.5 Contacting behaviour and transmission phenomenon of medical-based textiles

1.6 Engineering stability and compactness in medical textile systems

1.7 Advanced examples of research and product development

1.8 Future of medical textiles and products

1.9 Sources of further information and advice

1.10 Acknowledgement

Chapter 2: Hi-tech textiles for interactive wound therapies


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Wounds

2.3 Wound dressings

2.4 Venous leg ulcers and their treatment

2.5 Wound dressing structures

2.6 Conclusions

Chapter 3: Reusable medical textiles


3.1 Introduction

3.2 The role of reusable medical textiles: a historical perspective

3.3 Advantages of reusable textiles

3.4 Types of reusable textiles used for medical applications

3.5 Processing procedures

3.6 Healthcare costs

3.7 Future trends

3.8 Conclusions

Chapter 4: Nonwoven materials and technologies for medical applications


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Key issues of nonwovens

4.3 Main types of nonwovens and technologies for medical applications

4.4 Strengths and limitations of nonwoven materials (NMs) for medical applications

4.5 Applications of nonwovens in medicine

4.6 Future trends

4.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 5: Textiles for implants and regenerative medicine


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Textiles as implants

5.3 Textiles for regenerative medicine

5.4 Testing of implants and materials for regenerative medicine

5.5 Sources for further information

Chapter 6: Textiles with cosmetic effects


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Application and release technologies

6.3 Functionalities of cosmetotextiles and performance testing

6.4 Safety evaluation and other regulatory aspects

6.5 Future trends

Chapter 7: Drug-releasing textiles


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Classification of drug-releasing textiles

7.3 Fabrication and characterization

7.4 Applications of drug-releasing textiles

7.5 Conclusions

7.6 Future trends

7.7 Acknowledgments

Chapter 8: Medical textiles and thermal comfort


8.1 Fundamentals of thermal comfort

8.2 Healthcare workers and patients in the hospital environment

8.3 Thermal comfort of medical textiles: surgical gowns

8.4 Evaluation and testing of thermal properties for medical textiles

8.5 Future trends

Part II: Textiles and the skin

Chapter 9: Contact sensations of medical textiles on the skin


9.1 Introduction

9.2 Skin contact sensations

9.3 Textile properties influencing skin contact sensations

9.4 Examples of applications

9.5 Future trends

9.6 Conclusions

9.7 Sources of further information

9.8 Acknowledgment

Chapter 10: Mechanical skin irritations due to textiles


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Human skin

10.3 Skin irritation

10.4 Skin responses to mechanical forces

10.5 Measurement of irritating mechanical factors

10.6 Factors causing a textile to be mechanically irritating

Chapter 11: Allergies caused by textiles


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Types of allergies

11.3 Main types of allergies caused by textiles

11.4 Ways to minimise and avoid allergies caused by textiles

11.5 Testing for allergy-causing substances

11.6 Medical textile applications

11.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 12: Biofunctional textiles based on cellulose and their approaches for therapy and prevention of atopic eczema


12.1 Introduction

12.2 The role of microbial infections in atopic dermatitis

12.3 Skin barrier function and increased sensitivity to irritants

12.4 Lyocell fibres for antimicrobial therapy

12.5 SeaCell® textiles for antimicrobial therapy

12.6 Future trends and conclusions

Part III: Textiles for hygiene

Chapter 13: Infection prevention and control and the role of medical textiles


13.1 Introduction

13.2 Superbugs and healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)

13.3 Principles and practice of infection prevention and control in hospitals

13.4 The role of textiles in infection prevention and control

13.5 Future challenges

13.6 A holistic approach to preventing infections

Chapter 14: Absorbent products for personal health care and hygiene


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Different types of absorbent products for personal health and hygiene

14.3 Key issues of absorbent hygiene products

14.4 Testing of absorbent hygiene products

14.5 Application example: diapers – adapting products from premature babies to toilet training

14.6 Future trends

14.7 Sources of further information and advice

14.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 15: Bio-functional textiles


15.1 Introduction

15.2 Types of bio-functional textiles

15.3 Evaluation of bio-functional effects and safety

15.4 Applications of bio-functional textiles

15.5 Manufacturing of bio-functional textiles

15.6 Future trends

Chapter 16: Hospital laundries and their role in medical textiles


16.1 Introduction

16.2 Key issues of hospital laundries

16.3 Impact of hospital laundries on the hygiene of medical textiles

16.4 Testing and quality control of hygienic properties in hospital laundries

16.5 State of the art in hospital laundries

16.6 Future trends

16.9 Appendix: additional information

Chapter 17: Odour control of medical textiles


17.1 Introduction

17.2 Measurement of odour

17.3 Key issues of odour control in medical applications

17.4 Control of odour with textiles

17.5 Future trends

17.6 Acknowledgement

Part IV: Medical textile case studies and applications

Chapter 18: Textiles for medical filters


18.1 Introduction

18.2 Key issues of medical filters

18.3 Application of hollow fiber bioreactors

18.4 Evaluation and characterization of medical filters

18.5 Future trends

Chapter 19: Textiles for patient heat preservation during operations


19.1 Key issues and importance of preventing cold stress in patients during operations

19.2 Main types of textiles used to maintain patient temperature during operations

19.3 Applications of textiles in maintaining patient temperature

19.4 Future trends

Chapter 20: Evaluation of occupational clothing for surgeons: achieving comfort and avoiding physiological stress through suitable gowns


20.1 Historical background

20.2 Surgical gowns

20.3 Influences on wear properties

20.4 Elements of comfort

20.5 Evaluation of parameters relevant for comfortable textiles

20.6 Sweating as an effect of physiological stress

20.7 Controlled wear tests

20.8 Purchasing criteria

20.9 Conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 21: Occupational clothing for nurses: combining improved comfort with economic efficiency


21.1 Introduction

21.2 Materials and methods

21.3 Cleanliness

21.4 Improving comfort in nurses′ occupational clothing

21.5 Improving durability of nurses’ clothing in industrial laundering processes

21.6 Possible savings in resources, washing and drying, durability and nosocomial infections

21.7 Applications of knitted microfibre fabrics

21.8 Future trends

21.9 Sources of further information and advice

21.10 Acknowledgement

Chapter 22: Medical bandages and stockings with enhanced patient acceptance


22.1 Introduction

22.2 Key issues and role of medical bandages and stockings

22.3 Improving patient acceptance of medical bandages and stockings

22.4 Conclusions

Chapter 23: Superabsorbents and their medical applications


23.1 Introduction

23.2 Methods of obtaining superabsorbent polymers and their chemical structure

23.3 Forms of superabsorbents and their properties

23.4 Development stages of superabsorbent materials according to appropriate patents

23.5 Applications of superabsorbents in medicine

23.6 Applications of superabsorbents in hygiene products and medical textiles

23.7 Applications of superabsorbents for comfort improvement

23.8 Ergonomie tests

23.9 Application of superabsorbent materials in half masks

23.10 Conclusions

Chapter 24: Nanofibrous textiles in medical applications


24.1 Introduction

24.2 Nanofibrous textiles

24.3 Applications of nanofibres in the medical field

24.4 Future trends

24.5 Sources of further information and advice



With a rising population and the increasing range of textiles for medical products, the need to understand and improve medical textiles is gaining in importance. The Handbook of medical textiles provides an overview of the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised topics and applications.

In part one, the types and properties of medical textiles are discussed, with chapters covering topics including reusable textiles, textiles for implants and textiles with cosmetic effects. Part two focuses on the interaction of textiles with the skin, examining key issues such as contact sensations, allergies and mechanical irritation. Chapters in part three provide information on the latest developments in textiles for hygiene and infection control, while part four provides a range of applications and case studies, including improvements in medical occupational clothing, medical filters and superabsorbent fibres.

With its expert editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of medical textiles is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals.

Key Features

  • Explores the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised areas and applications
  • Chapters cover topics such as reusable textiles, textiles for implants and interaction of textiles with the skin
  • Is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals


Designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals.


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2011
19th August 2011
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editor

V Bartels

Dr Volkmar T. Bartels is the founder and managing director of Bartels Scientific Consulting GmbH.

Affiliations and Expertise

Bartels Scientific Consulting GmbH, Germany