Description

Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of

materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this

inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications.

The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure,

analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials

including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to

environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire.

Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and

surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of

environmental effects and what can be done to control them.

The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and

engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies

from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment

ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save

money, lives and the environment

Key Features

  • The Handbook’s broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles.
  • For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it.
  • Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects.

Readership

Engineers: Civil, Mechanical, Materials, Design, Maintenance, Chemical & Process

Industries: construction / civil engineering, automotive / aerospace / transportation, chemical processing, consumer packaging, paints and coatings, petrochemical, pipeline, plastics.

Level: Practicing engineers and technicians, students seeking real-world examples and applied techniques.

Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

PART ONE: Analysis

1. Analysis of Failures of Metallic Materials Due to Environmental Factors

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Classification of Failures

1.3 Analysis of Failures

1.4 Case Histories of Environmental-Related Failures

1.5 Conclusions

References

2. Laboratory Assessment of Corrosion

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Immersion Tests

2.3 Cabinet Tests

2.4 Electrochemical Tests

2.5 Conclusions

Bibliography

References

3. Lifetime Predictions of Plastics

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Master Curves

3.3 Chemical Kinetics

3.4 Thermal Decomposition Experiments

3.5 Mechanical Experiments

3.6 Miscellaneous Experimentation

3.7 Summary

References

PART TWO: Types of Degradation

4. Electrochemical Corrosion

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Electrochemical Thermodynamics

4.3 Electrochemical Kinetics and Corrosion Processes

4.4 Experimental Polarization Curves

4.5 Examples of Electrochemical Corrosion Measurements and Characterizations

4.6 Summary

References

5. High Temperature Oxidation

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Criteria of Metal Oxidation

5.3 Kinetics of Oxidation

5.4 Techniques Involved in Measuring Oxidation Behavior

5.5 Measurement of Oxidation Kinetics

5.6 Identification and Characterization of Scales

5.7 Wagner Hauffe Rules

5.8 Marker Technique

5.9 Oxygen Tracer Technique

5.10 Initial Oxidation or Thin Layer Oxidation

5.11 Oxidation of Pure Metals

5.12 Oxidation of Alloys

5.13 Influence of Alloy Addition on Oxidation Behavior

5.14 Oxidation Behavior of Some Commercial Alloys

5.15 Oxidation in Mixed Gas Environments

5.16 Phase

Details

No. of pages:
936
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
Print ISBN:
9781437734553
Electronic ISBN:
9781437734560