Handbook of Biomedical Engineering

Handbook of Biomedical Engineering

1st Edition - January 4, 1988

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  • Editor: Jacob Kline
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142687

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Handbook of Biomedical Engineering covers the most important used systems and materials in biomedical engineering. This book is organized into six parts: Biomedical Instrumentation and Devices, Medical Imaging, Computers in Medicine, Biomaterials and Biomechanics, Clinical Engineering, and Engineering in Physiological Systems Analysis. These parts encompassing 27 chapters cover the basic principles, design data and criteria, and applications and their medical and/or biological relationships. Part I deals with the principles, mode of operation, and uses of various biomedical instruments and devices, including transducers, electrocardiograph, implantable electrical devices, biotelemetry, patient monitoring systems, hearing aids, and implantable insulin delivery systems. Parts II and III describe the basic principle of medical imaging devices and the application of computers in medicine, particularly in the fields of data management, critical care, clinical laboratory, radiology, artificial intelligence, and research. Part IV focuses on the application of biomaterials and biomechanics in orthopedic and accident investigation, while Part V considers the major functions of clinical engineering. Part VI provides the principles and application of mathematical models in physiological systems analysis. This book is valuable as a general reference for courses in a biomedical engineering curriculum.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    Part I Biomedical instrumentation and devices

    Chapter 1 Biomedical Transducers

    I. Introduction

    II. Transducer Categories

    III. Characteristics of Transducers

    IV. Electrodes: Sensing and Stimulating

    V. Physical Sensors

    VI. Chemical Transducers


    Chapter 2 Electrocardiograph: Specifications and Design Parameters

    I. Introduction

    II. The Cardiogram

    III. Measurement Requirements

    IV. Performance Standards and Overall Accuracy

    V. Cardiograph Functional Elements

    VI. Leads and Lead Switching

    VII. Cardiograph Frequency Response

    VIII. Patient Connection Considerations

    IX. Interference and Noise

    X. Cardiogram Recorder


    Chapter 3 Electrosurgery

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Development

    III. Generator Characteristics

    IV. Electrosurgical Waveforms

    V. Dispersive Electrodes

    VI. Summary


    Chapter 4 Implantable Medical Electrical Devices

    I. Introduction

    II. Biocompatible Materials

    III. Functions of an Implantable Electronic Device

    IV. Cardiac Pacemakers

    V. Neural Stimulators

    VI. Tissue Growth Stimulators

    VII. Sensory Aids

    VIII. Summary


    Chapter 5 Implantable Electrodes and Leads

    I. Introduction

    II. Connection

    III. Conductor

    IV. Insulation

    V. Anchoring the Conductor

    VI. Guidance System

    VII. Anchoring the Distal End

    VIII. Active Element

    IX. Applications


    Chapter 6 Biotelemetry

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification and Principles of Biotelemetry

    III. Cable Transmission

    IV. Radiotelemetry

    V. Carrier Frequency

    VI. Multiplexing

    VII. Modulation

    VIII. Pulse Modulation

    IX. Passive Telemetry Systems

    X. Implantable Systems

    XI. Batteries

    XII. Ultrasound and Light Telemetry

    XIII. Telephonic Telemetry


    Chapter 7 Patient Monitoring Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Requirements of the System

    III. The Modern System

    IV. Arrhythmia Monitoring System

    V. Design Parameters

    VI. Summary


    Chapter 8 Hearing Aids

    I. Introduction

    II . Hearing Fundamentals

    III. Symptoms and Causes of Hearing Disorders

    IV. Hearing Aid Implementation

    V. Hearing Aid Fitting Procedures


    Chapter 9 Implantable Insulin Delivery Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. New Techniques of Insulin Administration

    III. Alternate Routes

    IV. Conclusion


    Part II Medical Imaging

    Chapter 10 Beam/Ray Imaging

    I. Introduction

    II. Radiographic Imaging

    III. Computed Tomography

    IV. Nuclear Medicine (Gamma-Ray) Imaging

    V. Ultrasonic Imaging

    VI. Endoscopy


    Chapter 11 Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Principles of Magnetic Resonance

    III. Vector Description of Magnetic Resonance

    IV. The Two Domains

    V. Signal Excitation and Detection

    VI. Relaxation

    VII. The Spin Echo

    VIII. The NMR Spectrum

    IX. Principles of NMR Imaging

    X. Multiple Slice versus Volume Imaging

    XI. The Imaging Pulse Sequence

    XII. Factors Affecting Image Appearance

    XIII. Effect of Field Strength in MRI

    XIV. Pulse Sequences and Image Contrast

    XV. Effect of Flow on Magnetic Resonance Images

    XVI. Chemical Shift Imaging (CSI)

    XVII. Instrumentation

    XVIII. Safety


    Part III Computers in Medicine

    Chapter 12 Database Management

    I. Introduction

    II. Advantages and Disadvantages of a DBMS

    III. In-House Systems

    IV. Commercially Available Systems

    V. Desirable Features

    VI. Specific Medical Applications

    VII. Access Control

    VIII. Backup and Remote Storage


    Chapter 13 Computerized Critical Care Areas

    I. Introduction

    II. Planning and Designing a Computerized Critical Care Unit

    III. Selection of Monitoring Equipment


    Chapter 14 Clinical Laboratory Systems

    I. Operation of the Clinical Laboratory

    II. The Computer in the Clinical Laboratory

    III. Selection of a Computer System


    Chapter 15 Radiology: Computer Diagnosis and Pattern Recognition

    I. Introduction

    II. Digitizing the Data

    III. Preprocessing the Data

    IV. Extracting Features and Segmentation

    V. Classification

    VI. Image Processing Literature


    Chapter 16 Computers in Medical Research

    I. Introduction

    II. Hardware

    III. Software

    IV. Interacting with Experimental Preparations

    V. Additional Sources of Information


    Chapter 17 Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

    I. Introduction

    II. Artificial Intelligence

    III. Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence

    IV. Developing a Medical Expert System

    Recommended Reading

    Part IV Biomaterials and Biomechanics

    Chapter 18 Biomaterials

    I. Introduction

    II. Polymers and Plastics

    III. Metals

    IV. Ceramics

    V. Treated Natural Materials

    VI. Tissue Reaction

    VII. Sterilization of Biomaterials


    Chapter 19 Biomechanics of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation of the Musculoskeletal System

    I. Properties of Calcified and Other Musculoskeletal Connective Tissues

    II. Materials Properties of Orthopedic and Rehabilitiation Devices

    III. Structural Mechanics of the Musculoskeletal System

    IV. Prostheses and Orthoses


    Chapter 20 Biomechanics and Accident Investigation

    I. Introduction

    II. Biomechanical Injury Threshold

    III. Accident Reconstruction


    Part V Clinical Engineering

    Chapter 21 Hospital-Based Clinical Engineering Programs

    I. Introduction

    II. Hospital Organization and the Role of Clinical Engineering

    III. Major Functions of a Clinical Engineering Department

    IV. Conclusion


    Chapter 22 Regulatory Requirements and Health Care Codes

    I. Introduction

    II. FDA Regulations

    III. Joint Commission on Accreditation for Hospitals (JCAH)

    IV. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standards


    Part VI Engineering in Physiological Systems Analysis

    Chapter 23 Mathematical Modeling of Physiological Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Mathematical Modeling

    III. Linear Systems: Approximation Expressions

    IV. Block Diagram Representation of Physiological Systems

    V. Simplification Using Analogous Systems


    Chapter 24 Cardiopulmonary System Models

    I. Introduction

    II. Analog Computer Model

    III. Myocardial Mechanics Model

    IV. Distributed Parameter Models

    V. Model Performance

    VI. Cardiac Energy and Power Analysis

    VII. Respiratory System Models


    Chapter 25 Models of Gastrointestinal Tract Motility

    I. Introduction

    II . Mechanical Events

    III. Electrical Activity

    IV. Mathematical Models of Motor Activity

    V. Conclusion


    Chapter 26 Signal Transmission and Processing in the Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II . Biopotentials

    III. Electrical Transmission

    IV. Synaptic Transmission

    V. Neural Signal Processing and Modeling


    Chapter 27 Noninvasive Biomedical Engineering Diagnostic Cardiology

    I. Introduction

    II . Doppler Echocardiography to Determine Flow Disturbances and Transvalvular Pressure Gradient

    III. Phonoechocardiography for the Detection of Valvular Disease

    IV. Ultrasonic Texture Analysis for the Detection of Myocardial Infarcts

    V. Heart Wall Motion Studies to Determine Intracardiac Blood Flow Patterns and Assess Heart Pump Dysfunction



Product details

  • No. of pages: 754
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1988
  • Published: January 4, 1988
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142687

About the Editor

Jacob Kline

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