Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins

1st Edition

Editors: Hatsuo Ishida Tarek Agag
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444537904
eBook ISBN: 9780444537911
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 13th July 2011
Page Count: 712
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This handbook provides a wide overview of the field, fundamental understanding of the synthetic methods and structure/property correlation, as well as studies related to applications in a wide range of subjects. The handbook also provides 1H and 13C NMR spectra, FTIR spectra, DSC and TGA thermograms to aid in research activities. Additional tables on key NMR and FTIR frequencies unique to benzoxazine, heat of polymerization, Tg, and char yield will greatly aid in the choice of proper benzoxazine for a specific application.

Key Features

  • Provides thorough coverage of the chemistry and applications of benzoxazine resins with an evidence-based approach to enable chemists, engineers and material scientists to evaluate effectiveness
  • Features spectra, which allow researchers to compare results, avoid repetition and save time as well as tables on key NMR frequency, IR frequency, heat of polymerization, of many benzoxazine resins to aid them in selection of materials
  • Written by the foremost experts in the field


Graduate and post graduate level students and researchers in polymer science, materials science polymer chemistry, chemical/biochemical and biomedical engineering and analytical chemistry

Table of Contents



Chapter 1. Overview and Historical Background of Polybenzoxazine Research

1. Introduction

2. Benzoxazine chemistry

3. Polymerization mechanisms

4. Unique properties of benzoxazines and polybenzoxazines

5. Molecular origin of unusual properties

6. Historical development of monomeric benzoxazines

7. Recent development of high molecular weight benzoxazines

8. Benzoxazines combined with other polymerizing groups

9. Various technologies attractive for applications

10. Characterization of benzoxazines

11. Conclusion

Chapter 2. Benzoxazine Chemistry in Solution and Melt

1. Synthesis of benzoxazine monomers in homogeneous solution

2. Synthesis of benzoxazine monomers in heterogeneous solution

3. Synthesis of benzoxazine monomers by melt or high solid methods

4. Benzoxazine ring formation mechanism

5. Conclusion

Chapter 3. Molecular Modeling

1. Introduction

2. Chemical reaction

3. Structure analysis

4. Structure-property relationship

5. Summary and remarks

Chapter 4. Mono-Substituted Phenol-Based Benzoxazines

1. Chemistry and development of benzoxazines

2. Ring opening reaction of mono-substituted phenol-based benzoxazines: dimerization of benzoxazines and its self-termination

3. Single crystallography of monofunctional benzoxazine dimer

4. Asymmetric reaction of monofunctional benzoxazine dimer

5. Benzoxazine dimer and its metal ion complexation

6. Conclusions

Chapter 5. Using Molecular Simulation to Predict the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Polybenzoxazines

1. Introduction

2. Materials and methods

3. Results and discussion

4. Conclusions

Chapter 6. Chemorheology of Benzoxazine-based Resins

1. Introduction


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About the Editor

Hatsuo Ishida

Professor Ishida has been a pioneer in the molecular characterization of composite interfaces. His activity extends to synthesis, surface vibrational spectroscopy, and rheology and processing of composite materials. He has also pioneered the development of new, very versatile polymers called polybenzoxazines. Professor Ishida received the following awards among others: The Global Salute to Polymers Award (The American Chemical Society); The Alexander von Humboldt Award for Senior Scientist, Humboldt Foundation, Germany, Oct. (1999); Eminent Scientist, Institute for Physical and Chemical Sciences (RIKEN:Japan); Award for Excellence in Adhesion Research, The Society of Adhesion; and The International Research Award, Society of Plastic Engineers (SPE). He is both SAMPE Fellow and SPE Fellow. He has been the coordinator for establishing a graduate college in polymers and petrochemistry at Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, in the past 20 years. He has 11 edited and translated books, 40 disclosures and patents, and over 440 papers to his credit. His H-index is 63 with total citations of more than 13,000 (as of 09/18/2014). He is a member of the editorial board of “The Journal of Adhesion,” “Journal of Nanostructured Polymers and Nanocomposites,” “Polymers,” “Journal of Materials,” “International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry,” “Austin Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology,” “International Journal of Nano Studies & Technology,” “International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry,” and “Recent Patents on Materials Science,” and Editor-in-Chief of "Composite Interfaces," and Associate Editor of “Polymers and Polymer Composites” as well as “Frontiers: Composite Materials.”

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Tarek Agag

Affiliations and Expertise

Elastomer Adhesives & Coatings Technologies (EACT), LORD Corporation, Erie, PA, USA