This handbook provides a wide overview of the field, fundamental understanding of the synthetic methods and structure/property correlation, as well as studies related to applications in a wide range of subjects. The handbook also provides 1H and 13C NMR spectra, FTIR spectra, DSC and TGA thermograms to aid in research activities. Additional tables on key NMR and FTIR frequencies unique to benzoxazine, heat of polymerization, Tg, and char yield will greatly aid in the choice of proper benzoxazine for a specific application.

Key Features

  • Provides thorough coverage of the chemistry and applications of benzoxazine resins with an evidence-based approach to enable chemists, engineers and material scientists to evaluate effectiveness
  • Features spectra, which allow researchers to compare results, avoid repetition and save time as well as tables on key NMR frequency, IR frequency, heat of polymerization, of many benzoxazine resins to aid them in selection of materials
  • Written by the foremost experts in the field


Graduate and post graduate level students and researchers in polymer science, materials science polymer chemistry, chemical/biochemical and biomedical engineering and analytical chemistry

Table of Contents

Part I. Introduction
1. Overview and historical background of polybenzoxazine research (H. Ishida)
Part II. Physical and Chemical Properties of Benzoxazine Resins
2. Synthesis of benzoxazines in solutions and melt (H. Ishida, and Jin-Ping Liu)
3. Molecular modeling (Yi Gu, and Ming Li)
4. Mono-substituted phenol-based benzoxazines : Inevitable dimerization via self-termination and its metal complexation (S. Chirachanchai, S. Phongtamrug, A. Laobuthee, and K. Tashiro)
5. Using molecular simulation to predict the physical and mechanical properties of polybenzoxazines (I. Hamerton, B.J. Howlin,  A.L. Mitchell, S.A.Hall, and L. McNamara)
6. Chemorheology of benzoxazine-based resins (S. Rimdusit, C. Jubsilp, P. Kunopast, and W. Bangsen)
7. Polymerization kinetics (C. Jubsilp, and S. Rimdusit)
8. Electrochemical polymerization of benzoxazines (Wei Chen)
9. Light Induced Reactions of Benzoxazines (M.At. Tasdelen, B. Kiskan, B. Gacal, F. Kasapoglu, L. Cianga, and Y. Yagci)
10. Effect of Neighboring Groups on Enhancing Benzoxazine Autocatalytic Polymerization (M. Baqar, T. Agag, S. Qutubuddin, and H. Ishida)
11. Catalytic Opening of Lateral Benzoxazine Rings by Thiols (I. Gorodisher, R.J. DeVoe, and R.J. Webb)
Part III. Physical and Chemical Properties of Cross-linked Polybenzoxazines
12. Hydrogen bonding of polybenzoxazines (Ho-Dong Kim, and H. Ishida)
13. Polybenzoxazines of Enhanced Thermal Properties: The Role of Additional Non-Benzoxazine Polymerizable Groups (T. Agag, S. Geiger, and H. Ishida)
14. Thermal degradation mechanism of polybenzoxazines (J. Hacaloglu, T. Uyer, and H. Ishida)
Part IV. Main-chain, Side-chain, Telechelic and Supramolecular Benzoxazine Architectures
15. Various approaches for main-chain type benzoxazine polymers (S. Alhassan, D. Schiraldi, T. Agag, S. Qutubuddin, and H. Ishida)
16. Side and end chain benzoxazine functional polymers (B. Kiskan, and Y. Yagci)
17. Supramol


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© 2011
Print ISBN:
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About the authors

Hatsuo Ishida

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Tarek Agag

Affiliations and Expertise

Elastomer Adhesives & Coatings Technologies (EACT), LORD Corporation, Erie, PA, USA