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Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128173886, 9780128173893

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

1st Edition

Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as Green Solvent

Editors: Dr Inamuddin Abdullah Asiri Arun Isloor
eBook ISBN: 9780128173893
Paperback ISBN: 9780128173886
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 29th October 2019
Page Count: 506
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Green Sustainable Processes for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as Green Solvent provides an in-depth review on the area of green processes for the industry, focusing on the separation, purification and extraction of medicinal, biological and bioactive compounds utilizing supercritical carbon dioxide as a green solvent and their applications in pharmaceuticals, polymers, leather, paper, water filtration, textiles and more. Chapters explore polymerization, polymer composite production, polymer blending, particle production, microcellular foaming, polymer processing using supercritical carbon dioxide, and a method for the production of micro- and nano-scale particles using supercritical carbon dioxide that focuses on the pharmaceutical industry.

A brief introduction and limitations to the practical use of supercritical carbon dioxide as a reaction medium are also discussed, as are the applications of supercritical carbon dioxide in the semiconductor processing industry for wafer processing and its advantages and obstacles.

Key Features

  • Reviews available green solvents for extraction, separation, purification and synthesis
  • Outlines environmentally friendly chemical processes in many applications, i.e., organic reactions, metal recovery, etc.
  • Includes numerous, real industrial applications, such as polymers, pharmaceuticals, leather, paper, water filtration, textiles, food, oils and fats, and more
  • Gives detailed accounts of the application of supercritical CO2 in polymer production and processing
  • Provides a process for extraction, seperation and purification of compounds of biological medicinal importance
  • Gives methods for nanoparticle production using supercritical carbon dioxide
  • Provides a systematic discussion on the solubility of organic and organometallic compounds


Post-graduates, researchers, and academics in chemistry, physics, biology, biotechnology, and other interdisciplinary fields of science and technology as well as biochemical, chemical, pharmaceutical and materials synthesis industries

Table of Contents

1. Polymer production and processing using supercritical carbon dioxide

Ajazuddin Ajazuddin

2. Extraction of bio-oils from algae using supercritical carbon dioxide

Alok Patel

3. Extraction of catechins from green tea using supercritical carbon dioxide

Amit Alexander

4. Application of supercritical CO2 for enhanced oil recovery

Anabela Romano

5. Metal recovery using supercritical carbon dioxide

Daniel Bertuol

6. Use of supercritical CO2 in alkylations reactions

Dhanya Sunil

7. Extraction of phytochemicals from saffron by supercritical carbon dioxide

Emma Suali

8. Extraction of bioactive compounds

Fernanda Wariss Figueiredo Bezerra

9. Extraction of green propolis using supercritical carbon dioxide

Fernando Pellegrini Pessoa Sr.

10. Solubility of Pharmaceutical Compounds in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide: Application, Experimental and Mathematical Modelling

Gholamreza Pazuki

11. Decaffeination using supercritical carbon dioxide

Giovani Leone Zabot

12. Super critical fluids for the extraction of oleoresins and plant phenolics

gun hean chong

13. Applications of supercritical carbon dioxide in textile industry

Heri Septya Kusuma

14. Hydrogenation of fats and oils using supercritical carbon dioxide

Ming Bao

15. Extraction of bioactives from citrus

Mudasir Yaqoob

16. Solubility of organic compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide

Mudasir Ahmad Shagoo

17. Super critical carbon dioxide extraction of marigold

Muhammad Mushtaq

18. Industrial polymer synthesis using supercritical carbon dioxide

Natascha Cheikhyoussef

19. Solubility of organometallic complexes in supercritical carbon dioxide

Shahryar Jafarinejad


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2019
29th October 2019
eBook ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editors

Dr Inamuddin

Inamuddin is an assistant professor at the Department of Applied Chemistry, Zakir Husain College of Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. He has extensive research experience in analytical chemistry, materials chemistry, electrochemistry, renewable energy, and environmental science, and his research interests include ion exchange materials, sensors for heavy metal ions, biofuel cells, supercapacitors, and bending actuators. He has worked on different research projects funded by various government agencies and universities and is the recipient of several awards for his work. He has published more than 180 research articles, 18 book chapters, and 120 edited books with multiple well-known publishers and scientific journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Applied Chemistry, Zakir Husain College of Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

Abdullah Asiri

Prof. Abdullah M. Asiri is the Head of the Chemistry Department at King Abdulaziz University since October 2009 and he is the founder and the Director of the Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR) since 2010 till date. He is the Professor of Organic Photochemistry. His research interest covers color chemistry, synthesis of novel photochromic and thermochromic systems, synthesis of novel coloring matters and dyeing of textiles, materials chemistry, nanochemistry and nanotechnology, polymers and plastics. A major achievement of Prof. Asiri is the discovery of tribochromic compounds, a class of compounds which change from slightly or colorless to deep colored when subjected to small pressure or when grind. This discovery was introduced to the scientific community as a new terminology published by IUPAC in 2000. This discovery was awarded a patent from European Patent office and from UK patent. He is also a member of the Editorial Board of various journals of international repute. He is the Vice- President of Saudi Chemical Society (Western Province Branch). He holds four USA patents, more than 800 Publications in international journals, seven book chapters, and ten books

Affiliations and Expertise

Chemistry Department, Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Arun Isloor

Arun Isloor obtained his Ph.D degree from Mangalore University, India and completed his postdoctoral research at Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Israel. Currently, he is serving as Associate Professor in Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal-India. His research interests include membrane technology for water purification and other separation processes, nanomaterials synthesis and medicinal chemistry. He has successfully guided 16 candidates for their Ph.D and published more than 200 papers. His current Scopus ‘h’ index is 25 and one US patent in his credit and few more have been filed. He is having active research collaborations in many counties and delivered more than 40 invited lectures in the national/International conferences. He has published more than 100 science and technology related articles in India’s leading magazines and newspapers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, India


"The extraction chapters focus primarily on applications of biological and bioactive compounds: extraction of catechins from green tea, lipids from algae, propolis, oleoresins and plant phenolics, essential oils, caffeine, and several chemicals from citrus, marigold, saffron, and other plants. The extended focus on extraction and purification of biological compounds is not surprising, since these materials tend to be very sensitive to temperature, making the comparative lower temperatures of SC-CO2 very attractive. The chapter on decaffeination is particularly well covered, probably given the fact that this extraction has been performed using SC-CO2 for quite a few years. The extraction chapters include an introduction of the relevance of the compounds extracted, short descriptions of the processes used, and advantages of using SC-CO2. These chapters also include several summary tables comparing different extraction methods, experimental conditions, alternative solvents, and types of extractions. The book chapters start from the premise that supercritical carbon dioxide is a “green” solvent. Although most chapters discuss disadvantages and limitations of using SC-CO2, they do not deeply cover sustainability metrics to evaluate the “greenness” of carbon dioxide as a solvent, including advantages and disadvantages. Chapter 11 on decaffeination is the only chapter to include a substantial discussion on environmental metrics such as life cycle assessment to evaluate the environmental profile of the supercritical carbon dioxide process. If readers are interested in evaluating the environmental profile of using SC-CO2 compared to other solvents, they will need to look for a different publication. I believe this book is useful as a technical reference of some applications of supercritical carbon dioxide and is particularly useful in supplying extraction scenarios. The list price is comparable to other books that belong to this type of reference material. This work is not structured as a textbook but could be useful as supporting material for graduate or senior classes covering green chemistry or engineering to offer students practical examples of industrial or research uses of supercritical carbon dioxide. However, this would need to be supported by other references that critically evaluate the environmental profile of using carbon dioxide compared to other alternatives using appropriate metrics." --ASEE

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