Graphene

Graphene

Properties, Preparation, Characterisation and Devices

1st Edition - January 24, 2014

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  • Editors: Viera Skakalova, Alan Kaiser
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857099334

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Description

Graphene: Properties, Preparation, Characterisation and Devices reviews the preparation and properties of this exciting material. Graphene is a single-atom-thick sheet of carbon with properties, such as the ability to conduct light and electrons, which could make it potentially suitable for a variety of devices and applications, including electronics, sensors, and photonics. Chapters in part one explore the preparation of , including epitaxial growth of graphene on silicon carbide, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of graphene films, chemically derived graphene, and graphene produced by electrochemical exfoliation. Part two focuses on the characterization of graphene using techniques including transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), and Raman spectroscopy. These chapters also discuss photoemission of low dimensional carbon systems. Finally, chapters in part three discuss electronic transport properties of graphene and graphene devices. This part highlights electronic transport in bilayer graphene, single charge transport, and the effect of adsorbents on electronic transport in graphene. It also explores graphene spintronics and nano-electro-mechanics (NEMS). Graphene is a comprehensive resource for academics, materials scientists, and electrical engineers working in the microelectronics and optoelectronics industries.

Key Features

  • Explores the graphene preparation techniques, including epitaxial growth on silicon carbide, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), chemical derivation, and electrochemical exfoliation
  • Focuses on the characterization of graphene using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), and Raman spectroscopy
  • A comprehensive resource for academics, materials scientists, and electrical engineers

Readership

Materials scientists and electrical engineers working in the microelectronics and optoelectronics industry

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials

    Preface

    Part I: Preparation of graphene

    1. Epitaxial growth of graphene on silicon carbide (SiC)

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) thermal decomposition of single-crystal SiC

    1.3 Thermal decomposition of single-crystal SiC under ambient pressure conditions

    1.4 Thermal decomposition of single-crystal SiC thin films and polycrystalline SiC substrates

    1.5 Epitaxial graphene formed by intercalation

    1.6 Conclusion

    1.7 Acknowledgements

    1.8 References

    2. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of graphene films

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on nickel

    2.3 Graphene with large domain sizes on copper

    2.4 Growth on copper single crystals

    2.5 Periodically stacked multilayers

    2.6 Isotope labeling of CVD graphene

    2.7 Conclusion

    2.8 Acknowledgment

    2.9 References

    3. Chemically derived graphene

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Synthesis of graphene oxide (GO)

    3.3 Reduction of graphene oxide (GO)

    3.4 Physicochemical structure of graphene oxide (GO)

    3.5 Electrical transport in graphene oxide (GO)

    3.6 Applications of graphene oxide/reduced graphene oxide (GO/RGO)

    3.7 Conclusion

    3.8 Acknowledgements

    3.9 References

    4. Graphene produced by electrochemical exfoliation

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Synthesis of graphene by electrochemical exfoliation: a basic concept

    4.3 Applications of graphene and graphene-based materials

    4.4 Conclusion

    4.5 Acknowledgments

    4.6 References

    Part II: Characterisation of graphene

    5. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of graphene

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Graphene structure basics

    5.3 Electron diffraction analysis of graphene

    5.4 Graphene and defects in graphene observed by aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)

    5.5 Insights from electron microscopic studies of graphene

    5.6 Conclusion

    5.7 References

    6. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) of graphene

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Morphology, perfection and electronic structure of graphene flakes deposited on inert substrates

    6.3 Morphology, perfection and electronic structure of graphene epitaxially grown on semiconductor and metallic substrates

    6.4 Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM)/scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) of point defects

    6.5 STM/STS on graphene nanoribbons (GNR)

    6.6 Conclusion

    6.7 References

    7. Raman spectroscopy of graphene

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Principles of Raman scattering

    7.3 Phonons in graphene

    7.4 Electronic structure of graphene

    7.5 Raman spectrum of graphene

    7.6 Conclusion

    7.7 Acknowledgement

    7.8 References

    8. Photoemission of low-dimensional carbon systems

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Photoemission spectroscopy

    8.3 Accessing the electronic properties of carbon sp2 hybridized systems: the C1s core level

    8.4 Chemical state identification: inspection of bonding environments

    8.5 Valence-band electronic structure

    8.6 Conclusion

    8.7 Acknowledgements

    8.8 References

    Part III: Electronic transport properties of graphene and graphene devices

    9. Electronic transport in graphene: towards high mobility

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Metrics for scattering strength

    9.3 Methods of graphene synthesis

    9.4 Sources of scattering in graphene

    9.5 Approaches to increase carrier mobility

    9.6 Physical phenomena in high-mobility graphene

    9.7 Conclusion

    9.8 Acknowledgments

    9.9 References

    10. Electronic transport in bilayer graphene

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Historical development of bilayer graphene

    10.3 Transport properties in bilayer graphene systems

    10.4 Many-body effects of transport properties in bilayer graphene

    10.5 Conclusion

    10.6 References

    11. Effect of adsorbents on electronic transport in graphene

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Interaction of adsorbates with graphene

    11.3 Transfer-induced metal and molecule adsorptions

    11.4 Influence of adsorbates on graphene field-effect transistors

    11.5 Removal of polymer residues on graphene

    11.6 Conclusion

    11.7 References

    12. Single-charge transport in graphene

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Single-charge tunneling

    12.3 Electrical properties of graphene

    12.4 Single-charge tunneling in graphene

    12.5 Charge localization in graphene

    12.6 Conclusion

    12.7 References

    13. Graphene spintronics

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Theories and important concepts

    13.3 Experiments for generating pure spin current and the physical properties of pure spin current

    13.4 Conclusion and future trends

    13.5 References

    14. Graphene nanoelectromechanics (NEMS)

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Graphene versus silicon

    14.3 Graphene mechanical attributes

    14.4 Fabrication technology for graphene microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)

    14.5 Graphene nanoresonators

    14.6 Graphene nanomechanical sensors

    14.7 Conclusion and future trends

    14.8 References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2014
  • Published: January 24, 2014
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857099334

About the Editors

Viera Skakalova

Viera Skákalová works for the Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Austria.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Vienna, Austria

Alan Kaiser

Alan Kaiser is Emeritus Professor at the School of Chemical and Physical Sciences and MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

Affiliations and Expertise

Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand

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