Geothermal Power Plants

Geothermal Power Plants

Principles, Applications, Case Studies and Environmental Impact

4th Edition - November 25, 2015

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  • Author: Ronald DiPippo
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081002902
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081008799

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Now in its 4th edition, this single resource covers all aspects of the utilization of geothermal energy for power generation using fundamental scientific and engineering principles. Its practical emphasis is enhanced by the use of global case studies from real plants and applications from around the world that increase your understanding of geothermal energy conversion and provide a unique compilation of hard-to-obtain data and experience.Technical, economic and business aspects presented in case studies provide current and up-and-coming geothermal developers and entrepreneurs with a solid understanding of opportunities and pitfalls. Geothermal Power Plants, 4th Edition, presents state-of-the-art geothermal developments and experience of real applications for professionals, and a comprehensive reference for theory and practice.

Key Features

  • Important new and revised content on double- and triple-flash steam power plants, plant and well pumps, and biomass-geothermal and solar-geothermal hybrid systems
  • New chapters on global case studies with comprehensive and up-to-date statistics, including New Zealand, Indonesia, Central America and the Caribbean, and the state of Nevada, USA, plus updated chapters on Larderello (Italy), The Geysers (USA), Turkey and Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) make this useable and relevant for a global audience
  • Revised and additional practice problems with emphasis on system simulation using electronic equations of state for working fluid properties. SI units are now used exclusively


Geothermal reservoir engineers; geothermal professionals; mechanical, electrical, chemical, industrial, and power engineers; system designers; power plant technicians; geoscientific researchers; project developers and managers; advanced students

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Foreword to the Fourth Edition

    Preface and Acknowledgements to the Fourth Edition

    What’s New in the Fourth Edition?

    A Few Observations

    A Newcomer’s Introduction to Geothermal Power Conversion


    Preface and Acknowledgements to the Third Edition

    Preface and Acknowledgements to the Second Edition

    Preface and Acknowledgements to the First Edition

    Part 1: Resource Identification and Development

    Part 1. Resource Identification and Development

    Chapter 1. Geology of Geothermal Regions


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The Earth and its Atmosphere

    1.3 Active Geothermal Regions

    1.4 Model of a Hydrothermal Geothermal Resource

    1.5 Other Types of Geothermal Resources



    Chapter 2. Exploration Strategies and Techniques


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Objectives of an Exploration Program

    2.3 Phases of an Exploration Program

    2.4 Synthesis and Interpretation

    2.5 The Next Step: Drilling



    Chapter 3. Geothermal Well Drilling


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Site Preparation and Drilling Equipment

    3.3 Drilling Operations

    3.4 Safety Precautions



    Chapter 4. Reservoir Engineering


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Reservoir and Well Flow

    4.3 Well Testing

    4.4 Calcite Scaling in Well Casings

    4.5 Reservoir Modeling and Simulation

    4.6 Reinjection



    Part 2: Geothermal Power Generating Systems

    Part 2. Geothermal Power Generating Systems

    Chapter 5. Single-Flash Steam Power Plants


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Gathering System Design Considerations

    5.3 Energy Conversion System

    5.4 Thermodynamics of the Conversion Process

    5.5 Example: Single-Flash Optimization

    5.6 Optimum Separator Temperature: An Approximate Formulation

    5.7 Environmental Aspects for Single-Flash Plants

    5.8 Equipment List for Single-Flash Plants


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 5


    Chapter 6. Double- and Triple-Flash Steam Power Plants


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Gathering System Design Considerations

    6.3 Energy Conversion Systems

    6.4 Thermodynamics of the Conversion Processes

    6.5 Example: Double-Flash Optimization

    6.6 Scale Potential in Waste Brine

    6.7 Environmental Aspects for Double- and Triple-Flash Plants

    6.8 Equipment List for Double- and Triple-Flash Plants



    Chapter 7. Dry-Steam Power Plants


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Origins and Nature of Dry-Steam Resources

    7.3 Steam Gathering System

    7.4 Energy Conversion System

    7.5 Example: Optimum Wellhead Pressure

    7.6 Environmental Aspects of Dry-Steam Plants

    7.7 Equipment List for Dry-Steam Plants


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 7


    Chapter 8. Binary Cycle Power Plants


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Basic Binary Systems

    8.3 Working Fluid Selection

    8.4 Advanced Binary Cycles

    8.5 Example of Binary Cycle Analysis

    8.6 Environmental Impact of Binary Cycles

    8.7 Equipment List for Basic Binary Plants

    8.8 Pumps


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 8


    Chapter 9. Advanced Geothermal Energy Conversion Systems


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Hybrid Single-Flash and Double-Flash Systems

    9.3 Hybrid Flash-Binary Systems

    9.4 Example: Integrated Flash-Binary Hybrid System

    9.5 Total-Flow Systems

    9.6 Hybrid Fossil-Geothermal Systems

    9.7 Combined Heat and Power Plants

    9.8 Power Plants for Hypersaline Brines

    9.9 Solar-Geothermal Hybrid Plants


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 9


    Chapter 10. Exergy Analysis Applied to Geothermal Power Systems


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 First Law for Open, Steady Systems

    10.3 Second Law for Open, Steady Systems

    10.4 Exergy

    10.5 Exergy Accounting for Open, Steady Systems

    10.6 Exergy Efficiencies and Applications to Geothermal Plants

    10.7 Thermal Versus Utilization Efficiency for Geothermal Plants



    Part 3: Geothermal Power Plant Case Studies

    Part 3. Geothermal Power Plant Case Studies

    Chapter 11. Larderello Dry-Steam Power Plants, Tuscany, Italy


    11.1 History of Development

    11.2 Geology and Reservoir Characteristics

    11.3 Power Plants

    11.4 Mitigation of Environmental Impact


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 11

    Chapter 12. The Geysers Dry-Steam Power Plants, Sonoma and Lake Counties, California, USA


    12.1 History and Early Power Plants

    12.2 Geographic and Geologic Setting

    12.3 Well Drilling

    12.4 Steam Pipeline System

    12.5 Power Plants

    12.6 Recharging the Reservoir

    12.7 Toward Sustainability


    Chapter 13. Geothermal Power Plants of New Zealand


    13.1 History of Geothermal Development in New Zealand

    13.2 Wairakei and Related Power Stations

    13.3 Rotokawa and NAP Power Plants

    13.4 Other Geothermal Plants

    13.5 Outlook for Development


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 13

    Chapter 14. Geothermal Power Plants of Indonesia


    14.1 Geographic and Geologic Setting

    14.2 Early Geothermal Development

    14.3 Kamojang and Darajat Power Stations

    14.4 Wayang Windu Power Plant

    14.5 Other Geothermal Plants

    14.6 Outlook for Development


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 14

    Chapter 15. Geothermal Power Plants in Central America and the Caribbean


    15.1 Geologic Setting

    15.2 History of Development

    15.3 El Salvador

    15.4 Nicaragua

    15.5 Costa Rica

    15.6 Guatemala

    15.7 Other Central American Prospects

    15.8 Caribbean Islands

    15.9 South American Prospects


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 15

    Chapter 16. Geothermal Power Plants in Nevada, USA


    16.1 Geologic Setting

    16.2 Brief History of Development

    16.3 Steamboat Geothermal Power Complex

    16.4 Flash Plants

    16.5 Binary Plants

    16.6 Stillwater Plants

    16.7 Lessons Learned from Nevada’s Experience


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 16

    Chapter 17. Heber Binary Plants, Imperial Valley, California, USA


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Exploration and Discovery

    17.3 The First Heber Binary Plant

    17.4 The Second Heber Binary Plant


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 17

    Chapter 18. Magmamax Binary Power Plant, East Mesa, Imperial Valley, California, USA


    18.1 Setting and Exploration

    18.2 Magmamax Binary Power Plant

    18.3 Modified Magmamax Binary Power Plant

    18.4 Conclusion


    Chapter 19. Nesjavellir and Hellisheidi Plants, Iceland


    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Geology and Geosciences

    19.3 Nesjavellir Power Plant

    19.4 Hellisheidi Power Plant


    Chapter 20. Raft River Plants, Idaho, USA


    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Geology and Geosciences

    20.3 Original Development—DOE Pilot Plant

    20.4 New Development—USGeo Plant


    Chapter 21. Geothermal Power Plants in Turkey


    21.1 Geologic Setting

    21.2 Kızıldere Single-Flash Plant

    21.3 Salavatlı Binary Plants

    21.4 Germencik Double-Flash Plant

    21.5 Pamukören Binary Plant

    21.6 Environmental Impact

    21.7 Current State and Future Prospects of Geothermal Power


    Nomenclature for Figures in Chapter 21

    Chapter 22. Enhanced Geothermal Systems—Projects and Plants


    22.1 Definitions

    22.2 Early Projects

    22.3 Later Projects

    22.4 EGS Power Plants

    22.5 Proposed Projects


    Chapter 23. Environmental Impact of Geothermal Power Plants


    23.1 Overview

    23.2 Regulations

    23.3 General Impacts of Electricity Generation

    23.4 Environmental Advantages of Geothermal Plants

    23.5 Environmental Challenges of Geothermal Plants

    23.6 Summary


    Appendix A. Worldwide State of Geothermal Power Plant Development as of December 2014

    Appendix B. Units Conversions

    Appendix C. Energy Equivalents

    Appendix D. Elements of Thermodynamics

    D.1 Purpose

    D.2 Systems and Properties

    D.3 First Law of Thermodynamics for Closed Systems

    D.4 First Law of Thermodynamics for Open Systems

    D.5 Second Law of Thermodynamics for Closed Systems

    D.6 Second Law of Thermodynamics for Open Systems

    D.7 Thermodynamic State Diagrams

    Appendix E. Answers to Selected Practice Problems

    Chapter 1

    Chapter 2

    Chapter 3

    Chapter 4

    Chapter 5

    Chapter 6

    Chapter 7

    Chapter 8

    Chapter 9

    Chapter 10

    Appendix F. REFPROP Tutorial with Application to Geothermal Binary Cycles

    F.1 Introduction

    F.2 Typical Geothermal Binary Power Cycle

    F.3 REFPROP State-Point Properties

    F.4 REFPROP as an Excel Function



Product details

  • No. of pages: 800
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2015
  • Published: November 25, 2015
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081002902
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081008799

About the Author

Ronald DiPippo

Ronald DiPippo is a geothermal expert and renewable energy consultant.. He is also Chancellor Professor Emeritus and former Associate Dean of Engineering at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, United States.

Affiliations and Expertise

Renewable Energy Consultant, Chancellor Professor Emeritus, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Massachusetts, USA

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