1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Author: Jean Aubouin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274935

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Geosynclines is devoted to the geosynclines concept, which states that the most elevated parts of the earth's crust—the mountains—had risen by a gigantic inversion of relief from the more depressed regions where they had originated. This book re-examines the concept in light of further geological evidence. The book is organized into four parts. Part I presents a detailed account of the birth and development of the geosynclinal concept. It shows that only the European (Alpine) concept of the geosyncline involves a fundamental palaeogeographical differentiation of mountain chains, and that it is from this standpoint that the American concept must be considered if it is to be placed in a more general framework. Part II attempts to define the geosynclinal concept in the Alpine sense of the term: i.e., in the light of current views on the Mediterranean chains of the Alpine cycle, which are the best documented. Part III collates the information acquired on the various aspects of geosynclines as exemplified by the Mediterranean chains of the Alpine cycle. Part IV discusses the degree to which the ""Alpine"" concept of the geosyncline may be extended in time.

Table of Contents

  • List of Figures and Tables

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Part I Historical Review: Birth and Development of the Geosynclinal Concept

    Chapter 2. The Birth of the Geosynclinal Concept

    J. Hall (1859)

    J. D. Dana (1866, 1873)

    E. Haug(1900)

    Conclusions: The American and European Conceptions of the Geosyncline

    Chapter 5. The Attempts at Classification of Geosynclines

    C. Schuchert (1923)

    H. Stille (1913-1940)

    M. Kay (1942-1951)

    A. V. Peyve and V. M. Sinitzyn (1950)


    Part II The Geosynclinal Concept as Illustrated by the Mediterranean Chains of the Alpine Cycle

    Chapter 4. The Hellenides


    Palaeogeographical and Structural Framework

    Palaeogeographical Evolution


    Chapter 5. The Organizational or Structural Pattern of a Geosyncline


    The simple (or Elementary) Geosyncline: the Eu-Miogeosyncline Couple

    Complex Geosynclines: Divergent (Centrifugal) and Convergent (Centripetal) Symmetry

    Furrows, Ridges, Sial and Sima

    Chapter 6. The Evolutionary Pattern of a Geosyncline


    The Evolutionary Pattern at the Level of the Furrow

    The Evolutionary Pattern at the Level of the Elementary Geosyncline

    The Evolutionary Pattern at the Level of the Complex Geosyncline

    Chapter 7. Conclusions

    Geosynclinal Organization

    Geosynclinal Evolution

    Part III Some Characteristics of Geosynclines as Illustrated by the Mediterranean Chains of the Alpine Cycle

    Chapter 8. Geosynclinal Sedimentation

    Thickness of Geosynclinal Sediments

    Geosynclinal Facies

    Geosynclinal Subsidence

    Chapter 9. Metamorphism and the Geosynclinal Concept

    Chapter 10. Igneous Activity and the Geosynclinal Concept

    General Considerations

    The Ophiolites

    Chapter 11. Geosynclinal Tectonics

    General Considerations

    Intracontinental Chains

    Geosynclinal Chains

    Clarification of the Term Nappe


    Chapter 12. Geosynclinal Orogenesis (and Tectogenesis)

    General Considerations

    Geosynclinal Orogenesis

    Geosynclinal Tectogenesis

    The Problem of Embryonic Tectogenesis

    Chapter 13. The Siting of Geosynclines

    General Considerations

    Geosynclinal Migration

    The Genesis of Geosynclines

    Part IV Extension of the Geosynclinal Concept in the Alpine Sense in Space and Time

    Chapter 14. The Geosynclinal Concept and the Present Epoch

    General Considerations

    The Post-Geosynclinal Period: the Mediterranean

    The Late-Geosynclinal Period: the Sunda Islands

    The Geosynclinal Period

    Chapter 15. The Geosynclinal Concept and the Pre-Alpine Period

    The Hercynian (Variscan) Chain in Europe

    The Caledonian Chain in Europe: Scandinavia

    The Precambrian Chain in Europe: Finland

    Part V Synthesis

    Chapter 16. General Conclusions

    The Geosynclinal Pattern of Organization

    The Geosynclinal Pattern of Evolution

    Comparison with Older Chains



Product details

  • No. of pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274935

About the Author

Jean Aubouin

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