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Geology of the China Seas - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444593887, 9780444593948

Geology of the China Seas, Volume 6

1st Edition

Authors: Pinxian Wang Qianyu Li Chun-Feng Li
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444593887
eBook ISBN: 9780444593948
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st June 2014
Page Count: 702
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Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: Introduction
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 2: General Outline of the China Seas
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction: Marginal Seas Between Asia and Pacific
    • 2.2 Bathymetry and Geomorphology
    • 2.3 River Deltas and Catchments
    • 2.4 Oceanography and Climatology
    • 2.5 Oceanographic Summary
  • Chapter 3: Tectonic Framework and Magmatism
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Outline of Present-Day Tectonic Framework
    • 3.3 Mesozoic Tectonic Background
    • 3.4 Cenozoic Continental Margin Rifting and Subsidence
    • 3.5 The SCS and Okinawa Trough
    • 3.6 Magmatisms and Neotectonics
    • 3.7 Tectonic Summary
  • Chapter 4: Sedimentology
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Modern Sediment Distribution
    • 4.3 Depositional History
    • 4.4 Terrigenous Sediments
    • 4.5 Biogenic Sediments
    • 4.6 Volcanic Sediments
    • 4.7 Sedimentologic Summary
  • Chapter 5: Basins and Stratigraphy
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 An Overview of Lithostratigraphy
    • 5.3 Regional Stratigraphy and Sequence Stratigraphy
    • 5.4 Isotopic and Astronomical Stratigraphy
    • 5.5 Stratigraphic Summary
  • Chapter 6: Paleoceanography and Sea-Level Changes
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Paleoceanography: Long-Term Trends
    • 6.3 Late Quaternary Paleoceanography and Sea-Level Changes
    • 6.4 Summary
  • Chapter 7: Hydrocarbon and Mineral Resources
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Hydrocarbon Resources
    • 7.3 Mineral Resources
    • 7.4 Other Resources
    • 7.5 Summary
  • Chapter 8: History of the China Seas
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Occurrences of Pre-Oligocene Marine Deposits
    • 8.3 Formation of Modern China Seas
    • 8.4 Debates on Cenozoic Marine Transgressions in China
  • Chapter 9: Concluding Remarks
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Relatively Young Age of Formation
    • 9.2 Effect of Topographic Reversal of East Asia
    • 9.3 Restricted Connection with the Open Ocean
    • 9.4 Extensive Continental Shelves
  • Index


Geology of the China Seas represents the first English-language synthesis of the available research into the geology of the South and East China Seas. Among the marginal basins worldwide, these areas have been the focus of extensive research activities in the last three decades, and are now among the global hot spots in hydrocarbon explorations and scientific investigations. The region is experiencing rapid economic development with the offshore petroleum industry providing approximately one third of the domestic hydrocarbon production for mainland China. Gas hydrates have been successfully recovered from the China Seas for the first time.

Over the years, many volumes on the geology of the China Seas have been published in Chinese. Although an increasing number of papers in English have appeared recently, the majority deal with local or regional paleo-environment and sedimentology, and are scattered in different journals. This book brings together this rich data in one resource, particularly that generated by Chinese marine geologists and petroleum geologists, and provides the very first synthesis of the geology off China.

Key Features

  • The first systematic summary of the geology of the China Seas
  • Includes comprehensive coverage of the South China Sea and the East China Sea, including the Yellow Sea and Bohai Gulf
  • Reviews hundreds of Chinese publications on marine and petroleum geology not currently accessible to the international community


Researchers and postgraduate students in geology, marine sciences, and climate and environmental change, as well as geologists in industry, geographers and economists interested in offshore resources


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2014
1st June 2014
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

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About the Authors

Pinxian Wang

Pinxian Wang

Pinxian Wang graduated from the Moscow State University in 1960, majoring in paleontology, and was Alexander von Humboldt Fellow in 1981-82 in Kiel, Germany. He is now Professor at the Tongji University, where he was Director of the Department and Laboratory of Marine Geology for years. His research fields are basically paleoceanography and micropaleontology in the Western Pacific and paleo-monsoon studies in East Asia, especially in the South China Sea. He was co-chief scientist of the Ocean Drilling Program Leg 184 in 1999 and the Marco Polo Cruise in 2005, both to the South China Sea. He initiated the series of “Asian Marine Geology Conference” in 1988, and led the international working groups on paleo-monsoons. Currently he is leading a major research program “The South China Sea Deep” founded by the Chinese NSF.

He was elected into the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991. He is Honorary Fellow of the Geological Society, London, Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was awarded the Milutin Milankovitch Medal in 2007 by the European Geoscience Union.

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai, China

Qianyu Li

Qiyanu Li has been professor of marine geology at Tongji University since 2004, after ten years association with Adelaide University as a researcher. He received his MSc from University College London in 1986 and his PhD from Imperial College in 1991, majoring in marine geology and micropaleontology. He was awarded QE II Fellow by Australian Research Council during 1998-2002. His main research areas include micropaleontology, stratigraphy and paleoceanography. He sailed three cruises on the JOIDES Resolution: ODP 182, IODP 308 and IODP 349. He was also involved in post-cruise studies of ODP 120 and ODP 184. He has published two co-authored/edited books and over 100 papers on stratigraphy and paleoclimate changes mainly in two geographic regions: southern Australia and the South China Sea.

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai, China

Chun-Feng Li

Chun-Feng Li is the professor and deputy director of State Key Lab of Marine Geology at Tongji University. He received a BS in geology from China Univ. of Geosciences (Wuhan), an MS in tectonophysics from Institute of Crustal Dynamics and Graduate School Academia Sinica, an MS in geophysics from the University of Houston, and a PhD in geophysics from the University of Tulsa. His main research interests are tectonophysics and geodynamics. He has been the principle investigator of over 10 major research projects, and has published over 70 papers and coauthored two books. He was a shipboard scientist in IODP Expedition 316 and a co-chief scientist in IODP Expedition 349. He received an excellent New-Century Scholar award from MOEC and a high-level scholar by Tongji University, and received the Liu Guangding Medal for Young Geophysicists. He is the first inventor of a US patent on seismic attribute. He currently serves as a council member of the Chinese Geophysical Society, and as an editorial board member of Journal of Geodynamics, and Marine Geophysical Research.

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai, China