A transgenic organism is a plant, animal, bacterium, or other living organism that has had a foreign gene added to it by means of genetic engineering. Transgenic plants can arise by natural movement of genes between species, by cross-pollination based hybridization between different plant species (which is a common event in flowering plant evolution), or by laboratory manipulations by artificial insertion of genes from another species. Methods used in traditional breeding that generate transgenic plants by non-recombinant methods are widely familiar to professional plant scientists, and serve important roles in securing a sustainable future for agriculture by protecting crops from pest and helping land and water to be used more efficiently.
There is worldwide interest in the biosafety issues related to transgenic crops because of issues such as increased pesticide use, increased crop and weed resistance to pesticides, gene flow to related plant species, negative effects on nontarget organisms, and reduced crop and ecosystem diversity. This book is intended to provide the basic information for a wide range of people involved in the release of transgenic crops. These will include scientists and researchers in the initial stage of developing transgenic products, industrialists, and decision makers. It will be of particular interest to plant scientists taking up biotechnological approaches to agricultural improvement for developing nations.
- Discusses traditional and future technology for genetic modification
- Compares conventional non-GM approaches and genetic modification
- Presents a risk assessment methodology for GM techniques
- Details mitigation techniques for human and environmental effects
plant scientists studying genetically modified crops; agricultural engineers; agronomists; researchers; industrialists; lawyers; students; regulators
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION Conventional Approach Improvement Effects Risk Assessment Methodologies Technology
Chapter 2. RISK SOURCE CHARACTERISATION Properties of donor organism Properties of recipient organism DNA Selectable Markers
Chapter 3. EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT Release sites Performance Biological Properties Impact on Human Health Impact on Animals Impact on the Environment Case Studies
Chapter 4. RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK MANAGEMENT ? HUMAN HEALTH Allergies Unintentional Toxins Resistance of Microbes to Antibiotics Mitigation and Containment Approaches Case Studies
Chapter 5. RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK MANAGEMENT ? ENVIRONMENT Agricultural Environment Peri-agricultural and ?natural? environment Spread of Transgenes to non-GM crops Gene Flow to Weeds and Feral Crop Species Impact on Biodiversity of Crop Species and Wild Flora and Fauna Generation of ?Superweeds? Case Studies Stewardship Procedures Co-existence of GM and non-GM crops Testing for GM Modifying Agronomic Practices
Chapter 6. REGULATORY SYSTEMS Current framework of GM regulation International Conventions and Agreements Major Regulatory Systems Major Sources of Information.
Chapter 7 THE POLITICS OF GM TECHNOLOGY Development of Regulation of GM Crops Risk Perception Understanding the Scientific Process Bioethical Aspects <BR id="CRL
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- © Academic Press 2009
- 24th July 2009
- Academic Press
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- Hardcover ISBN:
"Overall, the authors have done a highly commendable job of compiling, organizing, and explaining in clear, unbiased language what is involved in getting a GM product through the current national and international regulatory schemes." -- Professor Kent J. Bradford, Seed Biotechnology Center, University of California, Davis, CA, USA