Gastrointestinal Defence Mechanisms - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080273501, 9781483190181

Gastrointestinal Defence Mechanisms

1st Edition

Satellite Symposium of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Pécs, Hungary, 1980

Editors: Gy. Mózsik O. Hänninen T. Jàvor
eBook ISBN: 9781483190181
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 606
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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 29: Gastrointestinal Defence Mechanisms is a collection of papers that details the findings of research studies on the theoretical and practical aspects of the gastrointestinal defense mechanisms. The title first covers circulation and mucosal defense, and then proceeds to tackling the association of gastrointestinal mechanisms with the secretory functions. Next, the selection deals with the resistance in gastric mucosa and mucosal energy provision. The text also discusses cell renewal and toxicity, along with biotransformation and nutrition. In Part VII, the title details the immunomechanisms of defense at mucosa. The last part covers the second line defense at liver and enterohepatic circulation. The book will of great interest to both researchers and practitioners of medical fields concerned with the digestive system.

Table of Contents


Preface

Welcoming Address

Circulation and Mucosal Defense

Circulatory Responses to Changes of Intestinal Contents

The Role of the Microcirculation in the Gastrointestinal Defense Mechanism

Impaired Defense Mechanism to Peptic Ulcer in the Capsaicin-Desensitized Rat

Defense and Secretory Functions

Pseudocholinesterase Activity in Human Oral Fluid

Regulation of Water Flux across Isolated Gastric Mucosa

Test of Connection between Hypersecretion Produced Extragastric Stimulus and Sodium Metabolism

Effect of Somatic Stimulus on the Acid Secretion Activity in Male and Female Rats

Role of the Functional State of the Gastric Mucosa in Relation to Development of Epinephrine Effects on Rat Stomach

The Effects of Atropine, Carbenoxolone, Atropine plus Carbenoxolone on the Gastric Acid Secretion and on the Aspirin-Induced Mucosal Damage in Rats

Role of the Acute Starvation on the Development of Different Experimental Ulcers in the Rat

Analysis of the Inhibitory Effect of Pelsonin (1:10 Combination of Indomethacin and Sodium-Salicylate) on Shay-Ulcer

The Effect of Intraduodenal Hypertonic Glucose on the Gastric Mucosal Barrier

Resistance in Gastric Mucosa

Gastric Mucosal Resistance to Physical and Chemical Stress

Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Mucins

The Effect of Different Prostaglandins on Restrain Ulcer of Rat

Is Cyclic AMP the Mediator of Cytoprotection by Prostaglandins in Human Gastric Mucosa

Mucosal Energy Provision

Gastric and Small Intestinal Energy Metabolism in Mucosal Damage

Biochemical Aspects of Cytoprotective Effect of Prostacyclin on the Rats' Gastric Mucosal Damage Induced By Topical HCl

Effect of Noise Exposure on the Phosphate Metabolism of Gastric Mucosa

Cell Renewal and Toxicity

The Three-Compartmental Enzyme System of the Enterocyte Relating to Its Digestive and Barrier Functions

The Effect of Cytostatics on Intestinal Protein Loss in Rats

Biological Model System for Investigating Gastrointestinal Side Effects Caused By Cytostatic Agents

Effect of Dianhydrogalactitol on Biochemical and Morphological Characteristics of the Rat Intestinal Mucosa

Biotransformation and Nutrition

Mucosal Biotransformation and Metabolic Gradients in the Intestine

Adaptation of Intestinal Biotransformation to Nutritional Variation

Use of Explant Cultures to Study the Metabolism of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Human Gastrointestinal Tract

The Activity of Epoxidehydratase in Human Colon from Biopsy Tissues

Effect of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Carboxylesterase Activity in Rat Liver and Duodenum

Drug Metabolizing Enzyme Activities in Rats Exposed to Chlorinated Phenols

Xenobiotic Metabolism in Rainbow Trout Intestine

Immunomechanisms on Defense at Mucosa

The Role of the Microbial Flora in the Development, Maintenance and Modulation of Host Immune Functions

Immune Regulation Function of Gastrointestinal Tract. Disorders with Connection of Impaired Immune Regulation

The Local Immunity Is a Part of the Gastrointestinal Defense Mechanism

Some Antimicrobial Defense Mechanisms of the Upper Digestive Tract

Second Line Defense at Liver and Enterohepatic Circulation

Biliary Excretion of Xenobiotics

Fecal Excretion of Digitoxin Metabolites in Germfree (GF) and Conventional (CV) Rats

Effect of D-Glucaro-L,4-Lactone and Antibiotic Ingestion on the Fecal Excretion of Imipramin and Iopanoic Acid

Index

Details

No. of pages:
606
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483190181

About the Editor

Gy. Mózsik

O. Hänninen

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Kuopio, Department of Physiology, PO Box 1627, SF 70211 Kuopio, Finland

T. Jàvor