1st Edition - September 18, 2003

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  • Authors: Christopher Higman, Maarten van der Burgt
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080477992

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This book provides an excellent overview of current technologies for the gasification of coal, oil, gas, biomass and waste feedstocks. Starting from the basic theory, it reviews the potential feedstocks and their suitability for different types of gasification process. Commercial and near-commercial processes are described individually and various features discussed in detail. There is a comprehensive review of contaminants in synthesis gas as well as of gas treating processes. One chapter is devoted to discussions of various chemical, fuel and power applications for gasification. Economic, environmental and safety issues of gasification are also covered. Both authors have been involved with gasification for over 30 years, gaining in the process a fund of practical insight and experience, which is evident throughout the book.

Key Features

* Addresses practical issues such as selection of the best equipment.
* Ideal reference for anyone involved in operating or designing a gasification plant.
* Written in an easy-to-understand format with worked examples and a comprehensive glossary and bibliography.


Chemical engineers, refining, petrochemical industries, chemical engineering students.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    1. Introduction
    1.1 Historical Development of Gasification
    1.2 Gasification Today
    2. The Thermodynamics of Gasification
    2.1 Reactions
    2.2 Thermodynamic Modelling of Gasification
    2.3 Deductions from the Thermodynamic Model
    2.4 Optimizing Process Conditions
    3. The Kinetics of Gasification and Reactor Theory
    3.1 Kinetics
    3.2 Reactor Theory
    3.3 Applications to Reactor Design
    4. Feedstocks and Feedstock Characteristics
    4.1 Coals and Coke
    4.2 Liquid and Gaseous Feedstocks
    4.3 Biomass
    4.4 Wastes
    5. Gasification Processes
    5.1 Moving Bed Processes
    5.2 Fluid Bed Processes
    5.3 Entrained Flow Processes
    5.4 Oil Gasification and Partial Oxidation of Natural Gas
    5.5 Biomass Gasification
    5.6 Gasification of Wastes
    5.7 Black Liquor Gasification
    5.8 Miscellaneous Gasification Processes
    6. Practical Issues
    6.1 Effect of Pressure
    6.2 Pressurization of Coal
    6.3 Coal Sizing and Drying
    6.4 Reactor Design
    6.5 Burners
    6.6 Synthesis Gas Cooling
    6.7 Particulate Removal
    6.8 Process Measurement
    6.9 Trace Compounds in Synthesis Gas
    6.10 Choice of Oxidant
    6.11 Corrosion Aspects
    7. Applications
    7.1 Chemicals
    7.2 Synfuels
    7.3 Power
    8. Auxiliary Technologies
    8.1 Oxygen Supply
    8.2 Acid Gas Removal
    8.3 CO Shift
    8.4 Sulphur Recovery
    9. Economics, Environmental and Safety Issues
    9.1 Economics
    9.2 Environmental
    9.3 Safety
    10. Gasification and the Future

    Appendix A The Companion Website
    Appendix B Conversion factors
    Appendix C Emissions conversion factors
    Appendix D Guidelines for Reporting Operating Statistics for Gasification Facilities
    Appendix E Basis for calculations

    Names of Processes and Companies and Abbreviations

Product details

  • No. of pages: 391
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2003
  • Published: September 18, 2003
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080477992

About the Authors

Christopher Higman

Christopher Higman graduated in 1966 from the University of Oxford and received his M.Sc. from the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. His first contact with gasification was commissioning a producer gas plant in South Africa in 1968. He jopined Lurgi in 1975 and where he spent the next 27 years, mostly involved with gasification and related technologies. He has been responsible for design, project management and start up of a number of ammonia and methanol plants based on the gasification of heavy residues. Other projects for which he was responsible include the gas production units at both the Bintulu and Mossel Bay gas-to-liquids plants and the IGCC/hydrogen production facility at Shell’s Pernis, Netherlands refinery. Before taking up a corporate management position in 1997, he was Head of Gas Technology at Lurgi Öl·Gas·Chemie GmbH.

He is the author of various papers on gasification technology and is a contributor to “Ullmann’s Encyclopaedia of Industrial Chemistry”. He has also been a visiting lecturer at the College of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Oxford. He has a number of patents in the field.

At present Mr. Higman is researching into aspects of soot management in heavy oil gasification plants at the Engler-Bunte-Institute at the University of Karlsruhe.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lurgi Öl·Gas·Chemie, a leading European petrochemical plant contractor

Maarten van der Burgt

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