Gas Migration

Gas Migration

Events Preceding Earthquakes

1st Edition - July 14, 2000

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  • Authors: Leonid F. Khilyuk Ph.D., John O. Robertson Jr., Bernard Endres, G.V. Chilingarian
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080507194

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Description

This breakthrough new book may help save countless lives and avoid enormous losses. It presents a methodology for using gas migration to predict earthquakes and explosive gas buildup. Using rigorous scientific investigation and documented worldwide case histories, this remarkable book presents compelling evidence showing that changes in gas rates, composition, and migration accompany the tectronic events preceding earthquakes and their associated seismic events, such as volcanoes and tsunamis. Because these gas parameters are detectable and measurable, they provide an early warning of seismic activity.Gas Migration is the first book to accumulate, analyze and apply the interdisciplinary knowledge on gas migration and detail its connection to tectronic, seismic, and geologic phenomena. It combines geological, geochemical, geophysical, seismological, and petroleum engineering insights to demonstrate how gas migration and its associated phenomena can be used in earthquake and environmental geohazard identification and prediction. Topics include-·Tectonics and Earthquakes·Gas Migration at Plate Boundaries·Surface Soil-Gas Surveys·Faults and Petroleum Reservoirs·Earthquake Precursors·Whispering Gases·Paths and Mechanics of Gas Migration·Subsidence, Gas Migration, and Seismic Activity·And much moreWith this information, environmental specialists, civil engineers, petroleum geologists, seismologists, and urban planners now have a new and powerful conceptual basis and tool for understanding and perhaps even predicting gas explosions and earthquakes.

Table of Contents

  • TECTONICS AND GAS MIGRATION: Tectonics and Earthquakes; Gas Migration at Plate Boundaries; Surface Soil - Gas Surveys; Southern California-Faults and Petroleum Reservoirs; EVENTS PRECEDING EARTHQUAKES: Earthquake Precursors; Causes of Earthquakes; Magnitude and Intensity of Earthquakes; Forecasting Large Earthquakes; Ancient Fortellers; Messages from the Earth Crust; Fluids Talk; Whispering Gases; Progress in Developing a Forecasting System, Preferential Precursors and Monitoring Network; PRINCIPLES OF GAS MIGRATION: Gas Migration; Typical Composition of Natural Gases; Mechanisms of Gas migration; Paths of Gas Migration; Hazards Resulting from Migrating Gas; Hazards of Gas Storage Fields; INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG SUBSIDENCE, GAS MIGRATION, AND SEISMIC ACTIVITY: Subsidence Mechanics; Fracturing Due to Subsidence; Water Aquifer Subsidence; Technology Induced Earthquakes; Gas Migration in Seismically-Active Areas; Joint Forecasting of Subsidence, Gas Migration, and Seismic Activity; Conclusions; References; Author Index; Subject Index; About the Authors

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2000
  • Published: July 14, 2000
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080507194

About the Authors

Leonid F. Khilyuk Ph.D.

Leonid F. Khilyuk, Ph.D., is a consultant in mathematical modeling of environmental processes at the University of Southern California, former Chairman of the Department of Computer Sciences and Applied Mathematics in the Kiev Technological University. He has over 100 publications worldwide in Mathematical Modeling of Environmental Processes, Control Theory, Probability and Statistics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant in mathematical modeling of environmental processes, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA

John O. Robertson Jr.

John O. Robertson Jr, Ph.D., P.E., has over 30 years experience in the area of petroleum and environmental engineering. He has co-authored over 9 books and 20 articles in leading scientific journals. He has been awarded three gold medals and many international honors for his work. He has served as president of Earth Engineering, Inc., for the past 20 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly President, Earth Engineering, Inc.

Bernard Endres

Bernard Endres, Ph.D., is an environmental consultant specializing in the fields of oil and gas migration, geological site characterization and evaluation of chemicals and gas constituents relating to source identification within the earth’s geological structure. His scientific publications have included the environmental hazards associated with oil and gas migration.

Affiliations and Expertise

Environmental Consultant

G.V. Chilingarian

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-2531, USA

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