Gas Chromatography in Air Pollution Analysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444987327, 9780080858562

Gas Chromatography in Air Pollution Analysis, Volume 49

1st Edition

Authors: V.G. Berezkin Yu.S. Drugov
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444987327
eBook ISBN: 9780080858562
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 25th April 1991
Page Count: 210
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction. Chapter 2. Air as an Object of Analysis. Atmospheric air and sources of atmospheric pollution. General characteristics of air pollutants. Specific features of air as an object of analysis. Chapter 3. Gas Chromatography in the Analysis of Air Pollutants. General considerations. Peculiarities of the gas chromatographic analysis of impurities. Chapter 4. Detectors for the Gas Chromatographic Determination of Impurities. Principal characteristics of detectors for gas chromatography. Flame ionization detector. Thermionic detector. Photoionization detector. Electron-capture detector. Flame photometric detector. The thermal energy analyser (TEA) detector. Detectors for direct identification of impurities. Hall electrolitic detector. Chapter 5. Collection and Pretreatment of Samples for Chromatographic Analysis. Sampling into containers. Use of absorption of contaminants in sample collection. Cryogenic concentration of contaminants. Use of adsorption for contaminant concentration. Multilayer sorption traps. Sorbents for passive sampling. Chemisorbents. Trapping of solid particles and aerosols. Preparation of concentration tubes containing solid sorbent. Influence of sampling conditions on the efficiency of sorption of pollutants. Desorption of pollutants from the sorbent. Influence of experimental conditions on the completeness of recovery of pollutants. Increase in desorption efficiency. Choice of sampling methods. Metrological aspects of air pollutant determination by gas chromatography. Chapter 6. The Reactive-Sorption Method and its Application for Concentrating Pollutants. Concentration of pollutants on solid adsorbents. Reactive-sorption concentration. Use of the reactive-sorption method to enhance the reliability of the determination of pollutants. Diminution of coadsorption of pollutants. Improvement of chromatographic separation. Moisture removal. Identification of pollutants. Conclusions. Chapter 7. Quantitative Methods for the Determination of Impurities. Preparation of standard mixtures. Detector calibration. Calculation of impurity concentrations. Detection limits for air contaminants. Chapter 8. Practical Application of Gas Chromatography to the Determination of Air Pollutants. Carbon oxides. Halides and their derivatives. Nitrogen-containing compounds. Sulphur- and phosphorus-containing compounds. Metals and their derivatives. Low-boiling hydrocarbons. Aromatic hydrocarbons. Polyaromatic compounds. Organic oxy compounds. Amines and nitro compounds. Odorants. Halogenated hydrocarbons. Freons. Chlorine-containing pesticides, polychlorobiphenyls and dioxins. Bis(chloromethyl) ether. Vinyl chloride. Conclusion. Each chapter contains References.


Description

Chapter 1. Introduction. Chapter 2. Air as an Object of Analysis. Atmospheric air and sources of atmospheric pollution. General characteristics of air pollutants. Specific features of air as an object of analysis. Chapter 3. Gas Chromatography in the Analysis of Air Pollutants. General considerations. Peculiarities of the gas chromatographic analysis of impurities. Chapter 4. Detectors for the Gas Chromatographic Determination of Impurities. Principal characteristics of detectors for gas chromatography. Flame ionization detector. Thermionic detector. Photoionization detector. Electron-capture detector. Flame photometric detector. The thermal energy analyser (TEA) detector. Detectors for direct identification of impurities. Hall electrolitic detector. Chapter 5. Collection and Pretreatment of Samples for Chromatographic Analysis. Sampling into containers. Use of absorption of contaminants in sample collection. Cryogenic concentration of contaminants. Use of adsorption for contaminant concentration. Multilayer sorption traps. Sorbents for passive sampling. Chemisorbents. Trapping of solid particles and aerosols. Preparation of concentration tubes containing solid sorbent. Influence of sampling conditions on the efficiency of sorption of pollutants. Desorption of pollutants from the sorbent. Influence of experimental conditions on the completeness of recovery of pollutants. Increase in desorption efficiency. Choice of sampling methods. Metrological aspects of air pollutant determination by gas chromatography. Chapter 6. The Reactive-Sorption Method and its Application for Concentrating Pollutants. Concentration of pollutants on solid adsorbents. Reactive-sorption concentration. Use of the reactive-sorption method to enhance the reliability of the determination of pollutants. Diminution of coadsorption of pollutants. Improvement of chromatographic separation. Moisture removal. Identification of pollutants. Conclusions. Chapter 7. Quantitative Methods for the Determination of Impurities. Preparation of standard mixtures. Detector calibration. Calculation of impurity concentrations. Detection limits for air contaminants. Chapter 8. Practical Application of Gas Chromatography to the Determination of Air Pollutants. Carbon oxides. Halides and their derivatives. Nitrogen-containing compounds. Sulphur- and phosphorus-containing compounds. Metals and their derivatives. Low-boiling hydrocarbons. Aromatic hydrocarbons. Polyaromatic compounds. Organic oxy compounds. Amines and nitro compounds. Odorants. Halogenated hydrocarbons. Freons. Chlorine-containing pesticides, polychlorobiphenyls and dioxins. Bis(chloromethyl) ether. Vinyl chloride. Conclusion. Each chapter contains References.


Details

No. of pages:
210
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 1991
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080858562

Reviews

@qu:...contains a wealth of interesting information which was not available in book form until now. The book can therefore be recommended for everyone dealing with air pollution monitoring. @source:Analusis @qu:...will be useful to various readers for the further development and practical utilization of gas chromatography in the field of air pollution control. @source:Biological Abstracts @qu:...valuable reading for student and researcher alike and must be considered good value for money. @source:The Analyst @qu:This will undoubtedly prove a useful book both for the air pollution scientist in the field and the gas chromatographer responsible for subsequent analysis at the bench. @source:LC-GC International


About the Authors

V.G. Berezkin Author

Affiliations and Expertise

A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Moscow, USSR

Yu.S. Drugov Author

Affiliations and Expertise

I.M. Gubkin Institute of Oil and Gas, Moscow, USSR