Fundamentals of Wind Farm Aerodynamic Layout Design

Fundamentals of Wind Farm Aerodynamic Layout Design

1st Edition - January 20, 2022

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  • Author: Farschad Torabi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128230169
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128234372

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Description

Fundamentals of Wind Farm Aerodynamic Layout Design, Volume Four provides readers with effective wind farm design and layout guidance through algorithm optimization, going beyond other references and general approaches in literature. Focusing on interactions of wake models, designers can combine numerical schemes presented in this book which also considers wake models’ effects and problems on layout optimization in order to simulate and enhance wind farm designs. Covering the aerodynamic modeling and simulation of wind farms, the book's authors include experimental tests supporting modeling simulations and tutorials on the simulation of wind turbines. In addition, the book includes a CFD technique designed to be more computationally efficient than currently available techniques, making this book ideal for industrial engineers in the wind industry who need to produce an accurate simulation within limited timeframes.

Key Features

  • Features novel CFD modeling
  • Offers global case studies for turbine wind farm layouts
  • Includes tutorials on simulation of wind turbine using OpenFoam

Readership

Researchers and engineers in wind forecasting. Engineers, practitioners in industry and researchers working on the advancement and application wind energy

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Wind energy
  • Abstract
  • 1.1. History of wind turbines
  • 1.2. Pros and cons of wind energy
  • 1.3. Trend of wind energy in the world
  • 1.4. Wind turbine types
  • 1.5. Wind turbine components
  • 1.6. Summary
  • 1.7. Problems
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Wind properties and power generation
  • Abstract
  • 2.1. Atmospheric properties
  • 2.2. Statistical study of wind
  • 2.3. Wind power
  • 2.4. Efficiency of wind turbine components
  • 2.5. Yearly gained energy of a wind turbine
  • 2.6. The capacity factor of a wind turbine
  • 2.7. Summary
  • 2.8. Problems
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Basics of aerodynamics
  • Abstract
  • 3.1. Airfoils
  • 3.2. Aerodynamic forces on an airfoil
  • 3.3. Aerodynamic forces on a blade
  • 3.4. Generated vortex behind a wind turbine
  • 3.5. Blade element method
  • 3.6. Blades with different airfoils
  • 3.7. Simulation of wind turbines
  • 3.8. Summary
  • 3.9. Problems
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Wind turbine wake and its role in farm design
  • Abstract
  • 4.1. Wake generation of a wind turbine
  • 4.2. Conventional wake models
  • 4.3. Gained energy of a farm
  • 4.4. Optimization
  • 4.5. Summary
  • 4.6. Problems
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Analytical model based on similarity solution
  • Abstract
  • 5.1. Turbulent free-shear wake
  • 5.2. Self-similarity method
  • 5.3. Similarity solution for a single wind turbine
  • 5.4. Wake interaction
  • 5.5. Simulation of a wind farm
  • 5.6. Simulation of wind farms
  • 5.7. The gained energy of a wind farm
  • 5.8. Summary
  • 5.9. Problems
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Numerical simulation of a wind turbine
  • Abstract
  • 6.1. Basic fluid dynamics concepts
  • 6.2. Different types of modeling
  • 6.3. Development of actuator disc method using OpenFOAM
  • 6.4. Modified actuator disc
  • 6.5. Simulation example
  • 6.6. Summary
  • 6.7. Problems
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Numerical simulation of a wind farm
  • Abstract
  • 7.1. Wind farm layout generation
  • 7.2. Simulation example: Horns Rev offshore wind farm
  • 7.3. Summary
  • 7.4. Problems
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Optimization for wind farm layout design
  • Abstract
  • 8.1. Optimization algorithms
  • 8.2. Cost function and constraints
  • 8.3. Coupling of optimization methods and wake models
  • 8.4. Some worked examples
  • 8.5. Applying additional constraints
  • 8.6. Summary
  • 8.7. Problems
  • References
  • Appendix A: Ancient Persian wind turbines
  • References
  • Appendix B: Wind turbine airfoils
  • B.1. NACA families
  • B.2. FFA family
  • B.3. Risø family
  • B.4. DU family
  • B.5. FX family
  • B.6. NREL family
  • B.7. Summary
  • References
  • Appendix C: Some wind turbine specifications
  • C.1. Enercon E-16
  • C.2. Enercon E-18
  • C.3. Nordtank NTK 150
  • C.4. Nordtank NTK 200
  • C.5. Vestas V27
  • C.6. Vestas V29
  • C.7. Micon M 530
  • C.8. Enercon E-30
  • C.9. Nordtank NTK 400
  • C.10. Vestas V39
  • C.11. Nordtank NTK 500/41
  • C.12. Vestas V44
  • C.13. Enercon E-40/6.44
  • C.14. Wincon W755/48
  • C.15. Vergnet GEV HP 1000/62
  • C.16. Siemens SWT-1.3-62
  • C.17. Vestas V80 2 MW
  • C.18. Vestas V90 2 MW
  • C.19. Eno Energy Eno 100
  • C.20. Siemens SWT-2.3-93 Offshore
  • C.21. Mapna MWT2.5-103-I
  • C.22. Siemens SWT-4.0-130
  • C.23. Siemens SWT-6.0-154
  • C.24. Aerodyn-8.0MW
  • C.25. AMSC wt10000dd SeaTitan
  • C.26. Summary
  • References
  • Appendix D: Sample wind farms
  • D.1. A 4-in-a-row wind farm
  • D.2. A 4×4 wind farm
  • D.3. Horns Rev wind farm
  • D.4. Aghkand wind farm in Iran
  • References
  • Appendix E: Optimization methods
  • E.1. Crow search algorithm
  • E.2. Whale optimization algorithm
  • E.3. Teaching–learning-based optimization algorithm
  • E.4. Particle swarm optimization algorithm
  • E.5. Genetic algorithm
  • E.6. Summary
  • References
  • Appendix F: Implementing optimization methods in C++
  • F.1. Genetic algorithm (GA)
  • F.2. Particle swarm optimization (PSO)
  • Appendix G: Implementing blade element momentum method in C
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 372
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: January 20, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128230169
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128234372

About the Author

Farschad Torabi

Farschad Torabi is an assistant professor at K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Iran. His research interests include renewable energies, batteries and electrochemical systems. His background is in mechanical engineering and his research agenda addresses numerical simulation, using a combination of computational fluid mechanics and analytical methods.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

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