Chapter headings. Selected papers. Introduction. Resources and need for water desalination. Composition of seawater. Single Effect Evaporation. Single effect evaporation. Evaporators. Single Effect Evaporation - Vapor Compression. Single effect thermal vapor compression. Single effect mechanical vapor compression. Multiple Effect Evaporation. Developments in multiple effect evaporation. Forward feed multiple effect evaporation. Multiple Effect Evaporation - Vapor Compression. Parallel feed multiple effect evaporation. Forward feed multiple effect evaporation with
thermal vapor compression. Multi Stage Flash Distillation. Developments in MSF. MSF flashing stage. Reverse Osmosis. Historical background. Elements of membrane separation. Reverse Osmosis Feed Treatment, Biofouling, and Membrane Cleaning. Nee for pretreatment processes in RO. Testing methods. Associated Processes. Venting of non-condensable gases. Steam jet ejectors. Economic Analysis of Desalination Processes. Factors affecting product cost. Elements of economic calculations. Appendix A: Thermodynamic Properties. Appendix B: Thermodynamic Losses. Appendix C: Heat Transfer Coefficients. Appendix D: Computer Package. Index.