Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining

1st Edition

Authors: Mohamed Fahim Taher Al-Sahhaf Amal Elkilani
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444527851
eBook ISBN: 9780080931562
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 27th November 2009
Page Count: 516
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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable.

Key Features

  • Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics
    - Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies
    - Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining


Students in Chemical Engineering, practitioners in refineries, and consultants to the Oil and Gas industry

Table of Contents


  1. Introduction 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Refining Processes 1.2.1. Physical Separation Processes 1.2.2. Chemical Catalytic Conversion Processes 1.2.3. Thermal Chemical Conversion Processes 1.3. Refinery Configuration 1.3.1. Type of Products 1.3.2. Environmental Regulation 1.3.3. Crude Assay and Quality 1.3.4. Refinery-petrochemical Integration 1.3.5. Development of New Technology
  2. Refinery Feedstocks and Products 2.1. Introduction 2.2. Composition of Crude Oils 2.2.1. Paraffins 2.2.2. Olefins 2.2.3. Naphthenes (cycloalkanes) 2.2.4. Aromatics 2.2.5. Sulphur Compounds 2.2.6. Oxygen Compounds 2.2.7. Nitrogen Compounds 2.2.8. Metallic Compounds 2.2.9. Asphaltenes and Resins 2.3. Products Composition 2.3.1. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) 2.3.2. Gasoline 2.3.3. Kerosene 2.3.4. Jet Fuel 2.3.5. Diesel Fuel 2.3.6. Fuel Oil 2.3.7. Residual Fuel Oil 2.3.8. Lube Oil 2.3.9. Asphalt 2.3.10. Petroleum Coke 2.4. Physical Property Characterization Data 2.4.1. Fractionation 2.4.2. True Boiling Point Distillation 2.4.3. ASTM Distillation 2.4.4. Simulated Distillation by Gas Chromatography 2.4.5. API Gravity 2.4.6. Pour Point 2.4.7. Viscosity 2.4.8. Refractive Index 2.4.9. Freezing Point 2.4.10. Aniline Point 2.4.11. Flash Point 2.4.12. Octane Number 2.4.13. Cetane Number 2.4.14. Smoke Point 2.4.15. Reid Vapour Pressure 2.4.16. Water, Salt and Sediment 2.4.17. Molecular Weight 2.5. Chemical Analysis Data 2.5.1. Elemental Analysis 2.5


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© Elsevier Science 2010
Elsevier Science
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About the Author

Mohamed Fahim

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait Univerity, Safat, Kuwait

Taher Al-Sahhaf

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait Univerity, Safat, Kuwait

Amal Elkilani

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait Univerity, Safat, Kuwait