This book summarizes the salient features of both equilibrium and steady-state thermodynamic theory under a uniform postulatory viewpoint. The emphasis is upon the formal aspects and logical structure of thermodynamic theory, allowing it to emerge as a coherent whole, unfettered by much of those details which - albeit indispensable in practical applications - tend to obscure this coherent structure. Largely because of this, statistical mechanics and reference to molecular structure are, barring an occasional allusion, avoided. The treatment is, therefore, 'classical', or - using a perhaps more appropriate word - 'phenomenological'.
The volume almost exclusively deals with 'ideal' systems, given that the treatment of 'real' systems properly belongs in the realm of applied, rather than theoretical thermodynamics. For these reasons, only selected ideal systems are covered. Ideal gases are discussed extensively. The ideal solution is treated as an example of a liquid system. The amorphous ideal rubber serves as an example of a solid. The formalism developed in these sections is a model for the treatment of other, more complex systems. This short structural overview is written in the hope that a knowledge of steady-state theory will deepen readers' understanding of thermodynamics as a whole.
For teachers, engineers, graduate and advanced undergraduate students in chemical engineering, materials science, and chemistry.
Preface. Equilibrium Thermodynamics. Definitions. The postulates of equilibrium thermodynamics. The fundamental equation. Thermodynamic equilibrium. Thermodynamic processes. Reversible sources and reservoirs. Work and heat. Thermodynamic potentials. Massieu functions. Second order partial derivatives. Ideal systems. The ideal gas. The monatomic ideal gas. The ideal mixture. The multicomponent ideal gas. The ideal solution. The ideal rubber. Stability. Phase transitions. Chemical reactions. Reaction equilibrium. Steady-state Thermodynamics. Chemical reactions as irreversible processes. The postulates of steady-state thermodynamics. Coupled linear steady states. Entropy production in the steady state. The pivotal functions. Matter and heat flow. The quantities of transport. Uses of the heat of transport. Minimum entropy production. Appendices. Exact and inexact differentials. Jacobians. The Legendre transformation. The fundamental equation of the ideal gas. The equation of state of the ideal rubber. Positive definiteness of a quadratic form. Heat conduction at the system boundaries. References. List of symbols. Author and subject index.
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- © Elsevier Science 2000
- 14th February 2000
- Elsevier Science
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California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA