Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies

Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies

3rd Edition - January 1, 1975

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  • Author: Frank Brescia
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162159

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Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies, Third Edition is a manual that provides instruction on techniques of chemical laboratory operations. Each experiment is discussed in terms of the major objective; the experimental approach to the objective; the measurements or observations to be made; and the calculation and interpretation of results. Topics covered include manipulation, weights, and measures; molecular weight; acids and bases; gravimetric and volumetric stoichiometry; and thermochemistry. This book is comprised of 43 chapters divided into 14 sections and begins by presenting general information on metric and other units, common laboratory equipment, and chemical laboratory methods. The first chapter introduces the reader to the Bunsen burner and the principles of glass working, followed by a discussion on mass and volume measurements, including the determination of density. The following chapters focus on states of matter, molecular weight, stoichiometry, and intermolecular forces. Preparations and syntheses are also considered, along with chemical equilibrium and electrochemistry. The final section is devoted to qualitative analysis, particularly of cations and anions. This monograph is intended primarily for students of chemistry.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    To the Student

    General Information

    Common Laboratory Equipment

    Chemical Laboratory Methods


    Manipulation, Weights, and Measures

    1 The Bunsen Burner and Glassworking

    2 Mass and Volume Measurements; Determination of Density

    States of Matter: Separations

    3 Separation and Purification by Physical Methods

    4 Paper Chromatography; Qualitative Separation of Positive Ions (Cations)

    5 Thin-Layer Chromatography

    Molecular Weight

    6 The Determination of the Density of Oxygen

    7 Molecular Weight of a Volatile Liquid (Dumas Method)

    8 Colligative Properties; Determination of Molecular Weight by Freezing- Point Depression

    Stoichiometry: Gravimetric

    9 The Conversion of a Carbonate to a Chloride

    10 Water of Hydration

    11 Synthesis of a Silver Halide and the Determination of Its Composition

    Acids and Bases

    12 pH, Indicators, Equilibrium, and Buffer Solutions

    Stoichiometry: Volumetric

    13 Titration Analysis of Acid Solutions

    14 Oxidation-Reduction Titration: Analysis of an Oxalate

    15 Iodometry; Determination of Cu2+

    16 Iodometry; Determination of Antimony

    17 Ion Exchange; Determination of the Concentration of an Anion

    18 Colorimetry; Determination of Manganese

    19 The Equivalent Weights of Phosphoric Acid


    20 Thermochemical Equations; Hess's Law

    Intermolecular Forces

    21 Intermolecular Forces; Preparation and Properties of Soap

    Preparations and Syntheses

    22 The Purification of Salts by Selective Crystallization; Preparation of Potassium Nitrate

    23 Preparation and Structure of Coordination Complexes

    24 Preparation and Reactions of Sodium Bicarbonate and Sodium Carbonate

    25 Preparation of Polymers

    26 Synthesis of Aspirin

    27 Preparation of Ethyl Alcohol


    28 Determination of the Rate Law for a Reaction; Catalysis

    29 Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate

    Chemical Equilibrium

    30 Chemical Equilibrium; The Effects of Changing Composition

    31 Chemical Equilibrium; Determination of an Equilibrium Constant

    32 Chemical Equilibrium; Effects of Temperature and Other Factors

    33 Chemical Equilibrium; Determination of an Ionization Constant


    34 Solubility: Temperature Dependence


    35 Electrochemistry

    Qualitative Analysis

    36 Preliminary Experiments with Cations

    37 Qualitative Cation Analysis; Known and Unknown (6 Cations)

    38 Qualitative Analysis-Semimicro Methods; Apparatus and Use

    39 Experiments Preliminary to Experiment 40

    40 Qualitative Cation Analysis; Unknown (15 Cations)

    41 Design of a Scheme of Analysis

    42 Anion Analysis; Known and Unknown (10 Anions)

    43 Analysis of a Simple Substance

Product details

  • No. of pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 1, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162159

About the Author

Frank Brescia

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