Fundamental Physics of Radiology

Fundamental Physics of Radiology

3rd Edition - July 1, 1984

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  • Authors: W. J. Meredith, J. B. Massey
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483284354

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Fundamental Physics of Radiology, Third Edition provides a general introduction to the methods involving radioactive isotopes and ultrasonic radiations. This book provides the fundamental principles upon which the clinical uses of radioactive isotopes and ultrasonic radiation depend. Organized into four sections encompassing 45 chapters, this edition begins with an overview of the basic facts about matter and energy. This text then examines the technical details of some practical X-ray tubes. Other chapters consider the action of the X-rays on the screen to produce an emission of visible light photons in amount proportional to the incident X-ray intensity. This book discusses as well the fundamental aspects of the physical principles of radiotherapy, in which most attention is being given to gamma- and X-rays. The final chapter deals with the provision of adequate barriers and protective devices to guarantee the safety of the workers concerned. This book is a valuable resource for radiologists, physicists, and scientists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Section I.—General Physics

    I.—Matter and Energy, Radiation and Spectra

    II.—Atoms and Nuclei



    V.—The Production of X-Rays

    VI.—The Interaction of X - and Gamma Rays with Matter—I

    VII.—The Interaction of X - and Gamma Rays with Matter—II

    VIII.—The Effects of X-Rays

    IX.—The Measurement of X-Ray Quantity

    X.—The Roentgen and its Measurement

    XI.—The Geiger-Müller and Scintillation Counters and the Thermoluminescence Dosemeter

    XII.—Absorbed Dose and the Rad

    XIII.—Filters and Filtration

    Section II.—Diagnostic Radiology

    XIV.—The Physical Basis of Diagnostics Radiology

    XV.—The X-Ray Film and its Processing

    XVI.—The Properties of the X-Ray Film

    XVII.—Intensifying and Fluorescent Screens and Xeroradiography

    XVIII.—Geometric Factors which Influence the Radiographic Image

    XIX.—The Effect of X-Ray Absorption on the Radiographic Image

    XX.—The Effects and Control of Scattered Radiation

    XXI.—The Radiographic Exposure

    XXII.—The Diagnostic X-Ray Tube and Shield

    XXIII.—The Electrical Circuits of the X-Ray Unit

    XXIV.—The Rating of the X-Ray Tube



    XXVII.—Ultrasonic in Clinical Medicine

    XXVIII.—Radioactive Isotopes in Clinical Medicine

    Section III.—Radiotheraphy

    XXIX.—The Physical Principles of Radiotheraphy

    XXX.—Teletherapy Dosage Data: General Considerations

    XXXI.—Teletherapy Dosage Data for Clinical Use

    XXXII.—Output Measurements and the Use of Isodose Charts

    XXXIII.—Patient Dosage

    XXXIV.—Beam Modification

    XXXV.—Collimators and 'Beam-Direction' Devices

    XXXVI.—The Treatment Prescription

    XXXVII.—Some Special Techniques

    XXXVIII.—Teletherapy Sources

    XXXIX.—Acceptance Tests and Calibration

    XL.—Gamma-Ray Sources for Plesiotherapy

    XLI.—Plesiotheraphy Dosage Calculations

    XLII.—Particle Radiations in Radiotherapy

    Section IV.—Radiation Protection

    XLIII.—General Principles and Materials

    XLIV.—Departmental Protection

    XLV.—Protection Instruments and Personnel Monitoring

    Appendix I

    Appendix II

    Appendix III


Product details

  • No. of pages: 718
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1988
  • Published: July 1, 1984
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483284354

About the Authors

W. J. Meredith

J. B. Massey

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