Functional Materials

Functional Materials

Preparation, Processing and Applications

1st Edition - December 9, 2011

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  • Editors: S Banerjee, A Tyagi
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123851437

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Description

Functional materials have assumed a very prominent position in several high-tech areas. Such materials are not being classified on the basis of their origin, nature of bonding or processing techniques but are classified on the basis of the functions they can perform. This is a significant departure from the earlier schemes in which materials were described as metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, glass materials etc. Several new processing techniques have also evolved in the recent past. Because of the diversity of materials and their functions it has become extremely difficult to obtain information from single source. Functional Materials: Preparation, Processing and Applications provides a comprehensive review of the latest developments.

Key Features

  • Serves as a ready reference for Chemistry, Physics and Materials Science researchers by covering a wide range of functional materials in one book
  • Aids in the design of new materials by emphasizing structure or microstructure – property correlation
  • Covers the processing of functional materials in detail, which helps in conceptualizing the applications of them

Readership

Chemistry, Physics and Materials Science researchers working on functional-materials

Table of Contents

  • 1. Soft Materials — Properties and Applications

    1.1. Introduction to Soft Matter

    1.2. Intermolecular Interactions in Soft Materials

    1.3. Colloids

    1.4. Surfactant Assemblies

    1.5. Polymer Solutions

    1.6. Experimental Techniques in Soft Matter

    1.7. Applications of Soft Matter

    2. Conducting Polymer Sensors, Actuators and Field-Effect Transistors

    2.1. Introduction

    2.2. Synthesis of Conducting Polymers

    2.3. Conducting Polymer Gas Sensors

    2.4. Electrochemical Actuators

    2.5. Conducting Polymer FETs

    2.6. Summary

    3. Functional Magnetic Materials

    3.1. Introduction

    3.2. Magnetocaloric Effect

    3.3. Molecular Magnetic Materials

    3.4. Magnetic Nanoparticles

    3.5. CMR Manganites

    3.6. Summary and Conclusion

    4. Multiferroic Materials

    4.1. Introduction

    4.2. Origin of Ferro- and Antiferromagnetism

    4.3. Origin of Ferroelectricity

    4.4. Mutually Exclusive Reason for Multiferroicity

    4.5. Types of Multiferroic Material

    4.6. Observation of Multiferroic Properties

    4.7. Examples

    4.8. Applications

    4.9. Summary

    5. Spintronic Materials, Synthesis, Processing and Applications

    5.1. Introduction

    5.2. Ferromagnetic Semiconductors or Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors

    5.3. Spintronics

    5.4. Overview of some Major Spintronic Materials

    5.5. Oxide Semiconductors

    5.6. Material Synthesis, Processing and Characterization

    5.7. Characterization

    5.8. Recent Results

    5.9. One-Dimensional Structures of ZnO-Based Materials

    5.10. Applications (Spintronic Devices)

    6. Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles

    Nomenclature

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. Methods of Preparation of Nanoparticles

    6.3. Characterization of Magnetic Nanoparticles

    6.4. Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles

    6.5. Induction Heating Behaviour of Particles

    6.6. Therapeutic Efficacy of Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Cancer Cells

    6.7. Future Perspectives

    7. Functional Superconducting Materials

    7.1. Background

    7.2. Niobium Titanium (NbTi)

    7.3. A15 Superconductors and Nb3Sn

    7.4. Chevrel-Phase Superconductors

    7.5. High-Tc Superconductors

    7.6. MgB2

    7.7. Borocarbides

    7.8. Iron Arsenide Superconductors

    7.9. Conclusions

    8. Optical Materials

    8.1. Introduction

    8.2. Origin of Different Types of Optical Material and their Applications

    8.3. Optical Parameters

    8.4. Optical Properties of Metals

    8.5. Optical Properties of Insulators

    8.6. Optical Properties of Nanomaterials

    8.7. Nonlinear Optical Materials

    8.8. Organic Optical Materials

    8.9. Photonic Band-Gap Materials

    9. Glass and Glass-Ceramics

    9.1. Introduction

    9.2. Glasses

    9.3. Glass-Ceramics

    9.4. Preparation of Glass and Glass-Ceramics

    9.5. Characterization

    9.6. Mechanical Properties

    9.7. Wetting Property

    9.8. Some Useful Properties

    9.9. Some Important Functionalities

    9.10. Transparency

    9.11. Conclusion

    10. Nuclear Fuels

    10.1. Introduction

    10.2. Types of Fuel Material

    10.3. Phase Diagrams

    10.4. Fission Gas Release

    10.5. Vapourisation of the Fuel

    10.6. Swelling Due to Gas Bubbles

    10.7. Swelling Due to Solid Fission Products

    10.8. Pore Migration

    10.9. Restructuring

    10.10. Mechanical Phenomenon

    10.11. Temperature Distribution

    10.12. Fuel Modelling

    10.13. Conclusions

    11. Super-Strong, Super-Modulus Materials

    11.1. Introduction

    11.2. Origin of Modulus

    11.3. Strength of Materials

    11.4. Ultra-strength

    11.5. Summary

    12. Corrosion-Resistant Materials

    12.1. Introduction

    12.2. Materials Resistant to Uniform Corrosion

    12.3. Materials Resistant to Localized Corrosion

    13. Nafion Perfluorosulphonate Membrane

    13.1. Introduction

    13.2. Synthesis and Characterization

    13.3. Properties of Nafion Membranes

    13.4. Applications

    13.5. Conclusions

    14. Fundamentals and Applications of the Photocatalytic Water Splitting Reaction

    14.1. Introduction

    14.2. Basis of Photocatalytic Water Splitting

    14.3. Experimental Method for Water Splitting

    14.4. Some Heterogeneous Photocatalyst Materials Used for Water Splitting

    14.5. Conclusions

    15. Hydrogen Storage Materials

    15.1. Introduction

    15.2. Experimental Techniques

    15.3. Examples of Hydrogen Storage Materials and Their Properties

    15.4. Applications

    15.5. Conclusions

    16. Electroceramics for Fuel Cells, Batteries and Sensors

    16.1. Introduction

    16.2. Preparation and Processing of Electroceramics

    16.3. Electrochemical and Microstructural Characterization

    16.4. Applications

    17. Nanocrystalline and Disordered Carbon Materials

    17.1. Introduction

    17.2. Fullerene

    17.3. CNTs

    17.4. Graphene: The Slimmest Carbon

    17.5. Nano-Diamond

    17.6. Carbon Nanofoam

    17.7. Amorphous Carbon

Product details

  • No. of pages: 730
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2011
  • Published: December 9, 2011
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123851437

About the Editors

S Banerjee

Dr. Srikumar Banerjee is presently DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, India. He completed his BTech inMetallurgical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, in 1967. He joined the Metallurgy Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, in 1968 after graduating from 11th batch of BARC training School. He obtained his PhD in 1974 from IIT, Kharagpur. He has occupied several important positions such as Head, Metallurgy Division, BARC, Director, Materials Group, BARC, and Director, BARC, and subsequently became Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission, India, in 2009, and superannuated in April 2012. He has done pioneering work in the field of martensitic transformations, rapid solidification, omega transformation, quasi-crystalline solids, and shape memory alloys. He has been a senior visiting Fellow at the University of Sussex, UK, Humboldt Foundation Fellow at Max-Planck Institute for Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany, and a visiting Professor at Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.

In recognition of his seminal contribution to the field of Materials Science, Dr. Banerjee has been conferred with numerous national and international prestigious awards, including INSA Young Scientist Award (1976), National Metallurgists' Day Award (1981), Acta Metallurgica Outstanding paper Award (1984), Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize in Engineering Sciences from Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (1989); GD Birla Gold Medal of The Indian Institute of Metals (1997), INSA Prize for Materials Science, MRSI - Superconductivity and Material Science Prize (2003); Indian Nuclear Society Award (2003), Alexander von Humboldt Research Award (2004), Prof. Brahm Prakash Memorial Medal (2004) from INSA, Padma Shri from Government of India (2005), Distinguished Materials Scientist Award from MRSI (2008), Indian Science Congress Association’s Excellence in Science and Technology Award (2009), Ram Mohun Puraskar of Rammohun Mission for outstanding contribution to Nuclear Science (2010), CNR Rao Prize Lecture in Advanced Materials (2011), and M. N. Saha Birth Centenary Award (2012) from Indian Science Association Congress. He has been conferred with several Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) degrees from various universities and institutions, including Sathyabama University, Chennai; Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur; Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur; Guru Ghasidas University, Chattisgarh, and University of Calcutta. He is an elected Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India, Indian National Science Academy, Indian National Academy of Engineering, and Third World Academy of Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, India

A Tyagi

Dr. A.K. Tyagi joined Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, in 1986 through BARC-Training School. Since then he has been working in the field of chemistry of nanomaterials, functional materials, and nuclear materials. He was a Max-Planck Fellow at MPI, Stuttgart, Germany, during 1995-96. Presently he is Head, Solid State Chemistry Section, Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, and also a Professor of Chemistry at Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI). He has published more than 450 papers in international journals, two books, twelve book chapters, and one patent. In recognition of his work, he has been conferred with several prestigious awards, including the Homi Bhabha Science & Technology Award, the Gold Medal of Indian Nuclear Society, the MRSI Medal, the CRSI Medal, the Dr. Laxmi Award by ISCAS, the Rheometric Scientific-ITAS Award, the IANCAS-Dr.Tarun Datta Memorial Award, the RD Desai Memorial Award of ICS, the Rajib Goyal Prize in Chemical Sciences, the DAE-SRC Outstanding Researcher Award, the CRSI-Prof. CNR Rao National Prize for Chemical Sciences, and the ISCB Award for Excellence in Chemical Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK (FRSC), the National Academy of Sciences, India (FNASc), the Indian Academy of Sciences (FASc), and Maharashtra Academy of Sciences (FMASc). He has been a visiting scientist to several countries, including Germany, USA, Canada, France, Spain, Sweden, Portugal, Russia, Japan, Israel, China, Singapore, Malaysia, and Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Head, Solid State Chemistry Section, Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, India, and Professor of Chemistry, Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), Mumbai, India

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