Fukushima Accident

1st Edition

Radioactivity Impact on the Environment

Authors: Pavel Povinec Katsumi Hirose Michio Aoyama
Print ISBN: 9780124081321
eBook ISBN: 9780124114876
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 28th August 2013
Page Count: 400
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149.95 + applicable tax
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Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers.

Key Features

  • 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers
  • Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans
  • Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems
  • Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels
  • Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches


Researchers in atmospheric, meteorological, environmental, biological, biophysical, radioecological, marine, geochemical, and geophysical sciences

Table of Contents




1. Introduction

1.1 Fukushima Accident

1.2 Sources of Radionuclides in the Environment

1.3 Pacific Ocean: Hydrography Background

1.4 Pre-Fukushima Radionuclide Data for the Pacific Ocean


2. Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

2.1 Nuclear Reactors

2.2 Spent Fuel Pools

2.3 Radionuclide Inventories


3. Fukushima Accident

3.1 Nature of the Accident

3.2 Management of the Aftermath of the Accident


4. Radionuclide Releases into the Environment

4.1 Atmospheric Releases of Radionuclides

4.2 Marine Releases of Radionuclides

4.3 Total Amount of Radionuclides Released into the Atmosphere, Stagnant Water and the Ocean


5. Fukushima Radioactivity Impact

5.1 Japan

5.2 World Atmosphere

5.3 Pacific Ocean


6. Pre-Fukushima Radioactivity of the Environment

6.1 World Atmosphere

6.2 World Ocean


7. Estimation of Radiation Doses

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Radiation Doses to the Japanese Population

7.3 Comparison of Radiation Doses to the Public from Various Sources

7.4 Radiation Doses to Biota


8. Summary





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About the Author

Pavel Povinec

Prof. Dr. Pavel P. Povinec is professor at the Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovakia) where he spent most of his carrier, also as a vice-dean of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, as well as Head of the Department of Nuclear Physics. From 1993 to 2005 he led Radiometrics Laboratory of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Marine Environment Laboratories in Monaco. He has been engaged in low radioactivity studies and development of low-level counting methods. The main topics included environmental radioactivity and radioecology, isotope hydrology and oceanography, but also investigations of rare nuclear processes and decays. He contributed to better understanding of radiocarbon variations in the atmosphere and biosphere. In high sensitivity radioactivity measurements his main contribution was in the development of underground facilities and in situ underwater gamma-spectrometry of radionuclides in the aquatic environment. He published over 250 papers in recognized scientific journals, having over 2500 citations. Recently he published 11 papers on the Fukushima radioactivity assessment, and edited a special issue of the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity on this topic. He has been often invited to give talks at international conferences on radionuclides as tracers of environmental processes, and acting as a member of international advisory scientific committees. He also spent several months as a visiting professor at foreign universities. He led several international projects on marine radioactivity. He also led the Bratislava group in many international projects in physics. He organized six international conferences, several seminars, workshops and training courses. He published four books and 12 monographs. He edited 12 conference proceedings, 11 special issues of scientific journals. He is editor, co-editor and board member of six scientific journals. His professional activities included international and national societies (Board of the European

Affiliations and Expertise

Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia

Katsumi Hirose

Prof. Dr. Katsumi Hirose is presently a visiting professor at the Sophia University (Tokyo), as well as at the Saitama University (Tsukuba, Japan). Most of his career he spent in the Meteorological Research Institute in Tsukuba, where he retired in 2009 as the Director of the Geochemical Research Department. He has been well known for his scientific work on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in the environment, and their applications as tracers of atmospheric, terrestrial and marine processes. He specifically contributed to better understanding of plutonium in the marine environment, and to the transport of radionuclides through the global atmosphere. He also has been an expert of chemical speciation of trace metals and radionuclides in seawater. He organized and participated in tens of oceanographic cruises, focusing mostly on the Pacific Ocean. He published over 150 papers in recognized scientific journals. He has been frequently asked to give invited talks at international conferences on radionuclides as tracers of environmental processes. He was acting in several governmental bodies, such as the Radiation Review Council of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science and Technology (1999-2009), and in the former Nuclear Safety Commission, Cabinet Office of the Government of Japan (1999-2012). He has been a member of several foreign and national societies. He received several distinguished awards, such as the “Ishibashi Award” in Marine Chemistry (2006), and the “Miyake Award” in Geochemistry (2009).

Affiliations and Expertise

Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan

Michio Aoyama

Dr. Michio Aoyama is since 1995 a Senior Scientist at the Geochemical Research Department of the Meteorological Research Institute in Tsukuba (Japan). He is well known mainly for his work on the distribution of 137Cs in the world ocean. He re-evaluated the total amount of global fallout radionuclides, and estimated that about 790 PBq of 137Cs was deposited as over the Northern Hemisphere, which is 1.4 times higher than the UNSCEAR's global estimate (545 PBq). He has also been working on reference materials of nutrients in seawater (RMNS), and changes of nutrients and biogeochemical parameters in the ocean. He organized four international inter-laboratory comparison studies of RMNS since 2003, and organized several workshops on chemical reference materials in ocean science. His developments in underground gamma-spectrometry analysis of 137Cs in seawater samples helped to decrease the required sample size from 100 to l0 liters. He also developed a marine radioactivity database (HAM) on anthropogenic radionuclides in the world ocean. The HAM database now also includes global and local radionuclide data associated with the Fukushima accident. He published over 100 papers in recognized scientific journals. He recently conducted more than 20 oceanographic cruises to study 134Cs and 137Cs released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident in the North Pacific Ocean. He published over 10 papers discussing the temporal and spatial distribution of Fukushima radionuclides from coastal region to the whole North Pacific Ocean.

Affiliations and Expertise

Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan


2013 PROSE Awards - Winner, Environmental Science: Association of American Publishers, Fukushima Accident PROSE Award 2013, Book: Environmental Science, American Association of Publishers


"If someone is looking for a summary of what is known about the radionuclide releases from the Fukushima accident, this book would be a good starting point."--Health Physics,September 2014

"This study investigates the impact of radioactivity released into the environment after the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan in 2011. It considers impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, looking at the past and present sources of environmental radioactivity, with a focus on global fallout and the Chernobyl accident, and their impact on the Pacific Ocean;…"--ProtoView.com, April 2014
"The book thus represents an overview of the most important publications and research concerning the radioactive environmental contamination that occurred in the 20th and in the beginning of the 21st centuries. It brings to the reader useful, reliable and thoroughly selected information on the previous levels and current situation in the field."--Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, December 27, 2013