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Fukushima Accident - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124081321, 9780124114876

Fukushima Accident

1st Edition

Radioactivity Impact on the Environment

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Authors: Pavel Povinec Katsumi Hirose Michio Aoyama
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124081321
eBook ISBN: 9780124114876
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 28th August 2013
Page Count: 400
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Description

Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers.

Key Features

  • 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers
  • Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans
  • Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems
  • Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels
  • Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches

Readership

Researchers in atmospheric, meteorological, environmental, biological, biophysical, radioecological, marine, geochemical, and geophysical sciences

Table of Contents

Dedication

Foreword

Prologue

1. Introduction

1.1 Fukushima Accident

1.2 Sources of Radionuclides in the Environment

1.3 Pacific Ocean: Hydrography Background

1.4 Pre-Fukushima Radionuclide Data for the Pacific Ocean

References

2. Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

2.1 Nuclear Reactors

2.2 Spent Fuel Pools

2.3 Radionuclide Inventories

References

3. Fukushima Accident

3.1 Nature of the Accident

3.2 Management of the Aftermath of the Accident

References

4. Radionuclide Releases into the Environment

4.1 Atmospheric Releases of Radionuclides

4.2 Marine Releases of Radionuclides

4.3 Total Amount of Radionuclides Released into the Atmosphere, Stagnant Water and the Ocean

References

5. Fukushima Radioactivity Impact

5.1 Japan

5.2 World Atmosphere

5.3 Pacific Ocean

References

6. Pre-Fukushima Radioactivity of the Environment

6.1 World Atmosphere

6.2 World Ocean

References

7. Estimation of Radiation Doses

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Radiation Doses to the Japanese Population

7.3 Comparison of Radiation Doses to the Public from Various Sources

7.4 Radiation Doses to Biota

References

8. Summary

References

Epilogue

Index

Details

No. of pages:
400
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2013
Published:
28th August 2013
Imprint:
Elsevier
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124081321
eBook ISBN:
9780124114876

About the Authors

Pavel Povinec

Prof. Pavel P. Povinec is an international expert in radioactivity phenomena in physics, chemistry and environmental science. He has been in environmental radioactivity research for over fifty years, specifically assessing radioactivity around nuclear power plants, studying impacts of the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents and global fallout in the terrestrial and marine environments, carrying marine radioactivity studies at radioactive waste dumping sites globally, assessing the impact of nuclear weapons testing sites on oceans, developing radionuclide detection technologies, and developing a worldwide radioactivity database and computer models of radionuclide dispersion. In 1993-2005 he served as Head of the Radiometrics Laboratory of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Marine Environment Laboratories, Monaco. He has published over 700 papers in scientific journals, books and proceedings, and edited over 30 scientific books, proceedings and special issues of journals. He has several international awards including the Hevesy Award and Medal for his contribution to nuclear sciences (2017).

Affiliations and Expertise

Comenius University, Slovakia

Katsumi Hirose

Katsumi Hirose

Prof. Katsumi Hirose is internationally well-known in environmental radioactivity. He has been working in atmospheric and marine radioactivity research for forty years, specializing in anthropogenic radionuclides, as well as natural decay products. Recently his scientific work has been focusing on assessment of the impact of the Fukushima accident on the total environment. He developed several radiochemical methods for analysis of radionuclides in the environment at ultra-low levels. He contributed significantly to better understanding the behaviour of radionuclides in the atmosphere and ocean, and the use of radionuclides as tracers of environmental processes. He has led several national and international research projects on environmental radioactivity. He also served as the Director of the Geochemical Department of the Meteorological Research Institute in Tsukuba. Presently he is a Professor at Sophia University of Tokyo. He has published over 250 papers in journals, books and proceedings.

Affiliations and Expertise

Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan

Michio Aoyama

Michio Aoyama

Prof. Michio Aoyama has been working in atmospheric and marine radioactivity research for 40 years, developing ultrasensitive methods of caesium-137 analysis in environmental samples using underground gamma-ray spectrometry. He contributed to better understanding of sources and distribution of radionuclides in the environment, specifically of global fallout caesium-137 in the world’s oceans, as well as the impact of the Fukushima accident on Pacific Ocean waters. He developed a global marine radioactivity database and made important contributions to better understanding sources and distribution of radionuclides in the global oceans, including ocean circulation modelling. He has led several national and international research projects on environmental radioactivity. He is a Professor at the University of Tsukuba where he is leading projects oriented on marine radioactivity studies. He has published over 200 papers in scientific journals, books and conference proceedings.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Tsukuba, Japan

Awards

2013 PROSE Awards - Winner, Environmental Science: Association of American Publishers, Fukushima Accident

PROSE Award 2013, Book: Environmental Science, American Association of Publishers

Reviews

"If someone is looking for a summary of what is known about the radionuclide releases from the Fukushima accident, this book would be a good starting point."--Health Physics,September 2014

"This study investigates the impact of radioactivity released into the environment after the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan in 2011. It considers impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, looking at the past and present sources of environmental radioactivity, with a focus on global fallout and the Chernobyl accident, and their impact on the Pacific Ocean;…"--ProtoView.com, April 2014
"The book thus represents an overview of the most important publications and research concerning the radioactive environmental contamination that occurred in the 20th and in the beginning of the 21st centuries. It brings to the reader useful, reliable and thoroughly selected information on the previous levels and current situation in the field."--Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, December 27, 2013

Ratings and Reviews