Fuel Cells: Technologies for Fuel Processing provides an overview of the most important aspects of fuel reforming to the generally interested reader, researcher, technologist, teacher, student, or engineer. The topics covered include all aspects of fuel reforming: fundamental chemistry, different modes of reforming, catalysts, catalyst deactivation, fuel desulfurization, reaction engineering, novel reforming concepts, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer issues, system design, and recent research and development. While no attempt is made to describe the fuel cell itself, there is sufficient description of the fuel cell to show how it affects the fuel reformer. By focusing on the fundamentals, this book aims to be a source of information now and in the future. By avoiding time-sensitive information/analysis (e.g., economics) it serves as a single source of information for scientists and engineers in fuel processing technology. The material is presented in such a way that this book will serve as a reference for graduate level courses, fuel cell developers, and fuel cell researchers.

Key Features

  • Chapters written by experts in each area
  • Extensive bibliography supporting each chapter
  • Detailed index
  • Up-to-date diagrams and full colour illustrations


Professionals working in the energy market: transportation, residential, industrial, military, aerospace, fuel cell/fuel reforming industries (petrochemical, oil & gas); academics; and government energy departments and government research libraries

Table of Contents

Preface Editors Biography Contributors 1. Introduction to Fuel Processing 1.1. Clean Energy 1.2. Fuel Cells 1.3. Fuel Processors 1.4. Reforming Modes 1.5. Thermal Integration of the Fuel Processor and Fuel Cell 1.6. Challenges for Fuel Cells and Fuel Processors 1.7. Scope of This Book References 2. Fuel Cells 2.1. Introduction 2.2. Fuel Cell Fundamentals 2.3. Fuel Cell Degradation 2.4. Fuel Cell Operation 2.5. Fuel Cell Types References 3. Fuels for Fuel Cells 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Fossil Fuels 3.3. Oxygenated Fuels References 4. Steam Reforming for Fuel Cells 4.1. Routes to Hydrogen 4.2. Steam Reforming of Natural Gas 4.3. Steam Reforming of Other Feedstocks 4.4. Hydrogen Production 4.5. Conclusions References 5. Catalytic Partial Oxidation 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Thermodynamics 5.3. Reaction Mechanisms and Kinetics 5.4. Light Hydrocarbons 5.5. Higher Hydrocarbons 5.6. Oxygenated Hydrocarbons 5.7. Future Development and Applications References 6. Oxidative Steam Reforming 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Thermodynamics 6.3. Mechanism 6.4. Kinetics 6.5. Catalytic OSR of Hydrocarbons 6.6. Future Work References 7. Dry (CO2) Reforming 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Thermodynamics 7.3. Catalysts for Dry Reforming of Methane 7.4. Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics of Dry Reforming of Methane 7.5. Dry Reforming of Ethane 7.6. Dry Reforming of Propane 7.7. Reforming of Higher Hydrocarbons 7.8. Dry Reforming of Oxygenated Hydrocarbons 7.9. Summary References 8. Plasma Reforming for H2-Rich Synthesis Gas 8.1. Introduction 8.2. Types of Plasmas Used in Fuel Processing Applications 8.3. Plasma as an Alternative to Traditional Catalysts in Fuel Reforming 8.4. Plasma Reform


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© 2011
Elsevier Science
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About the authors

Dushyant Shekhawat

Affiliations and Expertise

National Energy Technology Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Morgan Town, WV, USA

J.J. Spivey

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

David Berry

Affiliations and Expertise

National Energy Technology Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Morgan Town, WV, USA