Food, Energy, and Water - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128002117, 9780128003749

Food, Energy, and Water

1st Edition

The Chemistry Connection

Editors: Satinder Ahuja
eBook ISBN: 9780128003749
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128002117
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 28th January 2015
Page Count: 478
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Description

How will chemists of the future balance competing concerns of environmental stewardship and innovative, cost-effective product development? For chemists to accept the idea that environmental quality and economic prosperity can be intertwined, the concept of the food-energy-water nexus must first be integrated into underlying thought processes. Food, Energy and Water: The Chemistry Connection provides today’s scientists with the background information necessary to fully understand the inextricable link between food, energy and water and how this conceptual framework should form the basis for all contemporary research and development in chemistry in particular, and the sciences in general.

Key Features

  • Presents a clear, quantitative explanation of the link between food, energy, and water
  • Provides information not currently available in chemistry curricula or synthesized in existing resources
  • Examines the challenges of the food-energy-water nexus from a chemistry perspective within a multi-disciplinary domain
  • Includes the latest research on critical topics such as fracking, water use conflicts, and sustainability in food production cycles

Readership

Chemists/chemical engineers, environmental, food and marine scientists, graduate students in these areas

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • 1. Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water
    • Overview: Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water
    • Foundations of Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment in the United States
    • Mass Transport and Chemistry at the Air–Water Interface of Atmospheric Dispersoids
    • Complete β-Lactam Antibiotic Activity Removal from Wastewaters
    • Treatment of Mine-Impacted Water with Biochemical Reactors
    • Water–Energy–Food: Our Existence Will Require Natural Gas
    • The Role of Water in Unconventional In Situ Energy Resource Extraction
    • Water Management in Unconventional Oil and Gas Development
    • Water Management in the Oil Sands
    • Coal Use as a Cause of Water Quality Impairment
    • Biodiesel from Plant Oils
    • Solar PV Technology
    • Contaminated Irrigation Water and the Associated Human Health Risks
    • Analysis of Dietary Supplements with a Hand-held X-ray Fluorescence Analyzer
    • Water Scarcity: Are We at the Brink?
    • Water Scarcity: Global Challenges for Agriculture
    • The Need for Water Reuse
    • Conclusions
  • 2. Foundations of Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment in the United States
    • Introduction
    • Prelude to Organized Water Quality Monitoring in the United States
    • Water Quality Technology and Scientific Advances, 1890–1929
    • Interpretation of Water Quality Data and Information, 1890–1929
    • Water Quality Investigations, 1890–1929
    • Water Quality Technology and Scientific Advances, 1930–1975
    • Interpretation of Water Quality Data and Information, 1930–1975
    • Water Quality Investigations, 1930–1975
    • Conclusions
  • 3. Mass Transport and Chemistry at the Air–Water Interface of Atmospheric Dispersoids
    • Introduction
    • A Mass Transport, Kinetic Model Framework for Aqueous Processing
    • Equilibrium Partition Constants (KWA and KIA)
    • Laboratory Reaction Rate Constants (Bulk and Surface Reactions)
    • Field Data in Support of Air–Water Interface Reactions
    • Conclusions
  • 4. Complete β-Lactam Antiobiotic Activity Removal from Wastewaters: Hydroxyl Radical-Mediated Oxidation Efficiencies
    • Introduction
    • Experimental
    • Results and Discussion
    • Conclusions
  • 5. Mine-Impacted Water and Biochemical Reactors
    • Introduction
    • Applicability of BCRs for Mine-Impacted Water
    • Mechanisms in BCRs
    • The Evolution of BCR Design
    • Treatment Goals
    • Media Composition
    • Sulfate Reduction Rate
    • Hydraulics
    • Design Process
    • Settling and Aeration
    • Start-up
    • Operation
    • Conclusions
  • 6. Water—Energy—Food: Our Existence Will Require Natural Gas
    • The Problem and the Opportunity
    • The Existing and Forecast Continuance of Energy and Water Interdependence
    • Natural Gas Reserves and Water Dependence
    • The Future of Energy, Water and Food—A Positive Outlook with Natural Gas
    • Creating the Next Generation of Efficiency and Connectivity with Energy, Water, and Food Through the Development of Data Utilities
    • Conclusions
  • 7. The Role of Water in Unconventional In Situ Energy Resource Extraction Technologies
    • Introduction
    • Water Issues and In Situ Oil Shale Retorting
    • The Role of Water in Hydraulic Fracturing and Oil and Gas Resource Development
    • Water for Uranium ISR Mining in the United States
    • Beneficial Agricultural Reuse of Produced Waters
    • Opportunities and Regulatory Challenges
    • Conclusions
    • Disclaimer
  • 8. Water Management in Unconventional Oil and Gas Development—The Issues and Their Optimization
    • Introduction
    • Hydraulic Fracturing—A Key Enabler of Unconventional Gas Production
    • Fracture Fluid Systems
    • Nonaqueous Fluid Systems
    • Understanding Flowback Water
    • Contemporary Flowback Management
    • Target Contaminants to Be Removed Before Recycling and Their Handling
    • Decision-Making Process for Managing Flowback Water
    • System Dynamics Approach to Flowback Management
    • Analysis and Discussion
    • Conclusions
  • 9. Water Management in the Oil Sands
    • Introduction
    • Alberta Oil Sands
    • Thermal In Situ Oil Production Methods
    • Government Regulations for Water Conservation
    • Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Energy Efficiency
    • Conclusions
  • 10. Coal Use as a Cause of Water Quality Impairment
    • Introduction
    • Coal Production Impacts on Water
    • Coal Combustion Impacts on Water
    • Coal Waste Impacts on Water
    • Alternative Uses of Coal Ash
    • Conclusions
  • 11. Biodiesel from Plant Oils
    • Introduction
    • Plants Catalog
    • Production of Biofuels
    • Properties of Biofuels
    • Applications of Biofuels
    • Conclusions
  • 12. Introduction to Solar Photovoltaic Technology
    • Introduction
    • Solar Cell Technologies
    • Various Losses in Solar Cells
    • Comparative Analysis of Various PV Technologies
    • Solar PV Systems for Water Pumping
    • Conclusions
  • 13. Contaminated Irrigation Water and the Associated Public Health Risks
    • Introduction
    • The Current and Future Water Situation—It Is All in the Water
    • Agricultural Water Contamination—Contaminants, Sources, and Health Effects
    • Human Health Risk
    • Wastewater Use in Agriculture
    • Recommendations—Risk Analysis
    • Conclusions
  • 14. Analysis of Dietary Supplements with a Hand-held XRF Analyzer
    • Introduction
    • Experimental Methods
    • Results and Discussion
    • Conclusions
  • 15. Beyond the Brink
    • Water Strategy Principles for 2050
    • Holistic Environmental Planning Process and Solutions for 2050
    • Conclusions
  • 16. Water Scarcity: Global Challenges for Agriculture
    • Introduction
    • Where Are the Crisis Spots Throughout the World?
    • Irrigated Agriculture: Water Sources and Conservation Methods
    • Water Resource Management: The Case of the San Francisco Bay Area Delta, California, USA
    • Boosting Our Freshwater Resources
    • Diverting Water Resources for Energy Production
    • Promoting Transboundary Cooperation
    • Conclusions
  • 17. The Need for Water Reuse
    • Introduction
    • Water and Food
    • Water and Energy
    • Global Climate Change
    • Energy
    • Water and Energy Interactions
    • Solutions Must Be Sustainable
    • What Are We Doing About the Problem?
    • Avoiding Disastrous Side Effects: The Impact of Arsenic-Contaminated Groundwater on Food
    • Conclusions
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
478
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780128003749
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128002117

About the Editor

Satinder Ahuja

Satinder Ahuja

Dr. Satinder Ahuja is a leading expert on improving water quality. He earned his PhD in analytical chemistry from the University of the Sciences, Philadelphia. He worked for Novartis Corp. in various leadership positions for over 25 years while simultaneously teaching and guiding research as an adjunct professor at Pace University for over 10 years. As president of Ahuja Consulting, he advises on quality issues relating to chemicals/pharmaceuticals and water. Dr. Ahuja has published numerous papers and more than 20 books. His latest books are “Chemistry and Water: The Science Behind Sustaining the World’s Most Crucial Resource” (Elsevier, 2016), “Food, Energy, and Water: The Chemistry Connection" (Elsevier, 2015), and “Water Reclamation and Sustainability" (Elsevier, 2014). Others include “Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification" (Elsevier, 2013), "Monitoring Water Quality: Pollution Assessment, Analysis, and Remediation" (Elsevier, 2013), "Novel Solutions to Water Pollution" (ACS Symposium Volume, 2013), "Handbook of Water Purity and Quality" (Elsevier, 2009), and "Arsenic Contamination of Water: Mechanism, Analysis, and Remediation" (Wiley, 2008). A member of the executive committee of the Rivers of the World Foundation (ROW), Dr. Ahuja has organized numerous global symposia on improving water quality, including presentations for the American Chemical Society and UNESCO.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ahuja Consulting, Calabash, NC, USA

Reviews

"...jam-packed with information and strategies to inform future water usage and guide us towards wiser choices…a book well worth dipping into...a worthy introduction to a range of complex, topical issues." --Chemistry in Australia