Description

The main physicochemical aspects of foam and foam films such as preparation, structure, properties, are considered, giving a special emphasis on foam stability. It is shown that the foam and foam films are an efficient object in the study of various surface phenomena and in establishing regularities common for different interfaces, in particular, water/oil interface. The techniques and results on foam films have an independent meaning and involve the latest achievement in this field, with a focus on authors' results.

The book has an expressed monographic character. It reveals joint ideas, i.e. the quantitative approach in treating foams is based on foam film behaviour and the techniques for controlling the foam liquid content, developed by the authors. A major contribution represents the independent consideration of formation and stability of foam films in theoretical and experimental aspects. No monograph published so far reveals these topics in the mentioned manner. Data and information about foams, physicochemical characterization of surfactants, phospholipids and polymers can also be found. Furthermore, the book provides information about: techniques involved in the study of foam films and foam structure and properties; foam drainage; processes of destruction in gravitational and centrifugal fields; reasons for stability of films and their role in the processes running in the foam; mechanical, rheological, optical, thermophysical, electrical properties; foam destruction upon addition of antifoams (mechanism of destruction, techniques, application); scientific principles of controlling foam properties and their application in foam separation and concentration; enhanced oil recovery; thermodynamic and non-equilibrium properties of foam films, stabilized by surfactants, phospholipids and polymers; techniques for the study of surface forces; formation and stability of foam films; black films, including bilayers; new theories of stability of amphiphile bilayer; exp

Readership

Those dealing with thin liquid films, colloids, application in biology and medicine; oil recovery.

Table of Contents

Chapter headings and sub headings:. Preface. Acknowledgements. Introduction. Formation and Structure of Foams. Pressure in the Liquid and Gas Phases of Foams. Methods for Foam Generation. Shape of Films and Bubbles in Foam. Foam Dispersity. Pressure in Liquid Phase of Foam and Bubbles. Experimental Methods Involved in the Study of Foam Films. Microscopic Thin Liquid Films. Macroscopic Foam Films. Spherical Foam Films. Physical Chemistry of Foam Films. Elements of the Thermodynamics of Foam Films. Non-equilibrium Properties of Foam Films. Surface Forces in Foam Films. Black Foam Films (Nano Black Films). Diffusion Processes in Foam Films. Similarity of Foam Films with Emulsion and Asymmetric Thin Liquid Films. Foam Structural Parameters and Related Properties: Techniques for Determination. Relation Between the Geometrical (Structural) Parameters of a Foam and its Physicochemical Characteristics. Determination of Foam Expansion Ratio (Foam Density). Determination of Pressure in Foam Plateau Borders. Determination of Foam Dispersity. Study of Foam Liquid Distribution and Plateau Border Profiles. Foam Drainage. A Brief Characterisation of Foam Drainage. Techniques for the Study of Foam Drainage. Foam Drainage at High Pressure Drop. Gravitational Drainage of a Foam. Influence of Internal Foam Collapse on Drainage. Foam Collapse. Techniques Involved in the Study of the Kinetics of Internal Foam Collapse. Internal Foam Collapse at Diffusion Gas Transfer. Coalescence and Structural Rearrangement. Kinetics of Internal Foam Collapse. Decay of the Foam Column. Comparison Between the Rate of Internal Foam Collapse and the Decrease in Foam Volume. Foam Stability and the Stabilising Ability of Surfactants. Definition of the Term Foam Stability and Foaming Ability of Solutions. Characteristics of Stability Related to Foam Column Decay. Kinetic Fa

Details

No. of pages:
772
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1998
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444819222
Electronic ISBN:
9780080531809

About the editors

D. Exerowa

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Pyotr Kruglyakov

Affiliations and Expertise

State Academy of Architecture and Building, Institute of Civil Engineering, Penza, Russia