Fluid Transport - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781785481840, 9780081017791

Fluid Transport

1st Edition

Pipes

Authors: Jean-Paul Duroudier
eBook ISBN: 9780081017791
Hardcover ISBN: 9781785481840
Imprint: ISTE Press - Elsevier
Published Date: 23rd September 2016
Page Count: 366
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Description

Fluid Transport: Pipes, part of the Industrial Equipment for Chemical Engineering set, provides a description and calculation of the essential equipment used for fluid transport. Gas-liquid flows are studied with regard to the nature of this type of flow, along with the pressure drop that they may trigger.

Many numerical examples are offered, and the calculation of a fluid transport line is detailed. The vacuum technique and the behavior of non-Newtonian liquids is thoroughly presented, and the author also provides the methods needed for understanding the equipment used in applied thermodynamics to encourage students and engineers to self build the programs they need. Chapters are complemented with appendices that provide additional information and associated references.

Key Features

  • Contains practical applications of ejectors and thermo-compressors
  • Establishes pipe diameter thickness
  • Includes studies in general and other types of valves
  • Presents process parameters and the calculation of a control
  • Provides a theoretical study of control valves and gas pipelines

Readership

Students and engineers in Process and Chemical Engineering; those working in the Chemical, Food, Pharmaceutical and Oil industries

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • 1: Fluid Ejectors and Gas Ejectors
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 General
    • 1.2 Liquid–liquid or gas–gas ejectors
    • 1.3 Gas ejectors and thermocompressors
    • 1.4 Practical applications of ejectors and thermocompressors
  • 2: Pipe Dimensions, Non-Newtonian Fluids, Liquid Hammer
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Establishing pipe diameter
    • 2.2 Establishing pipe thickness
    • 2.3 Flanges, seals and accessories
    • 2.4 Sound waves in pipes
    • 2.5 Mechanism of liquid hammer
    • 2.6 Approximate simulation method for simple pipes (without intermediate accessories and fittings)
    • 2.7 Simplified graphic method
    • 2.8 Anti-liquid hammer chambers
  • 3: Block or Stop Valves and Control Valves
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 On valves in general
    • 3.2 Different types of valves
    • 3.3 Control valve choice and calculation
    • 3.4 The process parameters of a control valve
  • 4: Electric Motors: Performance and Choice of Pumps and Fans
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Choice of motor
    • 4.2 Utilization of motors
    • 4.3 Turbopumps
    • 4.4 Volumetric pumps
    • 4.5 Special cases
    • 4.6 Fans
  • 5: Polymer Extruder Screw
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction of extrusion screw
    • 5.2 Movement of the polymer in the screw channel
    • 5.3 Heat for polymer melting
    • 5.4 Shaft electrical power
    • 5.5 Practical considerations and screw use
    • 5.6 Mixing and thermal transfer in the screw
  • 6: Choice and Performance of Compressors
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 About compressors
    • 6.2 Reciprocating compressors
    • 6.3 Open volumetric compression – screw compressors and lobe compressors
    • 6.4 Turbo compressors
    • 6.5 Fans
    • 6.6 Liquid ring pumps
  • 7: Free Gas Expansion
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Types of expansion: one-dimensional flow equations
    • 7.2 Theoretical study of control valves, safety valves and gas pipelines
  • 8: Safety Valves and Rupture Disks
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Pressure around a safety valve
    • 8.2 Choice between two types of safety valves
    • 8.3 Relationship between flowrate and pressure
    • 8.4 Upstream and downstream connections
    • 8.5 Various applications
    • 8.6 Rupture disks
  • 9: Breathing, Inerting, Gas Losses and Circulation between Reservoirs, Tanks and Vats
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Breather valve specifications: reservoir filling ratio limitations
    • 9.2 Assessment of losses to the atmosphere
    • 9.3 Circulation of liquid between reservoirs
  • 10: Flow in Pipes: Rarified Gas, Non-Newtonian Liquids, Events, Gas–Liquid Flow
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Rarified gas
    • 10.2 Consistent or plastic products
    • 10.3 Vents
    • 10.4 Nature of gas–liquid flows
    • 10.5 Pressure drop in gas–liquid flows
    • 10.6 Critical biphasic flow
  • Appendix: Characteristics of Various Gases
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
366
Language:
English
Copyright:
© ISTE Press - Elsevier 2017
Published:
Imprint:
ISTE Press - Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780081017791
Hardcover ISBN:
9781785481840

About the Author

Jean-Paul Duroudier

Jean-Paul Duroudier is an engineer from Ecole centrale de Paris, France. He has devoted his professional life to the study of materials in chemical engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Engineer, Ecole Centrale de Paris, France