COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
Fish Physiology: Euryhaline Fishes - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123969514, 9780123972323

Fish Physiology: Euryhaline Fishes, Volume 32

1st Edition

Editors: Stephen McCormick Anthony Farrell Colin Brauner
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123969514
eBook ISBN: 9780123972323
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 11th January 2013
Page Count: 594
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST
Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Glossary of Terms
  • List of Abbreviations
  • 1. Principles and Patterns of Osmoregulation and Euryhalinity in Fishes
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Principles of Ion and Water Transport
    • 3. Osmoregulatory Organs
    • 4. Hagfishes
    • 5. Lampreys
    • 6. Elasmobranchs
    • 7. Teleost Fishes
    • 8. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 2. Osmosensing
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Whole-Organism (Systemic) Osmosensing
    • 3. Molecular Mechanisms of Cellular Osmosensing
    • 4. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 3. Hormonal Control of Fish Euryhalinity
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Rapid-Acting Hormones
    • 3. Slow-Acting Hormones
    • 4. Target Tissues
    • 5. Developmental (Ontogenic) Aspects
    • 6. Evolutionary (Phylogenetic) Aspects
    • 7. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 4. Euryhaline Elasmobranchs
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Distribution
    • 3. Phylogeny of Euryhaline Elasmobranchs
    • 4. Osmoregulation
    • 5. Metabolism
    • 6. Sensory Biology
    • 7. Behavior
    • 8. Reproduction
    • 9. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 5. Smolt Physiology and Endocrinology
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Morphology
    • 3. Migration
    • 4. Imprinting
    • 5. Osmoregulation
    • 6. Endocrine Control
    • 7. Developmental and Environmental Regulation
    • 8. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 6. Freshwater to Seawater Transitions in Migratory Fishes
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Life History Patterns
    • 3. Movement Patterns
    • 4. Osmoregulatory Competence
    • 5. Preparatory Adaptation and Mechanistic Trends
    • 6. Growth and Osmoregulation
    • 7. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 7. Seawater to Freshwater Transitions in Diadromous Fishes
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Behavior and Timing
    • 3. Ionoregulation
    • 4. Endocrine Control
    • 5. Mechanisms for Selection of Freshwater Habitat
    • 6. Effect of Diadromy on Genetic Population Structure
    • 7. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 8. Osmoregulation in Estuarine and Intertidal Fishes
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Intertidal Habitats: Estuaries and Tide Pools
    • 3. Osmoregulatory Strategies
    • 4. Osmoregulatory Stresses
    • 5. Estuarine Fishes as Physiological Models
    • 6. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 9. Extreme Environments: Hypersaline, Alkaline, and Ion-Poor Waters
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Hypersaline Waters
    • 3. Alkaline Lakes
    • 4. Ion-Poor Waters
    • 5. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • 10. Euryhalinity in An Evolutionary Context
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Diversity of Halotolerance
    • 3. Evolutionary Transitions in Euryhalinity
    • 4. Convergence and Euryhalinity
    • 5. Conclusions and Perspectives
    • References
  • Other Volumes in the Fish Physiology Series
  • Index


The need for ion and water homeostasis is common to all life. For fish, ion and water homeostasis is an especially important challenge because they live in direct contact with water and because of the large variation in the salt content of natural waters (varying by over 5 orders of magnitude). Most fish are stenohaline and are unable to move between freshwater and seawater. Remarkably, some fishes are capable of life in both freshwater and seawater. These euryhaline fishes constitute an estimated 3 to 5% of all fish species. Euryhaline fishes represent some of the most iconic and interesting of all fish species, from salmon and sturgeon that make epic migrations to intertidal mudskippers that contend with daily salinity changes. With the advent of global climate change and increasing sea levels, understanding the environmental physiology of euryhaline species is critical for environmental management and any mitigative measures. This volume will provide the first integrative review of euryhalinity in fish. There is no other book that focuses on fish that have the capacity to move between freshwater and seawater. The different challenges of salt and water balance in different habitats have led to different physiological controls and regulation, which heretofore has not been reviewed in a single volume.

Key Features

  • Collects and synthesizes the literature covering the state of knowledge of the physiology of euryhaline fish
  • Provides the foundational information needed for researchers from a variety of fields, including fish physiology, conservation and evolutionary biology, genomics, ecology, ecotoxicology, and comparative physiology
  • All authors are the leading researchers and emerging leaders in their fields


Researchers in zoology, fish physiology, fisheries biology, comparative physiology, and ecology; applied researchers in environmental monitoring, conservation biology and toxicology; university-level students and instructors in these areas


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2013
11th January 2013
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


"...I found the book very worthwhile reading and have learned a great deal from it."--The Quarterly Review of Biology, Euryhaline Fishes

"...especially useful to research scientists interested in ion and water homeostasis and veterinarians involved with aquaculture or fisheries who are interested in wild and cultured euryhaline fishes."--Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, December 15, 2014

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Stephen McCormick

Affiliations and Expertise

USGS, Conte Anadromous Fish Research Center

Anthony Farrell

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner

Dr. Colin Brauner was educated in Canada at the University of British Columbia (Ph D), followed by a Post-doctoral fellowship at Aarhus University and the University of Southern Denmark, and was a Research Associate at McMaster University. He is a Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility. He has been a Co-Editor of the Fish Physiology series since 2006. His research investigates environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management. His achievements have been recognized by the Society for Experimental Biology, UK (President’s medal) and the Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research (J.C. Stevenson Memorial Lecturer) and the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre (Murray A. Newman Award for Aquatic Research). He is a former President of the Canadian Society of Zoologists.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility, Canada