Exploration, Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm

Exploration, Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm

1st Edition - December 3, 2015

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  • Authors: Guoping Zhang, Chengdao Li
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128029237
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128029220

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Description

Exploration, Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm explores the timely global challenges related to barley production posed by the narrowing of biodiversity and problem soils, identifying elite genotypes which will enhance barley breeding and be essential to genetic and evolution studies. The book covers the utilization of barley germplasm for improving the quality of both food and feed barley as well as exploring and utilizing varieties of germplasm that are tolerant to drought, waterlogged, salt, and acid soil. Chapters are devoted to prime strategies for future research, including identifying barley germplasm by applying Omics, exploring barley germplasm by means of the Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS), and creating barley germplasm through mutation. Users will find this book to be a key research reference for both professionals and academics, providing a comprehensive update for established barley researchers that equips them with an understanding of the new methodologies needed for innovation and discovery, while also providing a helpful entry to the subject for young researchers and students.

Key Features

  • Provides a one-stop shop to acquire a speedy overview of the main and recently applied issues of barley breeding
  • Provides newly-developed methodologies in barley germplasm research
  • Describes special genotypes from wild barley, including Tibetan wild barley, which show a high tolerance to abiotic stresses and carry different alleles from cultivated barley

Readership

Professional scientists, technicians and students who are engaged in crop genetics and breeding. Agronomists, plant geneticists and plant breeding professionals, crop and plant physiologists can use this book as a reference work.

Table of Contents

    • List of Contributors
    • Preface
    • 1: Domestication and Improvement of Cultivated Barley
      • Abstract
      • 1. Origin and Domestication of Barley
      • 2. Distribution and Growth Habits of Wild Barley
      • 3. Environmental Adaptation of Wild Barley
      • 4. Utilization of Wild Barley in Breeding
    • 2: Malting Barley Quality Improvement and Germplasm Utilization
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Germplasm Foundation for Two-Row Malting
      • 3. Screening for Malting Quality
      • 4. Integration of Markers into Screening for Malting Quality
      • 5. Scald Resistance Marker Development and Utilization
      • 6. Utilization of Some Barley Germplasm
      • 7. Germplasm and the Future
    • 3: Food Barley Quality Improvement and Germplasm Utilization
      • Abstract
      • 1. A Brief History of Barley Foods
      • 2. The Renaissance of Barley Foods in Western Culture
      • 3. The Oregon State University Case Study
      • 4. Products: A Decision to Embrace a Whole-Grain Rather Than an “Extractive” Model
      • 5. Product Development
      • 6. Quality Evaluations
      • 7. Beyond Streaker
      • 8. Conclusions
      • Acknowledgments
    • 4: Exploration and Utilization of Salt-Tolerant Barley Germplasm
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Physiologic Responses of Barley to Salt Stress
      • 3. Methodologies for Studying Mechanisms of Salt Tolerance in Barley
      • 4. Exploration and Utilization of Salt-Tolerant Barley Germplasm
    • 5: Exploration and Utilization of Drought-Tolerant Barley Germplasm
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Drought Tolerance Assessment
      • 3. Physiological Bases for Drought Tolerance in Barley
      • 4. Genetics and Mechanisms of Drought Stress Tolerance in Barley
      • 5. Exploration and Utilization of Drought-Tolerant Barley Germplasm
    • 6: Exploration and Utilization of Waterlogging-Tolerant Barley Germplasm
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Adverse Effects of Waterlogging or Submergence Stress
      • 3. Morphological Strategies for Low-Oxygen Environment
      • 4. Molecular Mechanisms
      • 5. Metabolism and Signalling Network in Response to Waterlogging and Submergence
      • 6. Exploration and Utilization of Barley Genetic Germplasm with High Waterlogging Tolerance
    • 7: Exploration and Utilization of Aluminum-Tolerant Barley Germplasm
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Physiological Responses of Barley to Aluminum Stress
      • 3. Mechanisms and Genetics of Al Toxicity Tolerance in Barley
      • 4. Exploration and Utilization of Aluminum-Tolerant Barley Germplasm
    • 8: Frost Tolerance and Genetic Improvement in Barley
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Environments
      • 3. Frost Management
      • 4. Methods of Screening
      • 5. Genotypic Variation for Frost Tolerance in Barley
      • 6. Genetic Factors Associated with Frost Tolerance in Barley
      • 7. Summary
    • 9: Exploration and Utilization of Genetic Diversity Exotic Germplasm for Barley Improvement
      • Abstract
      • 1. Overview of Barley Origin
      • 2. Genetic Diversity in Barley
      • 3. Barley Uses
      • 4. Yield-Limiting Factors in Barley
      • 5. Exotic Barley Germplasm for Improvement
      • 6. Exploring Barley Genetic Resources
      • 7. What Limits Use of Exotic Barley Germplasm in Breeding Programs?
      • 8. Summary
    • 10: Improvement of Yield and Adaptation by Manipulating Phenology Genes
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Barley Development and Physiological Determinants of Yield
      • 3. Control of Barley Development
      • 4. Phenology and Adaptation: Matching Crop Phenology to Growing Conditions in Australia
      • 5. Manipulating Developmental Phases for Further Yield Improvement
      • 6. Conclusions
    • 11: Next-Generation Sequencing Technology: Implications for Barley Genetics and Breeding
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Barley Genome Sequencing Projects
      • 3. Next-Generation Sequencing Technology
      • 4. Next-Generation Sequencing Applications
      • 5. Conclusion
    • Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 304
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2015
  • Published: December 3, 2015
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128029237
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128029220

About the Authors

Guoping Zhang

Prof. Guoping Zhang is a Professor at Zhejiang University, China. His major research interests include: (1) identification and development of barley germplasm with abiotic stress tolerance (salinity, acid soils and drought) and high nutrient use efficiency, and (2) genotypic difference and molecular mechanisms of heavy metal accumulation and tolerance in plants. In the past two decades, He finished more than 30 research projects, including 13 granted by China Natural Science Foundations, and published more than 270 papers in peer-reviewed journals, with more than 6,000 citations. He once acted as a chairman of organizing committee for International Barley Genetics Symposium (2012-2016) and is now on the editorial board of several journals, including Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, Plant Growth Regulation, and Journal of Integrative Agriculture.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Zhejiang University, China

Chengdao Li

Dr. Chengdao Li is a barley breeder and molecular geneticist at Department of Agriculture, West Australia (DAWA), and guest professor of Zhejiang University, China. He has extensive international experience (China, Canada and Australia) on barley breeding and molecular genetics and finished more than 10 granted research programs on barley germplasm development and breeding, resulting in development and releasing of new barley varieties “Baudin”, and “Hamelin”, identification and characterization of more than 10 elite barley genotypes with high tolerance to abiotic stress and high malt qualities. He has published more than 60 papers and 4 books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Barley Breeder and Molecular Geneticist, Department of Agriculture and Food, Perth, West Australia; Guest professor of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

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