Experiments in Physical Chemistry

Experiments in Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Authors: J. M. Wilson, R. J. Newcombe, A. R. Denaro
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483186191

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Description

Experiments in Physical Chemistry, Second Edition provides a compilation of experiments concerning physical chemistry. This book illustrates the link between the theory and practice of physical chemistry. Organized into three parts, this edition begins with an overview of those experiments that generally have a simple theoretical background. Part II contains experiments that are associated with more advanced theory or more developed techniques, or which require a greater degree of experimental skill. Part III consists of experiments that are in the nature of investigations wherein these investigations may be regarded as minor research project suitable for final-year students. This book is intended to be suitable for university students who are majoring in Chemistry.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    List of Symbols

    Part I

    Experiments

    Physical Properties and Molecular Structure

    1. Molecular Weight using van der Waals' Equation

    2. The Density of a Liquid as a Function of Temperature

    3. Molar Refraction

    4. Viscosity as a Function of Temperature

    Thermodynamics

    5. The Ratio of the Heat Capacities of a Gas (Clement and Desormes Method)

    6. The Ratio of the Heat Capacities of a Gas (Lummer and Pringsheim Method)

    7. Molecular Weight by Ebullioscopy (Landsberger's Method)

    8. Molecular Weight by Ebullioscopy (Cottrell's Method)

    9. Molecular Weight by Cryoscopy

    10. Molecular Weight by Rast's Method

    11. Heat of Neutralization by Calorimetry

    12. Heat of Transition by Calorimetry

    13. Heat of Vaporization by Calorimetry

    14. The Vapor Pressure of a Liquid as a Function of Temperature

    15. Heat of Solution from Solubility

    16. Heat of Combustion by Bomb Calorimetry

    17. An Equilibrium Constant by the Distribution Method

    Phase Equilibria

    18. Distillation of an Azeotropic Mixture with a Minimum Boiling Point

    19. Molecular Weight of a Liquid by Steam Distillation

    20. Phase Diagram for a Binary System

    21. The Variation of Miscibility with Temperature

    22. A Study of the Ternary System : Benzene-Acetic Acid-Water

    23. The Thermal Analysis of a Hydrate by the Differential Couple Method

    24. A Transition Temperature by a Solubility Method

    Light and Spectra

    25. Verification of the Lambert-Beer Law

    26. Composition of a Complex Ion in Solution

    Chemical Kinetics

    27. A Velocity Constant by a Titration Method

    28. Variation of a Velocity Constant with Catalyst Concentration by a Polarimetric Method

    29. A Velocity Constant by a Gas Evolution Method

    30. A Velocity Constant by a Conductimetric Method

    31. The Effect of Change of Temperature on the Rate of a Reaction

    32. Determination of the Order of a Reaction

    Surface Chemistry and Colloids

    33. Surface Tension using a Traube Stalagmometer

    34. Interfacial Tension (Micrometer Syringe Method)

    35. Variation of the Surface Tension of a Liquid with Temperature

    36. Adsorption Isotherm

    Conductance and Transference

    37. Variation of Conductance with Concentration (Strong and Weak Electrolytes)

    38. Conductimetric Titration of an Acid Mixture

    39. Solubility by a Conductimetric Method

    40. Transport Numbers (Hittorf's Method)

    Ionic Equilibria

    41. Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid (Approximate e.m.f. Method)

    42. Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid (Conductimetric Method)

    43. Hydrolysis Constant by a Conductimetric Method

    Electrode Potential and Electrode Processes

    44. The Standard Electrode Potentials of Zinc and Copper

    45. Concentration Cells

    46. Solubility Product from e.m.f. Measurements

    47. The Quinhydrone Reference Electrode

    48. pH Titration Curve

    49. Study of Potentiometric and Indicator End Points

    50. Potentiometric Titration—Verification of the Nernst Equation

    51. Thermodynamics of Cells

    Part II

    Experiments

    Physical Properties and Molecular Structure

    52. The Radius of a Molecule from Viscosity Measurements

    53. Dipole Moment of a Polar Molecule

    54. The Additivity of Group Moments in Aromatic Compounds5

    Thermodynamics

    55. The Joule-Thomson Coefficient

    56. The Partition Coefficient in Gas Chromatography

    57. The Raoult Law Factor in Gas Chromatography

    58. Activity of a Non-electrolyte by Cryoscopy

    59. Activity of an Electrolyte by Cryoscopy

    60. Activity Coefficient by an e.m.f. Method

    61. The Partial Molai Volumes of a Binary Solution

    Phase Equilibria

    62. A Ternary Phase Diagram for a System of Two Solids and a Liquid Light and Spectra

    63. Emission Spectra Study of Atomic Hydrogen

    64. The Ultra-violet Absorption Spectra of Geometrical Isomers

    65. Force Constants from Vibrational Frequencies

    66. Infra-red Spectra of Carbonyl Compounds

    Chemical Kinetics

    67. Variation of Velocity Constant with Catalyst Concentration by a Dilatometer Method

    68. A Velocity Constant by an Amperometric Method

    69. A Velocity Constant by a Potentiometric Method

    70. A Velocity Constant by a Polarimetrie Method

    71. A Velocity Constant for an Anionotropic Rearrangement (Spectrophotometric Method)

    Surface Chemistry and Colloids

    72. Gas Adsorption (McBain-Bakr Balance)

    73. Surface Tension-Concentration Relationship for Solutions (Gibbs Equation)

    74. Molecular Weight of a Polymer from Viscosity Measurements

    75. Electrophoresis

    Conductance and Transference

    76. Variation of Conductance with Concentration

    77. Transport Numbers (Moving Boundary Method)

    78. Transport Numbers (e.m.f. Method)

    Ionic Equilibria

    79. The Absorption Curve of an Indicator as a Function of pH

    80. Dissociation Constant of an Acid (Accurate e.m.f. Method)

    81. Dissociation Constant of an Acid (Spectrophotometric Method)

    82. Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid (Accurate Conductimetric Method)

    Electrode Potential and Electrode Processes

    83. Dead-stop End Point Titration Technique

    84. Potentiometric Titration-Solubility of Silver Halides

    85. The Polarographic Method of Analysis

    86. The Polarographic Method of Analysis—Wave Separation

    87. Polarographic Study of Acetaldehyde

    Radiochemistry

    Safety Precautions

    88. Separation of Radioelements by Ion Exchange

    89. Distribution Constant by a Radioactive Tracer Technique

    Part III

    Investigations

    Physical Properties and Molecular Structure

    90. A Chromatographic Study of the Effects of Substitution on Acetophenone

    91. A Chromatographic Study of the Relationship between Heats of Solution and Molecular Structure

    92. Steric Effects and Resonance

    93. Dipole Moments of Polar Compounds (Guggenheim's Method)

    94. Diffusion of Solvent Molecules through High Polymers

    95. Interpretation of X-ray Powder Photographs

    96. Delocalization Energies of Π Molecular Orbital Systems

    Thermodynamics

    97. Thermodynamic Equilibrium Constant of a Molecular Charge Transfer Complex

    98. Thermodynamic Functions for Acid-Base Equilibria

    Phase Equilibria

    99. A Comparison of the Efficiency of Laboratory Fractionating Columns

    Light and Spectra

    100. The Angle of Twist around an Essential C—C Single Bond for a Series of Substituted Carbonyl Compounds

    101. Relative Strengths of Hydrogen Bonds by a Spectrophotometric Method

    102. The Evaluation of the Bond Angle, Force Constants and Heat

    Capacity of Sulphur Dioxide from Its Vibrational Spectrum

    103. The Internuclear Distance of Hydrogen Chloride from Its Vibration-Rotation Spectrum

    104. The Dissociation Energy of Iodine from Its Absorption Spectrum

    105. The Interpretation of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra

    Chemical Kinetics

    106. Explosion Limits of the Hydrogen-Oxygen Reaction

    107. Mechanism of the Reaction between Hydrogen Iodide and Hydrogen Peroxide

    108. The Brønsted Primary Salt Effect

    109. The Variation of Rate Constant with Catalyst Concentration by a Polarimetric Method

    Surface Chemistry and Colloids

    110. The Measurement of Surface Area by the B.E.T. Method

    111. Critical Micelle Concentration

    Ionic Equilibria

    112. The Protonation of Aldehydes and Ketones in Sulphuric Acid Media

    Electrode Potential and Electrode Processes

    113. The Anodic Behaviour of Metals

    114. The Polarograph: A Study of the Variables when Interpreting Polarograms

    115. Differential Potentiometric Titrations

    Appendix I Statistical Treatment of Experimental Data

    Appendix II List of Textbooks

    Appendix III List of Instruments and Manufacturers

    Logarithms of Numbers

    Antilogarithms

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 408
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483186191

About the Authors

J. M. Wilson

Affiliations and Expertise

Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

R. J. Newcombe

A. R. Denaro

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