Evidence-Based Nursing

1st Edition

A Guide to Clinical Practice

Authors:

  • Alba DiCenso
  • Gordon Guyatt
  • Donna Ciliska
  • Key Features

    • This is the only book of its kind that helps nurses use the nursing literature effectively to solve patient problems.
    • Three-step approach to dissecting a problem — to help find the best evidence and improve patient care, most questions can be divided into three parts: (1) Are the results valid? (2) What are the results? and (3) How can I apply the results to patient care?
    • Part One - The Basics: Using the Nursing Literature provides a basic approach to the problems faced by nurses when determining optimal care, predicting patient progress, and protecting patients from potentially harmful side effects and includes a literature assessment summary and management recommendations.
    • Part Two - Beyond the Basics: Using and Teaching the Principles of Evidence-Based Nursing expands on Part One, providing concrete examples through the presentation of cases.
    • Two-part organization helps both beginners and those more accomplished at using the nursing literature.
    • Clinical Scenario provides a brief but detailed description of a clinical situation that requires the application of research through a critical thinking process.
    • Using the Guide examines a clinical scenario, and then evaluates the way in which research findings are collected, analyzed, and applied to the resolution of the problem presented in the scenario.
    • Free CD-ROM contains everything found in the book, allowing for electronic outlining, content filtering, full-text searching, and alternative content organizations.

    Table of Contents

    PART I - The Basics: Using the Nursing Literature
    Chapter 1: Introduction to Evidence-Based Nursing
    Chapter 2: Finding the Evidence
    Chapter 3: Health Care Interventions and Harm: An Introduction
    Chapter 4: Health Care Interventions
    Chapter 5: Harm
    Chapter 6: Diagnosis
    Chapter 7: Prognosis
    Chapter 8: Qualitative Research
    Chapter 9: Summarizing the Evidence Through Systematic Reviews
    Chapter 10: Moving from Evidence to Action Using Clinical Practice Guidelines
    Chapter 11: Changing Nursing Practice in an Organization

    PART II - Beyond the Basics: Using and Teaching the Principles of Evidence-Based Nursing
    Unit I: Health Care Interventions
    Chapter 12: Quality of Life
    Chapter 13: Surrogate Outcomes
    Chapter 14: Surprising Results of Randomized Controlled Trials
    Chapter 15: The Principle of Intention-to-Treat
    Chapter 16: When to Believe a Subgroup Analysis

    Unit II: Health Services Research
    Chapter 17: Health Services Interventions
    Chapter 18: Economic Evaluation
    Chapter 19: Computer Decision Support Systems

    Unit III: Diagnosis
    Chapter 20: Clinical Manifestations of Disease
    Chapter 21: Differential Diagnosis
    Chapter 22: Clinical Prediction Rules

    Unit IV: Summarizing the Evidence Through Systematic Reviews
    Chapter 23: Publication Bias
    Chapter 24: Evaluating Differences in Study Results
    Chapter 25: Fixed-Effects and Random-Effects Models

    Unit V: Understanding the Results
    Chapter 26: Bias and Random Error
    Chapter 27: Measures of Association
    Chapter 28: HypothesisTesting
    Chapter 29: Confidence Intervals
    Chapter 30: Measuring Agreement Beyond Chance
    Chapter 31: Regression and Correlation

    Unit VI: Moving from Evidence to Action
    Chapter 32: Number Needed to Treat
    Chapter 33: Applying Results to Individual Patients
    Chapter 34: Incorporating Patient Va

    Details

    No. of pages:
    640
    Language:
    English
    Copyright:
    © 2005
    Published:
    Imprint:
    Mosby
    Print ISBN:
    9780323025911
    Electronic ISBN:
    9780323080903

    About the authors

    Alba DiCenso

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor, Nursing & Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, CHRSF/CIHR Nursing Chair in Advanced Practice Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

    Gordon Guyatt

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Chair, Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group; Professor, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

    Donna Ciliska

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor, Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada